Vinquoy chambered cairn

Vinquoy chambered cairn (grid reference HY56013809) is a Neolithic chambered cairn located on the island of Eday, in Orkney, Scotland. The tomb probably dates to the early third millennium BC, and is similar in design to Maeshowe Neolithic tomb found on Mainland Orkney. Historic Environment Scotland established the site as a scheduled monument in 1936.

Vinquoy chambered cairn
Vinquoy chambered tomb Eday.jpg
Vinquoy chambered cairn
Vinquoy chambered cairn is located in Orkney Islands
Vinquoy chambered cairn
Shown within Orkney Islands
LocationEday
Coordinates59°13′38″N 2°46′21″W / 59.227299°N 2.772502°W / 59.227299; -2.772502Coordinates: 59°13′38″N 2°46′21″W / 59.227299°N 2.772502°W / 59.227299; -2.772502
TypeChambered cairn
History
PeriodsNeolithic
Site notes
OwnershipHistoric Scotland
Public accessYes

DescriptionEdit

Vinquoy chambered cairn is a restored Maeshowe-type Neolithic tomb on the island of Eday in Orkney, Scotland. The monument was built on the highest point in the island, on Vinquoy Hill on the North side of Eday, overlooking Calf Sound.[1] The tomb is approximately 18 m (59 ft) in diameter with a height of 3 m (9.8 ft), and was constructed with red sandstone. It has a 5 m (16 ft) entrance passage leading to a central chamber with four small side-cells. The chambered cairn is partly below ground, carved into the hill. The central chamber originally had a corbelled roof. The site is open to the public and is part of the Eday Heritage Trail.[2]

HistoryEdit

The tomb was first excavated in 1857 by antiquarian James Farrer and landowner Robert Fraser Hebden, who dug into the chamber through the top of the mound. According to the 1878 journal of the Society of Antiquarians of Scotland, Hebden, who bought his Eday estate in 1850, "made considerable antiquarian researches over the island from time to time at his own expense; but although the property abounds in ancient tumuli, nothing of interest was discovered beyond a few flint flakes, some human skulls, and a sculptured stone which he presented to the Museum".[3]

The tomb most likely dates to the early third millennium BC, because of its similar design to Maeshowe Neolithic chambered tomb on Mainland Orkney, which dates to 2800 BC. Vinquoy chambered cairn was originally scheduled by Historic Scotland in 1936.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Vinquoy Hill, chambered cairn, Eday". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Vinquoy-Chambered Cairn in Scotland in Orkney". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Anniversary Meeting". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 12: 369. 1878.