Frode Viking Samson Dahl was born in Osby in Scania, Sweden. He was the son of Samuel Dahl (1847-1932) and Katarina Lovisa Peterson (1859-1931). He was the grandson of Swedish priest Gustav Leonard Dahl (1801-1877). His elder brother was Swedish-American Lutheran pastor and author K. G. William Dahl (1883-1917). His cousin was Swedish architect, Frans Gustaf Abraham Dahl (1835-1927). 
Dahl studied at the Royal College of Music 1915-1919 in Stockholm and thereafter in Copenhagen and Berlin. During a stay in Paris 1920, he wrote the dance drama Maison de Fous for Ballets Suédois. He developed his own avant-gardism during his studies in Stockholm, and in Paris he met the radical French composers of the time, among them Darius Milhaud and Maurice Ravel.
- "Viking Dahl (1895−1945)". Levande Musikarv. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Gustav Leonard Dahl (1801–1877)". riksarkivet.se. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Kjell Gustaf William Dahl". NEGenWeb Project. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Frans Gustaf Abraham Dahl". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- "Maison de Fous". Swedish Musical Heritage. Retrieved December 1, 2019.