Vienna Institute of Demography
|Parent agency||Austrian Academy of Sciences|
The Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) (until 2002: Institut für Demographie/IfD) is a research institute of the division for humanities and social sciences within the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) and part of the three "pillar institutions" of the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital.
After some groundwork by researchers interested in having a population studies institute in Austria, among them Wilhelm Winkler and Gustav Feichtinger, the Institut für Demographie was established in November 1975 as a non-university research institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in close cooperation with the Austrian Statistical Central Office (now Statistik Austria). Founding director was Lothar Bosse (1914–1996), a German-born philosopher, mathematician and economist who remained at the head of IfD for twelve years. In the first few years, research activities were limited by budget restrictions and focussed on theory and basic research as well as applied demography. From the beginning, there was an emphasis on informing the public about population issues and research results, by publications such as "Demographische Informationen" (since 1981, in German with English abstracts).
Bosse was succeeded by Richard Gisser who headed the institute 1987–1989 and again 1993–2001 (interim directorship was taken by social scientist Rainer Münz) and continues to be the institute’s deputy director and a leader of the research group on Demography of Austria.
In the period of 1985 to 2000, the institute and the research topic of demography received increasing attention, though there was some competition for scientific staff with the newly founded Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany.
After positive independent evaluations and the commitment of special funds, the ÖAW decided to substantially expand and internationalise the institute in 2001. Under the designated new director Wolfgang Lutz, the IfD changed its name and working language, employed more scientific and administrative staff, expanded its research agenda as well as its publication efforts and moved to new and successively larger premises in the 4th district (2002–2007 at Prinz-Eugen-Strasse 8-10, then 2007–2015 at Wohllebengasse 12-14).
Research activity at VID continued to expand and received favourable attention by policy-makers and scientific peers, which showed in VID members participating in or coordinating major research projects, for instance within the European Union’s Framework Programmes, and obtaining recognition by being awarded sizeable grants from the European Research Council (ERC). Director Wolfgang Lutz received the Wittgenstein Award in 2010 and, with the 1.5 million euro prize money, established the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital.
In 2016 Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, head of the Institute of Mathematical Methods in Economics at the Vienna University of Technology and long-time leader of the VID research group on Population Economics became executive director.
VID employs about 40 researchers, most of them from the fields of economics, mathematics/statistics, geography, health studies and sociology, to cover the major research topics of demography or population science: fertility, mortality and migration as well as a number of other fields of interest. Over time, the institute’s research focus has expanded from its core competences in Austrian and later European demography to a global perspective on the relevant issues of population and human capital development.
There are seven main areas of research, assigned to different research groups though there is considerable permeability and cooperation:
- Demography of Austria (led by Richard Gisser and Isabella Buber-Ennser)
- Comparative European Demography (Tomáš Sobotka)
- Population Dynamics and Forecasting (Sergei Scherbov)
- Population Economics (Michael Kuhn and Gustav Feichtinger)
- Health and Longevity (Marc Luy)
- Migration and Education (Jesús Crespo Cuaresma)
- Human Capital Data Lab (Anne Goujon)
In addition to the individual contributions of VID researchers to a number of scientific journals, the institute issues the following regular publications:
- Vienna Yearbook of Population Research (VYPR)—since 2003, the "Yearbook" features peer-reviewed research articles (in English) addressing population trends as well as a broad range of theoretical and methodological issues in population research, usually taking the form of the proceedings of last year’s VID/Wittgenstein conference, which is always dedicated to a particular demographic topic. Besides that, the VYPR also publishes Demographic Debates with invited contributions on topics related to the ongoing scientific arguments in the field. Finally, contributions on Data & Trends map long-term developments as well as recent trends in various components of population change in Austria and in Europe.
- Demografische Forschung aus erster Hand—a newsletter in German language (in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research), for information of journalists and policymakers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, approx. four times a year
- VID Working Papers—occasional articles in English, mostly by VID researchers
- Forschungsberichte (Research Reports)—occasional articles, mostly in German and also usually by VID researchers
- European Demographic Data Sheet—every other year, VID presents the relevant data on a selected topic (such as ageing, migration, fertility etc.) on an A1-size poster with maps and figures
- List of Academy institutes published by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy
- Der Standard, 31. January 2011: "Vienna Wittgenstein Centre aims for top position among demography institutes worldwide" (in German)
- European Demographic Information Bulletin (December 1979), Volume 10, Issue 4, pp. 163–164
- Activity Report of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, chapter on IfD on p.222ff. (published in the IAEA archive)
- "Twenty Years Institute of Demography: Activities 1987–1996", in: Demographische Informationen (1995/96), pp. 5-8 (JSTOR quotation)
- "WU welcomes the Austrian Academy of Sciences to its new Department Building 5". WU (Vienna University of Economics and Business). Retrieved 2018-01-24.
- Tiroler Tageszeitung of 4 September 2015: "Multiple anniversaries for Vienna’s Demography"
- Announcement by the German Statistical Society (DStatG)
- Academy entry about VID, giving the current directorships
- Details on the VID history taken from the anniversary brochure 40 years of the Vienna Institute of Demography 1975–2015, Vienna, 2015, Wittgenstein Centre, VID, ÖAW
- Families in Austria, results of the Generations and Gender Survey 2009–2013
- Bongaarts, John; Sobotka, Tomáš (2012). "A demographic explanation for the recent rise in European fertility". Population and Development Review. 38 (1): 83–120. doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2012.00473.x.
- Sanderson, W.C.; Scherbov, S. (2010). "Remeasuring Aging". Science. 329 (5997): 1287–1288. doi:10.1126/science.1193647. PMID 20829469.
- The Cloister Study, a longitudinal study on longevity among monks and nuns
- e.g., Lutz, W.; Muttarak, R.; Striessnig, W. (2014). "Universal education is key to enhanced climate adaptation". Science. 346 (6213): 1061–1062. doi:10.1126/science.1257975. PMID 25430758., Sanderson, W.C.; Scherbov, S. (2005). "Average remaining lifetimes can increase as human populations age". Nature. 435 (7043): 811–813. doi:10.1038/nature03593. PMID 15944703.
- JSTOR entry for VYPR
- Press release by MPDR, 26 March 2004
- "European Demographic Data Sheet 2016 - News 2016 - IIASA". www.iiasa.ac.at. Retrieved 2018-01-24.