Victorino de la Plaza y Palacios (November 2, 1840 – October 2, 1919) was, the President of Argentina from 9 August 1914 to 11 October 1916.
Victorino de la Plaza
|President of Argentina|
August 10, 1914 – October 11, 1916
|Preceded by||Roque Sáenz Peña|
|Succeeded by||Hipólito Yrigoyen|
|Vice President of Argentina|
October 12, 1910 – August 9, 1914
|President||Roque Sáenz Peña|
|Preceded by||José Figueroa Alcorta|
|Succeeded by||Pelagio Luna|
|Born||November 2, 1840|
|Died||October 2, 1919 (aged 78)|
|Political party||National Autonomist Party|
|Spouse(s)||Epifanía Ecilda Belvis Castellanos (1870–1875)|
As the second son of José Roque Mariano de la Plaza Elejalde and Manuela de la Silva Palacios; his older brother, Rafael de la Plaza, was also a politician and acted as governor of Santiago del Estero Province.
He studied law in Buenos Aires and obtained his doctorate in 1868, became secretary of Dalmacio Vélez Sársfield and collaborated on the writing of the Argentine Civil Code, and was Treasury Minister under Nicolás Avellaneda (1876), later Interventor in Corrientes Province (1878) and Foreign Minister (1882) and Treasury (1883–1885) during the first Julio Argentino Roca administration. He was elected vice president for the National Union presided by Roque Sáenz Peña in 1910, and assumed the presidency after the death of Sáenz Peña and governed between 1914 and 1916. He died of pneumonia after retiring from politics.
He was the last president of what was called the conservative period of Argentinean history. This period began in 1880 and culminated with La Plaza's loss of the presidency to the Radical Civic Union. This was all thanks to the Sáenz Peña Law, which established secret, compulsory voting for all those on the electoral register, thanks to Compulsory military service.
Childhood and early lifeEdit
Victorino de La Plaza was born on November 2nd 1840, in Payagosta, Salta Province, Argentina. He was the son of Jose Mariano Roque de La Plaza y Elejalde, and Maria Manuela Palacios. His brother was Rafel de La Plaza, who was governor of the province of Santiago del Estero. Upon his Father's death, his mother took charge of raising the Children.
Victorino began his scholastic education at an Argentine public school, yet he stayed in that school for a short period of time, because he entered a Franciscan convent. During his childhood he did a little bit of work, he sold newspapers, sweets and empanadas that were prepared by his mother. After this, he began working as an attorney and as a scribe. Subsequently he passed and examination before the Supreme Court of Justice, for which he obtained the title of rotary in 1859.
He gained a scholarship granted by the government of the Confederation which allowed him to enter the Colegio de Uruguay. It is unknown exactly when he was admitted, but it is known that it was between 1859 and 1862. After this period of his education, he went to Buenos Aires, to enter Buenos Aires University. He proved to be an outstanding student and thus, this allowed President Mitre to appoint him to the position of Second Clerk, of the National Accounting Office. He was first appointed scribe, though, in 1864.
Victorino De La Plaza had a distinctly short military career. When the Triple Alliance War began, he abandoned his university studies to join an Artillery Regiment. He was chosen to be an assistant to General Julio de Vedia; a member of the Argentinian military with a prominent role against the Mapuches and in the Triple Alliance War, who was also Governor of the Chaco National Territory. He fought in the Battles of Estero Bellaco, on May 2, 1866, and the Battle of Tuyuti on May 24th of the same year. Subsequently the Government of Uruguay awarded him both the Silver Sol medal for his actions in the battle of Estero Bellaco and with the award of the Cords of Honor for his performance at the Battle of Tuyuti. Bartolome Mitre, promoted him to the rank of Captain, and have him a mention for his heroism. However, although he had performed exceptionally well he had to return to Buenos Aires due to the fact that he suffered from health problems.
Upon his return to Buenos Aires, he enrolled in the Law faculty at Buenos Aires University. He graduated on July 13th, 1868 with his thesis called Credit as Capital. His godfather was Dalmacio Velez Sarsfield. Whom he worked, as a scribe, for while Dalmacio was drafting the Civil code.
Entrance into politics, and early political career.Edit
- "Tribunal Electoral Permanente de la Provincia de Jujuy". www.tribelectoraljujuy.gov.ar. Retrieved 2020-05-09.
- Castro, Nelson, 1955- (2009). La sorprendente historia de los vicepresidentes argentinos (1ra ed.). Barcelona: Vergara, Grupo Zeta. ISBN 978-950-15-2423-9. OCLC 441455151.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)