Victorine Studios

Victorine Studios (French: Studios de la Victorine) are a film studio in the French city of Nice. They are also known as the Nice Studios. Several small studios have also existed in the city.

The Entrance to the Studios.

They were built in 1921 in an attempt to create a Hollywood-style studio on the French Riviera.[1] The major figures behind the new venture were the producers Louis Nalpas and Serge Sandberg. Originally constructed in the early glasshouse style, it was soon converted into a more modern electrified design.[2] It had seven sound stages.[3] They worked in parallel with the other main French studios which were clustered in Paris. A key figure in the development of the Victorine was the producer Louis Nalpas. A second studio complex was located in Nice, Saint-Laurent-du-Var Studios which existed from 1920 to 1944.

During the Second World War, the studios took on greater importance. Following the defeat of France, half of the country was occupied by Germany including the capital at Paris. Nice was located in the southern zone of Vichy France. Many technicians and actors fled south to avoid the Nazis, and found work in productions at the Victorine.

Immediately after the war, the studios resumed their subordinate role to Paris and production there was irregular.[4]

For a while (2000–2017), they were managed by a private company and were renamed "Studios Riviera" but the city decided to rebuy them on November 2017 and gave back to them their original name.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Crisp p.95
  2. ^ Crisp p.96
  3. ^ Crisp p.118
  4. ^ Crisp p.118
  5. ^ "Nice reprend les studios de la Victorine pour les relancer" [The city of Nice gets back the Victorine studios in order to give them a new impulse]. lefigaro.fr (in French). 14 November 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2018.

BibliographyEdit

  • Crisp, C.G. The Classic French Cinema, 1930-1960. Indiana University Press, 1993.