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List of viceroys of Portugal

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The Viceroy of Portugal was the political chief of the Kingdom of Portugal and the highest representative of the King of Portugal during the period of the Iberian Union, when a personal union existed between the monarchies of Portugal and Spain.

Viceroy of Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal (1640).svg
ResidenceRibeira Palace
AppointerKing of Portugal
Formation18 July 1580
First holderDuke of Alba
Final holderDuchess of Mantua
Abolished1 December 1640


According to what was established in the Cortes of Tomar in 1581, the regency of the Kingdom of Portugal always had to be trusted by the king to a Portuguese, or in alternative to a member of the Royal Family. This was, in a general way, fulfilled, having during two periods the regency been trusted to a governmental council called Government Junta of the Kingdom of Portugal.


Picture Viceroy From Until Monarch
  Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba 18 July 1580 11 December 1582  
Philip I of Portugal
  Albert VII, Archduke of Austria 11 February 1583 5 July 1593
  1st Regency Council
Presided by Miguel de Castro, Archbishop of Lisbon
João da Silva, 2nd Marquis of Gouveia
Francisco de Mascarenhas, 1st Count of Santa Cruz
Duarte de Castelo Branco, 1st Count of Sabugal
Miguel de Moura
5 July 1593 1598
  Francisco Gómez de Sandoval, 1st Duke of Lerma 1598 29 January 1600  
Philip II of Portugal
  Cristóvão de Moura, 1st Marquis of Castelo Rodrigo 29 January 1600 1603
  Afonso de Castelo Branco, Bishop-Count of Coimbra 1603 24 May 1605
  Pedro de Castilho, Bishop of Leiria 24 May 1605 February 1608
  Aleixo de Menezes, Archbishop-Primate of Braga 1612 1615
  Miguel de Castro, Archbishop of Lisbon 1615 10 May 1619
  Diogo da Silva e Mendonça, 1st Marquis of Alenquer 10 May 1619 1 September 1621
  2nd Regency Council
Presided by Martim Afonso Mexia, Bishop-Count of Coimbra
Diogo de Castro, 2nd Count of Basto
Nuno Álvares Pereira Colón de Portugal, 3rd Duke of Veragua
1 September 1621 30 August 1623  
Philip III of Portugal
  3rd Regency Council
Presided by Diogo de Castro, 2nd Count of Basto
Afonso Furtado de Mendonça, Archbishop of Lisbon
Diogo da Silva, 5th Count of Portalegre
30 August 1623 1631
  4th Regency Council
Presided by António de Ataíde, 5th Count of Castanheira
Nuno de Mendonça, 1st Count of Vale de Reis
1631 March 1632
  Nuno de Mendonça, 1st Count of Vale de Reis March 1632 12 May 1633
  João Manuel de Ataíde, Archbishop of Lisbon 12 May 1633 4 July 1633
  Diogo de Castro, 2nd Count of Basto 4 July 1633 23 December 1634
  Margaret of Savoy, Duchess of Mantua 23 December 1634 1 December 1640

See alsoEdit