Veragua or Veraguas was the name of five Spanish colonial territorial entities in Central America, beginning in the 16th century during the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

The term was based on a Central American indigenous peoples name for the region. It was used for colonial territories in present-day Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama.

Territorial entitiesEdit

The Spanish colonial territorial entities with the name Veragua include:

Governorate of Veragua — 1502–1537Edit

Duchy of Veragua — 1537–1560Edit

  • The Duchy of Veragua, created in 1537 from the Gobernación de Veragua in territory now belonging to Panama. The first duke was Luis Colón y Toledo, grandson and heir of Columbus, who received the title after a long lawsuit with the Crown of Castile. In 1556 he returned the territory to the Crown but retained the ducal title.

Royal Veragua — 1537–1540Edit

Province of Veragua — 1560–1821Edit

  • The Province of Veragua, formed in 1560 from territories formerly in the Duchy of Veragua. Its first governor was Francisco Vázquez. This territory, slightly expanded to the west and the south, became a dependency of the Intendencia of Panama, and in 1821, of the Republic of Colombia.

Present dayEdit

Veraguas Province

See alsoEdit


  • This article is a free translation of the article Veragua at the Spanish Wikipedia, accessed February 2, 2007.