Corporación Venezolana de Televisión (Spanish for: Venezuelan Television Corporation) or VTV is a state-run television station based in Caracas, Venezuela, which can be seen throughout the capital and surrounding areas on channel 8. Programs that can be seen on VTV included Aló Presidente and Telesur Noticias.
|Picture format||SDTV 480p|
(State-owned enterprise under administration of the Ministry of Popular Power for Communication and Information)
|Launched||August 1, 1964|
|Analog VHF||Channel 8 (listings may vary)|
|Digital UHF||Channel 22.1|
During the Bolivarian government, VTV has been used by the government to campaign against Venezuela's opposition and Venezuela's privately owned media, with about 75% of its programming transmitted to Venezuelans consisted of Bolivarian propaganda. In 2004, VTV produced another telenovela, Amores de Barrio Adentro, but it was only seen once a week and lasted only a few months. In August 2014, VTV celebrated its 50th anniversary.
Private channel (1964–1974) Edit
Cadena Venezolana de Televisión (CVTV) was inaugurated as a privately owned television station on August 1, 1964, at 7:30 p.m. President Raúl Leoni was chosen to be the one to cut the ribbon. Despite its name, however, it was not a nationwide television network at first, broadcasting in the Caracas area during its first years. Only in the late 1960s did the channel become a national network with the opening of stations in major cities nationwide, and became the first network to produce and broadcast a color program in 1971.
The first logo of VTV thus was the company name (CVTV) on a number 8 (reflecting its channel number in Caracas).
State channel (1974- present) Edit
In September 1974, CVTV, after prolonged financial problems due to its competition with the better-established privately owned television networks in Venezuela, Radio Caracas Televisión and Venevisión, was purchased by the Venezuelan government and rebranded as Venezolana de Televisión (VTV). Between 1974 and 1980, VTV was funded in whole by the government, but due to an internal economic crisis, VTV was forced to air advertisements for extra revenue (this has no longer been occurring since Hugo Chávez became president in 1999). It now only broadcasts program previews and government ads instead.
After June 1, 1979, VTV, as well as the other television networks in Venezuela, were allowed, by the government of President Luis Herrera Campins, to transmit completely in color using the NTSC-M system. By 1980, the transition was complete, and VTV was then rebranded as the VTV Network (VTV Red) until 1982, together with Televisora Nacional, the other state-owned television channel in Venezuela and the first television station to be established, thus briefly uniting channels 5 and 8 into one national network.
In 1990, VTV, after a government decision to close the Televisora Nacional due to the economic situation of the country, merged it with the latter and thus began simulcasting on channel 5, system M, color NTSC (starting midday). This simulcast lasted until December 4, 1998, when the government handed over the signal of channel five to the Archbishopric of Caracas, which gave birth to Vale TV.
In 1999, VTV used a logo identical to the nicknamed "Exploding Pizza" ident used by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. By 2014, became the first Latin American station to broadcast Russia's RT Actualidad's newscast.
VTV has several times been targeted during coup attempts. VTV was a target in the 27 November 1992 coup attempt. Military officers, in rebellion against President Carlos Andrés Pérez, attacked the station, and ten station employees were killed.
Bolivarian government Edit
Under the Bolivarian government, VTV has been used by the government as an instrument to campaign against Venezuela's opposition and Venezuela's privately owned media with about 75% of its programming transmitted to Venezuelans consisted of Bolivarian propaganda. On the evening of the 11 April 2002 coup attempt against Chávez, Enrique Mendoza, then governor of Venezuela's Miranda State, while being interviewed by Venevisión announced "a esa basura de canal la vamos a cerrar" ("We are going to shut down that trashy channel"), referring to VTV. Hours later, the Miranda state police occupied VTV and forced it off the air. It remained off the air until April 14, 2002, when Chávez was returned to power.
During the Venezuelan general strike of 2002–03, VTV would share ads depicting Venezuelans waiting in line for gas canisters with a voice saying "The opposition unleashed terrorism on the Venezuelan people and it led to hunger and unemployment. Thanks to the new PDVSA, PDVSA is for all of us, all of us are PDVSA". VTV would also alter images of pro-government rallies to make them appear larger and used outdated videos to attack opposition members or former supporters. In February 2004, the president of state television station Venezolana de Television (VTV) stated that VTV was not a state television station but a station of President Chávez's political party. VTV also aired ads showing the September 11 attacks, comparing them to the opposition stating "The people know who the terrorists are". In 2005, the program Dossier was cancelled after its host and producer, Walter Martinez, accused the government of corruption.
- VTV's current president is Jesús Romero Anselmi. Former VTV presidents include Vladimir Villegas (who is the brother of Ernesto Villegas), Andrés Izarra, Blanca Eeckout, Maripili Hernández, and back in the 1980s and 1990, journalist Marta Colomina and Napoleon Bravo.
- Jesús Romero Anselmi was the president of VTV before Vladimir Villegas became its president in 2002. In 2005, Romero Anselmi returned to the presidency of VTV.
- During Rafael Caldera's second term as president, there were plans to privatize VTV. It failed when it was realized that VTV would probably not be profitable.
- Maya, Margarita López (2014). "Venezuela: The Political Crisis of Post-Chavismo". Social Justice. 40 (4): 68–87.
on the flagship national public channel, Venezolana de Televisión, three of every four hours of transmission featured official propaganda
- Mayobre, José Antonio (1993). La labor de Sísifo: los intentos de reformar la televisión en Venezuela (in Spanish). Monte Avila Editores Latinoamericana. p. 154. ISBN 978-980-01-0626-6.
- Leoni, Raúl (1968). Documentos presidenciales: 11 marzo 1964-11 marzo 1965 (in Spanish). Oficina Central de Información. p. 176.
- Hernández Díaz, Gustavo (2008). Las tres "T" de la comunicación en Venezuela. Televisión, teoría y televidentes (in Spanish). Universidad Catolica Andres. p. 67. ISBN 978-980-244-550-9.
- Alvaray, Nathalie; Arenas, Zamawa (1992). La oferta de la televisión venezolana: estudio de un día de programación en 13 televisoras (in Spanish). Tkachenko, Anacristina. Fundación Carlos Eduardo Frías. p. 41.
- Mayobre, 1993, p. 152.
- Quiñones, Bisbal; Quiñones, Rafael (2007). ¿Instrumento de gobierno o institución estatal?. Vol. 139. Comunicación. p. 64.
- Human Rights Watch (2008). A decade under Chavez: political intolerance and lost opportunities for advancing human rights in Venezuela (PDF). Human Rights Watch. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-56432-371-2.
According to a recent study based on four days' programming in 2006, more than half of VTV's output was devoted to progovernment news and opinion programs heavily biased against the opposition and in favor of the government view.
- Human Rights Watch (2008). A decade under Chavez: political intolerance and lost opportunities for advancing human rights in Venezuela. Human Rights Watch. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-56432-371-2.
- "The ABCs Of The Venezuelan Government's Political Propaganda Strategy". WikiLeaks. Government of the United States. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- Sreeharsha, Vinod (November 22, 2005). Telesur tested by Chávez video. The Christian Science Monitor.
- "Comunicación", Volumes 133-136. Boletín "Comunicación". 2006.