Velká pardubická

Velká pardubická is a famous cross-country steeplechase run in Pardubice, Czech Republic since 1874. It takes place every year on the second Sunday in October.

The length of the steeplechase is 6.9 km (4 miles 506 yards), with 31 obstacles. It usually takes 9–10 minutes to finish the course; the record is 8:56.01 set by Ribelino in 2015.

Horses starting in the race must be at least six years old (prior to 2009, the minimum age was seven years); Czech horses must qualify by finishing at least one of four qualifying races during the season.

HistoryEdit

The race was first run in 1874 in Pardubice, a town long known in the horse racing world, as some trainers and jockeys from England came there to work. The current steeplechase course was established in 1856, however the course first took its present-day form in the years just after the Second World War.[1]

The course of the race has been changed several times, most recently in 1998 when the direction of the final phase of the race was changed to accommodate the new grandstand. The surface of the racecourse is mainly grass, but one-quarter of the race is run through ploughed fields, which used to take almost half of the race in the past. Some obstacles have also been changed, mostly to improve safety, although the difficulty of the race is said to have suffered as a result.[1]

ObstaclesEdit

Horses must negotiate a total of 31 obstacles.[2] These are:

  • 1 - Hedge (1.2m)
  • 2 - Hedge with ditch (1.3m, with a 60 cm ditch on the other side)
  • 3 - Small water jump (3m long)
  • 4 - Taxis ditch. This is the most famous obstacle in the race, and it is jumped just once. 28 horses have died at this obstacle. In the past it consisted of a 2 m deep and 5 m long ditch hidden behind a 1.5 m high hedge. Nowadays, it is a 1 m deep and 4 m long ditch with a 1.5 m high hedge. This obstacle is used only for the Velká pardubická, and horses are not permitted to use it for training.
  • 5 - Irish bank. This unusual obstacle requires the horses to shimmy up and down a steep artificial bank.
  • 6 - Popkovic ditch. (1.3m hedge with a 2m long ditch on the other side)
  • 7 - French jump. A pair of closely spaced hedges, 1.2m and 1.3m in height, which must be jumped as one.
  • 8 & 9 - Small gardens. A pair of hedges, 1.25m and 1.3m in height, which are jumped in quick succession.
  • 10 - English jump. (1.2m hedge with a ditch on the takeoff side)
  • 10a - Extended taxis ditch. (Small hedge, about 1.1m tall, which joins with the main taxis ditch)
  • 11 - Hedge with ditch. (1.3m, with a ditch on the landing side)

CuriositiesEdit

Historically, the most successful horse in the race was Železník. The horse won the race four times (from 1987 to 1989 and again in 1991).

Josef Váňa Sr. is the most successful jockey, having achieved eight victories, and he is also a very well known celebrity in the Czech Republic. There is a 2012 movie about him (Váňa, directed by Jakub Wagner). He has also trained 10 winners of the Velká Pardubická and six horses which have finished in second place.

The first (and only woman) to have won the race as of 2019 is Countess Lata Brandisová (1896-1981), who won in 1937 with her mare, Norma - seven lengths ahead of the professional jockey Willibald Schlagbaum in second place. Only 10 of the 15 runners finished. She was the first woman to enter the race in 1927 (falling five times and remounting to finish fifth). In later years she came in fourth, third and second on Norma.[3]

The 1937 Grand Pardubice was the last race held for nearly a decade. The 1938 race was called off following the Munich agreement and not run during World War II.

WinnersEdit

Year Winning Horse Age Handicap (kg) Jockey Trainer Owner Winning Time
2019   Theophilos 9 70   Josef Bartoš   Josef Váňa sr. Dostihový klub iSport-Váňa 9m 28.76s
2018   Tzigane du Berlais 7 70   Jan Faltejsek   Pavel Tůma Dr. Charvát 9m 05.56s
2017   No Time To Lose 8 70   Jan Kratochvíl   Josef Váňa sr. DS Paragan 9m 39.98s
2016   Charme Look 9 70   Jan Faltejsek   Martina Růžičková Orling 9m 42.86s
2015   Ribelino 7 68   Pavel Kašný   Stanislav Kovář Lokotrans 8m 56.01s
2014   Orphee des Blins 12 66   Jan Faltejsek   Grzegorz Witold Wroblewski DS Pegas 9m 08.25s
2013   Orphee des Blins 11 66   Jan Faltejsek   Grzegorz Witold Wroblewski DS Pegas 9m 33.22s
2012   Orphee des Blins 10 66   Jan Faltejsek   Grzegorz Witold Wroblewski DS Pegas 9m 13.39s
2011   Tiumen 10 68.5   Josef Váňa sr.   Josef Váňa sr. Köi Dent 9m 15.29s
2010   Tiumen 9 68   Josef Váňa sr.   Josef Váňa sr. Köi Dent 9m 03.73s
2009   Tiumen 8 68   Josef Váňa sr.   Josef Váňa sr. Köi Dent 9m 19.56s
2008   Sixteen[a] 8 66   Josef Bartoš   Josef Váňa sr. Jaroslav Bouček Buc-Film 8m 58.99s
2007   Sixteen 7 66   Dušan Andrés   Josef Váňa sr. Jaroslav Bouček Buc-Film 9m 18.66s
2006   Decent Fellow 11 67   Josef Bartoš   Josef Váňa sr. Dr. Charvát 9m 20.60s
2005   Maskul 11 67   Dirk Fuhrmann   František Holčák Nýznerov 9m 11.25s
2004   Registana 8 65   Peter Gehm   Čestmír Olehla Wrbna Racing 9m 15.48s
2003   Registana 7 65   Peter Gehm   Čestmír Olehla Wrbna Racing 9m 30.14s
2002   Maskul 8 67   Peter Gehm   Radek Holčák Nýznerov 10m 22.07s
2001   Chalco 9 67   Peter Gehm   Josef Váňa sr. Viktor Komárek 10m 04.52s
2000   Peruán 12 67   Zdeněk Matysík   Lenka Horáková DC Zámrsk - MUDr. Bruna 9m 29.00s
1999   Peruán 11 67   Zdeněk Matysík   Lenka Horáková DC Zámrsk - MUDr. Bruna 9m 16.00s
1998   Peruán 10 67   Zdeněk Matysík   Lenka Horáková DC Zámrsk - MUDr. Bruna 10m 10.01s
1997   Vronsky 9 67   Josef Váňa sr.   Josef Váňa sr. Viktor Komárek 10m 33.30s
1996   Cipísek 8 64.5   Vladislav Snitkovskij   Josef Váňa sr. Stáj Luka 9m 35.10s
1995   It's a Snip 10 67   Charlie Mann   Charlie Mann The Icy Fire Partnership 10m 03.43s
1994   Erudit 8 65.5   Vladislav Snitkovskij   František Holčák Pěník Vlachovice 10m 06.07s
1993   Rigoletto 9 70.5   Libor Štencl   František Holčák Valstav-Paschal 10m 29.0s
1992   Quirinus 10   Jaroslav Brečka   Pavel Kalaš Pôdohospodárske družstvo Senica 10m 09.1s
1991   Železník 13 83   Josef Váňa sr.   Čestmír Olehla Státní statek Bruntál - Světlá Hora 10m 01.0s
1990   Libentína 7   Karel Zajko   František Holčák ŠPP Motěšice 9m 49.4s
1989   Železník 11 81   Josef Váňa sr.   Čestmír Olehla Státní statek Bruntál - Světlá Hora 10m 16.3s
1988   Železník 10 80   Josef Váňa sr.   Čestmír Olehla Státní statek Bruntál - Světlá Hora 10m 59.8s
1987   Železník 9 80   Josef Váňa sr.   Čestmír Olehla Státní statek Bruntál - Světlá Hora 9m 56.13s
1986   Valencio 9   Karel Zajko   František Holčák JZD Velké Karlovice 10m 39.4s
1985 Festival 11   Petr Vozáb   Václav Čermák PP Kladruby 10m 36.4s
1984 Erot 9   N. Chludějev   G. Chajanin Hřebčín Voschod 10m 48.9s
1983   Sagar 8   Pavel Liebich   Václav Čermák PP Kladruby 10m 28.0s
1982   Sagar 7   Pavel Liebich   Václav Čermák PP Kladruby 10m 12.04s
1981   Sagar 6   Pavel Liebich   Václav Čermák PP Kladruby 12m 46.37s
1980 Simon 9   Vlastimil Knápek   Květoslav Mocek JZD Pokrok Otice 11m 47.53s
1979 Legenda 6   Jiří Chaloupka   Jiří Chaloupka JZD Čebín 11m 07.10s
1978 Lancaster 6   Jiří Kasal   Harry Petrlík PP Šamorín 11m 30.60s
1977 Václav 9   Václav Chaloupka   Václav Chaloupka Státní statek Židlochovice 12m 15.20s
1976 Limit 8   František Zobal   František Janík PP Albertovec 10m 59.40s
1975   Mor 11   Karel Benš   František Janík PP Albertovec 11m 01.70s
1974   Mor 10   Karel Benš   František Janík PP Albertovec 10m 42.70s
1973  Stephen's Society 7   Christopher Collins Arthur W. Stephenson Christopher Collins 10m 04.90s
1972   Korok 13   Václav Chaloupka   Václav Chaloupka Státní statek Židlochovice 10m 55.20s
1971   Korok 12   Václav Chaloupka   Václav Chaloupka Státní statek Židlochovice 11m 02.80s
1970 Vezna II 6   Nedělko G. Milev   Petko Vladimirov DZS St. Karadža 11m 41.20s
1969   Korok 10   Václav Chaloupka   Václav Chaloupka Státní statek Židlochovice 11m 01.20s
1968 cancelled[b]  
1967   Dresděn 8   A.N. Sokolov JO Avangard Lvov 11m 34.70s
1966 Nestor 7   Tibor Kňazík ŠPU Prešov 12m 22.60s
1965   Mocná 7   František Vítek Státní statek Benešov 10m 39.60s
1964   Priboj 7   Valentin Z. Gorelkin   Ivan Avdějev DSO Urožaj 11m 33.60s
1963   Koran 12   František Vítek SPÚ Tlumačov 10m 47.20s
1962   Gaboj 6   Rostislav P. Makarov   Ivan Avdějev DSO Urožaj 10m 05.10s
1961   Grifel 8   Ivan L. Avdějev   Ivan Avdějev Hřebčín č. 158 10m 21.30s
1960   Grifel 7   Ivan L. Avdějev   Ivan Avdějev Hřebčín č. 158 12m 32.00s
1959   Epigraf 10   Vladimir P. Prachov   Valerian Kujbyšev CKSK MO 12m 05.20s
1958   Epigraf 9   Vladimir P. Prachov   Valerian Kujbyšev CKSK MO 13m 11.00s
1957   Epigraf 8   Vladimir N. Fedin   Valerian Kujbyšev CKSK MO 11m 27.90s
1956   Letec 11   Josef Vavroušek Státní statek Xaverov 13m 14.80s
1955   Furioso XIV 7   Josef Čajda ŠŽ Topoľčianky 11m 32.10s
1954   Unkas 14   Ludvík Raimond Jiskra Moravský Beroun 13m 08.00s
1953   Junák 10   Ferdinand Palyza DSO Slavoj Opava 11m 13.50s
1952   Vítěz 13   Miloš Svoboda Družstvo Kalich 11m 25.30s
1951   Salvátor 10   Vladimír Hejmovský Sokol KP Opava 10m 58.00s
1950   Var 11   Josef Jungmann Sokol Borek 11m 17.20s
1949   Učeň 11   Oldřich Dostál VSJ Pardubice 10m 55.30s
1948   Var 9   Miroslav Kotek Vojenský útvar 2108 11m 03.30s
1947   Rayon De Lune 12   Maurice Buret Centre Nat. d. Sports Equesters 10m 30.30s
1946   Titan 9   Miloš Svoboda Vojenský útvar 2228 11m 56.40s
1938–1945 cancelled[c]  
1937   Norma 10   Lata Brandisová[3] Karel Šmejda Zdenko Radslav Kinský 10m 47.00s
1936   Herold 11   Oskar Lengnik Kerpen Oskar Lengnik 10m 47.00s
1935   Herold 10   Oskar Lengnik Oskar Lengnik 10m 41.40s
1934   Wahne 11   H. Wiese H. Wiese H. Wiese 12m 44.00s
1933   Remus 8   Reguiero Spano Dr. Alfred Tonelles 11m 24.60s
1932   Remus 7   Reguiero Spano Dr. Alfred Tonelles 12m 48.80s
1931   Pohanka 5   F. Durand Karel Šmejda Zdenko Radslav Kinský 14m 47.80s
1930   Gyi Lovam! 8   Rudolf Popler Rudolf Popler Cpt. Rudolf Popler 12m 00.00s
1929   Ben Hur 7   Gustav Schwandt Gustav Schwandt Gustav Schwandt 12m 37.00s
1928   Vogler 8 Hans Schmidt Feldwebel H. Nünninghoff 12m 03.90s
1927   Forum   Josef Charous Cpt. J. Charous 14m 00.00s
1926 All Right II 7   Rudolf Popler Lufta Stáj P.F. 17m 44.60s
1925   Landgraf II 7   Karek Holoubek Stáj Max 19m 19.20s
1924 Herero Eduard Stärz Eduard Stärz Stáj Sankt Georg 13m 10.00s
1923   Landgraf II 5   Jan Pintér Martinkovich Stáj Max 13m 29.00s
1922 Baldur   František Gimpel Buřival Lady Huntingghost 15m 27.00s
1921 Periwig 7   Josef Syrový Oldřich Rosák A. Vaněk 15m 32.00s
1920 Jonathan 5   K. Kozlík Jan Pálffy 20m 15.00s
1914–1919 cancelled[d]  
1913[e] Hurain W. Reimer
Dick Turpin 10 F. Janek Lt. B. Rosenthal 11m 11.50s
1912[e] Hurain W. Reimer
Jamagata 6  František Bartosch  František Bartosch František Bartosch 11m 39.40s
1911   Glenmorgan 6 J. Egan-Krieger J. Egan-Krieger Count Frankenberg 10m 22.00s
1910   Paul Heston 5 Max Seiffert K.A. Wuthenau 14m 26.50s
1909 race void[f]  
1908 cancelled[g]  
1907   Kourgan 6 J. Birghan Rottman P. Mecklenburg 11m 24.60s
1906 Tigra 4   Harry H. Huxtable Wheeler Anton Dreher 12m 10.60s
1905   Scotch Moor 10 Max Seiffert Feldwebel Knesebeck
1904 Dennis 6   Thomas H. Buckenham Walter Earl Prince Karel Kinský
1903 Jour Fix 7 Oldřich Rosák Ness Van Emil von David jr. 12m 04.00s
1902 Jour Fix 6 Oldřich Rosák Hough Emil von David jr.
1901 Chorazy 6   Frederick E. Slinn 1st Lt. E. Koller
1900 Magyarád 8   Thomas H. Buckenham Ralph Heath Hřebčín Obora
1899 Sláva   Thomas H. Buckenham Ralph Heath Count Zdenko Kinský
1898   Handy Andy R. Jekyll H.Brown Jr. Gustav Beit
1897 Magyarád 5   Edward Geoghegan Ralph Heath Count Zdenko Kinský
1896   Lady Anne 10   Edward Geoghegan George Herbert Jacques Schawell
1895   Galamb II 4   Arthur Hall John Pache Robert Lebaudy
1894   Lady Anne 8   Edward Geoghegan George Herbert Jacques Schawell
1893 Hadnagy 7   George Williamson Hansi Fries General Count H. Lamberg
1892 Alphabet 7 John Westlake Count Rudolf Ferdinand Kinský
1891   Lady Anne 5   Richard Harry Fletcher George Herbert Jacques Schawell
1890 Alphabet 5   George Williamson Count Rudolf Ferdinand Kinský
1889 Parisis 6   Richard Harry Fletcher 1st Lt. Alex Kutchenbach
1888   Et Caetera 4 M. Phillips Count Nicolo Esterházy
1887 Woodman 9   Hector Baltazzi Hector Baltazzi
1886   Hanno 4   Richard Harry Fletcher Ferdinand Schosberger
1885 Abracadabra 6 Hansi Fries Hansi Fries Count Nicolo Esterházy
1884   Jessica 6   Willie Moore Oscar Oehlschläger
1883 Victoria 10   Hector Baltazzi George Herbert Jacques Schawell
1882   Per Dampf 5 T. Harraway Baron E. Falkenhausen
1881 Victoria 8   Hector Baltazzi George Herbert Jacques Schawell
1880 Good Morning 4 M. Phillips Ralph Heath G.F.J. Smith (Zd. Kinský)
1879 Rudi 5 I. Hanreich John Beeson Count Nicolo Esterházy
1878 Brigand 8   Fritz Reichsgraf Wolff-Metternich zur Grachth John Reeves Count Tassilo Festetics
1877 Brigand 7   Fritz Reichsgraf Wolff-Metternich zur Grachth John Reeves Count Tassilo Festetics
1876 cancelled[h]  
1875 Brigand 5   George Herbert John Reeves Count Tassilo Festetics
1874   Fantome 6   George Sayers Baron von Cramm
  1. ^ In 2008, Amant Gris finished first but was disqualified for taking the wrong course.
  2. ^ The 1968 race was cancelled due to the Soviet Union occupation of the Czechoslovakia Prague Spring.
  3. ^ The race was not run in 1938–1945 due to Nazi occupation and the Second World War.
  4. ^ The race was not run in 1914–1919 due to the First World War.
  5. ^ a b The 1912 and 1913 race were dead heats.
  6. ^ The 1909 race was declared void as none of the three horses that ran finished.
  7. ^ The 1908 race was cancelled due to snow.
  8. ^ The 1876 race was cancelled due to frost.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b http://www.vpcp.cz/en/history.html History of the Velká Pardubická České pojišťovny
  2. ^ Obstacles
  3. ^ a b Richard Askwith (2019). Unbreakable: The Woman Who Defied the Nazis in the World's Most Dangerous Horse Race. Yellow Jersey Press.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 50°01′19″N 15°44′46″E / 50.0219°N 15.7460°E / 50.0219; 15.7460