Veiled Vestal

The Veiled Hestia is an 1847 sculpture by Rafaelle Monti. The work was commissioned by William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire during an 1846 trip to Naples. It is a representation of a Vestal Virgin, the priestesses of the Ancient Roman goddess Vesta. The subject was popular at this time due to the then recent discovery of the House of the Vestals in Pompeii. The depiction of translucent fabrics was popular at the time and Monti was requested to use the technique in this sculpture. Monti completed the sculpture in April 1847 and it was afterwards displayed at Cavendish's West London Chiswick House.

A front quarter view of the sculpture

The Veiled Vestal was moved to Chatsworth House, the seat of the Cavendish family, in 1999. In 2005 it appeared in Joe Wright's Pride and Prejudice film. The sculpture was featured prominently in a scene where the protagonist Elizabeth Bennet visits Pemberley, the house of Mr. Darcy. One critic noted that the sculpture was used as a representation of Elizabeth, with the flame representing her sexual desire and the veil her failure to see Darcy "for what he is". In 2019 the sculpture was transported to New York to feature in a 12-week exhibition of works from Chatsworth.

DescriptionEdit

The sculpture is a marble representation of a veiled Vestal Virgin, the priestesses of Vesta, goddess of hearth and home, whose duty it was to keep a sacred fire burning in her temple in Ancient Rome. The Vestal Virgins were a popular subject of the time following the discovery of the House of the Vestals in Pompeii in the previous century.[1] The choice of a veiled figure continued a trend for sculptors of the time to depict flowing fabrics in marble form, a revival of a practice used by ancient sculptors.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Detail from Sanmartino's Veiled Christ

William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire commissioned the sculpture from Rafaelle Monti on 18 October 1846, having visited Monti's studio a week earlier. Cavendish gave Monti a £60 deposit (equivalent to £6181 today) for the work on 19 October.[1][3] Cavendish requested a depiction, in marble, of a veiled woman. Such sculptures, imitating translucent fabrics, were popular at the time and Cavendish's close friend, the sculptor Antonio Canova, was a particular admirer of Giuseppe Sanmartino's 1753 Veiled Christ.[3] Monti completed the sculpture by April 1847.[1]

Cavendish appears to have displayed the work at his west London Chiswick House.[1] The sculpture made Monti famous in his field. After joining the failed 1848 revolutions against Austrian rule, he moved to London where he became known for creating works similar to the Veiled Vestal. Monti used the "veiled virgin" motif in many sculptures and helped to inspire a "cottage industry" for this type of figure.[3] He became a busy commercial artist and his veiled A Circassian Slave in the Market Place at Constantinople (afterwards also purchased by Cavendish) was featured in the Great Exhibition of 1851 along with the Vestal Virgin and other examples of his work.[4][3][5] Despite this Monti ended his career in debt, forced to sell his sculpting tools, and died in 1881 in the house of German watchmaker in London.[3]

The Veiled Vestal was brought to Chatsworth House, which remains the seat of the Cavendish family, in 1999.[1] In May 2019 the sculpture was removed from public display and transported to Sotheby's, New York, where it formed part of the 12-week Treasures from Chatsworth exhibition, designed by David Korins. The 42 items in the exhibition were selected by Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire and his wife Amanda.[2]

Appearance in Pride and PrejudiceEdit

 
Front view

In 2005 the sculpture appeared in Joe Wright's film Pride and Prejudice. Chatsworth House stood in for the book's Pemberley estate, the home of Mr. Darcy.[6] In the film Elizabeth Bennet, played by Keira Knightley, pays a visit to Pemberley and is given a tour of the house. One scene shows her in the house's sculpture gallery. The first sculpture shown is the Veiled Vestal, with the camera focusing on the figure's face whilst panning around it. It then cuts to show a wider view with Elizabeth closely regarding the figure's face while the camera pans around the rear of the sculpture. Elizabeth then moves away after glancing at the rest of the figure.[7]

The scene was written to be set in a gallery of paintings but was altered to make use of the sculpture gallery at Chatsworth.[8] Later in the scene Elizabeth views other sculptures in the gallery and it ends with her long contemplation upon a bust of Mr. Darcy, her future husband.[7]

Susan Felleman (2014) suggests that the sculpture is used in the film as a representation of Elizabeth. She considers that the figure's flame reflects Elizabeth's "virginal sexual desire" and the veil represents the things that have previously "prevented her from seeing Darcy for what he is". She also notes that Vesta's role as the goddess of hearth and home, with traditional links to wifely duties, represents Elizabeth's potential as a wife to Darcy.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "A veiled Vestal Virgin". Chatsworth House.
  2. ^ a b "Watch as One 'Treasure from Chatsworth' Prepares to Travel 3,400 Miles to New York". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gihring, Tim. "Secrets of the veiled lady: The passion and politics behind Mia's marble masterpiece". Minneapolis Institute of Art. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  4. ^ Knight, Charles (1858). The English Cyclopaedia. London: Bradbury and Evans. p. 317.
  5. ^ Piggott, Jan (2004). Palace of the People: The Crystal Palace at Sydenham 1854–1936. London: C. Hurst. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-85065-727-9.
  6. ^ a b Felleman, Susan (2014). Real Objects in Unreal Situations: Modern Art in Fiction Films. Bristol, UK: Intellect Books. p. 167. ISBN 978-1-78320-250-8.
  7. ^ a b Joe Wright (director) (2005). Pride & Prejudice (motion picture).
  8. ^ "Pride and Prejudice". Chatsworth House. Retrieved 2 January 2021.