Vaughn Bodē (//; July 22, 1941 – July 18, 1975) was an American underground cartoonist and illustrator known for his character Cheech Wizard and his artwork depicting voluptuous women. A contemporary of Ralph Bakshi, Bodē has been credited as an influence on Bakshi's animated films Wizards and The Lord of the Rings. Bodē has a huge following among graffiti artists, with his characters remaining a popular subject.
|Born||July 22, 1941|
Utica, New York
|Died||July 18, 1975 (aged 33)|
San Francisco, California
|Awards||Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist, 1969|
Yellow Kid Award, 1974
Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame, 2006
|Spouse(s)||Barbara Hawkins (m. 1961, divorced 1972)|
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In 1963, at age 21, and while living in Utica, New York, Bodē self-published Das Kämpf, considered one of the first underground comic books. Created after Bodē's stint in the U.S. Army, Das Kampf has been called "a war-themed spoof on Charles Schulz's 1962 book Happiness is a Warm Puppy." With money borrowed from his brother Vincent, Bodē photocopied about 100 copies of the 52-page book and (mostly unsuccessfully) attempted to sell it around the Utica area. In the mid 1960s Bodē was living in Syracuse, New York, attending classes at Syracuse University and contributing to The Sword of Damocles, a student-run, though not university-sanctioned, humor magazine similar to The Harvard Lampoon. It was here that Bodē's most famous comic creation, Cheech Wizard, first saw publication. Cheech Wizard (sometimes characterized as a "cartoon messiah") is a wizard whose large yellow hat (decorated with black and red stars) covers his entire body except his legs and his big red feet. Cheech Wizard is constantly in search of a good party, cold beer, and attractive women. Usually depicted without arms, it is never actually revealed what Cheech Wizard looks like under the hat, or exactly what kind of creature he is, although in the episode entitled "The Unmasking of Cheech Wizard", when he "doffs the hat", it is evident that underneath was a low-rent Oz man all along (in an interview, reference is made to the frontal lump in the hat caused by crossed arms). Characters pressing the issue generally are rewarded with a swift kick to the groin by Cheech. After an initial run in The Sword of Damocles, the strip continued for a few more years in The Daily Orange, the student-written newspaper at Syracuse University.
In 1968, Bodē illustrated the cover & interior art for R. A. Lafferty's science fiction novel Space Chantey, published by Ace Double. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, he illustrated covers and interior art for the science fiction digests Amazing Stories, Fantastic, Galaxy Science Fiction, Witzend and Worlds of If.
Discovered by fellow cartoonist Trina Robbins, Bodē moved to Manhattan in 1969 and joined the staff of the underground newspaper the East Village Other. It was here that Bodē met Spain Rodriguez, Robert Crumb and other founders of the quickly expanding underground comics world. At the East Village Other, he helped found Gothic Blimp Works, an underground comics supplement to the magazine, which ran for eight issues, the first two edited by Bodē.
Bodē's post-apocalyptic science fiction action series Cobalt 60 featured an antihero wandering a devastated post-nuclear land, seeking to avenge the murder of his parents. Cobalt-60 debuted as a ten-page black-and-white story in the science fiction fanzine Shangri L'Affaires (a.k.a. Shaggy) #73, published in 1968. Bodē won the 1969 Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist largely on the strength of Cobalt 60, but he never did anything else with the character. (Cobalt-60 was later "completed" in the early 1980s by Bodē's son Mark Bodé, with stories by Larry Todd, who was Vaughn's friend and collaborator in the 1960s on projects for Eerie, Creepy, and Vampirella magazines.)
Beginning in 1968 and continuing until his untimely death, Bodē entered a prolific period of creativity, introducing a number of strips and ongoing series, most of which ran in underground newspapers or erotic magazines:
- Bodē's strip War Lizards, a look at the Vietnam War from the hostile stance of the period's counterculture, was told with anthropomorphic reptiles instead of people. It ran sporadically in the East Village Other, Witzend, Pig Society, and Bodē's own Junkwaffel from 1969–1972.
- Bodē's comic strip Deadbone, about the adventures of the inhabitants of a solitary mountain a billion years in the past, ran in the men's magazine Cavalier from 1969–1975. Originally in black-and-white, when colored the strip changed its title to Deadbone Erotica and later simply to Erotica.
- Episodes of Cheech Wizard ran in the "Funny Pages" of ;;National Lampoon;; magazine in almost every issue from 1971 to 1975.
- Bodē's black-and-white science fiction parody Sunpot appeared in Galaxy Science Fiction in the early 1970s. (It was later republished, in color, in Heavy Metal.)
- Bodē's monthly comic strip feature Purple Pictography ran in Swank magazine in 1971–1972. (Bernie Wrightson did the painted art for five of Purple Pictography episodes based on Bodē's scripts and rough layouts.)
Print Mint published four issues of Bodē's solo series Junkwaffel from 1971–1974. Bodē's graphic novel The Man, published by Print Mint in 1972, is about a caveman who accidentally makes important observations about life.
Cartoon Concert tourEdit
Beginning in 1972, Bodē toured with a show called the "Cartoon Concert", that featured him vocalizing his characters while their depictions were presented on a screen behind him via a slide projector. The first of these was presented in October 1972 at the Detroit Triple Fan Fair in front of 80 people. He next did the "Concert" at Bowling Green State University, and eventually performed it at several comic book conventions, including the November 1972 Creation Con in New York City. Observing the crowd reaction, The Bantam Lecture Bureau immediately signed him on, and the show became very popular on the college lecture circuit. Bodē even performed it at the Louvre, in Paris.
Bodē was born in Utica, New York, the son of Kenneth and Elsie Bodé. His surname suggests German heritage. Vaughn was one of four children, including his older brother Victor and younger siblings Vincent and Valerie. Vaughn's father was an alcoholic; he started drawing as a way of escaping a less-than-happy childhood. Bodē's parents divorced when he was around ten years old, and he was sent to live with an uncle near Washington, D.C.
Bodē married Barbara Hawkins at age 20 in 1961. Their son Mark was born in 1963. Barbara divorced Bodē in 1972, and he moved to San Francisco in 1973 (with some of his underground contemporaries, including Robbins and Spain).
Around 1970–1971, conversations with the guru Prem Rawat and fellow cartoonist Jeffrey Catherine Jones (with whom Bodē shared a studio in Woodstock, New York) led Bodē to cross-dressing, transvestism, and even a short-lived experiment with female hormones. Bodē described his sexuality as "auto-sexual, heterosexual, homosexual, mano-sexual, sado-sexual, trans-sexual, uni-sexual, omni-sexual."
Bodē's death was due to autoerotic asphyxiation. His last words were to his son: "Mark, I've seen God four times, and I'm going to see him again soon. That's No. 1 to me, and you're No. 2." Thirty-three years old at the time of his death, Bodē's ashes were dropped from a Cessna airplane over the waters off the coast of Point Reyes.
He left behind a library of sketchbooks, journals, finished and unfinished works, paintings, and comic strips. Most of his art has since been published in a variety of collections, mostly from Fantagraphics.
Bodē was a friend of animator Ralph Bakshi, and warned him against working with Robert Crumb on the animated film adaptation of Crumb's strip Fritz the Cat. Bodē has been credited as an influence on Bakshi's films Wizards and The Lord of the Rings.
Bodē has a huge following among graffiti artists and his work can often be seen replicated in the world of street art. As the original New York graffiti train writers (such as DONDI) chose to replicate his characters, images from his work have remained popular throughout the history of graffiti.
His son Mark Bodé is also an artist, producing works similar to the elder Bodē's style, and further cementing his father's legacy. In 2004, Mark completed one of his father's unfinished works, The Lizard of Oz, a send-up of The Wizard of Oz, starring Cheech Wizard one more time.
The Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist was bestowed upon him in 1969, and he was nominated for Best Professional Artist the following year. He also won the Yellow Kid Award, awarded by the International Congress of Cartoonists and Animators at the Italian Lucca comics festival, in 1974. He was a finalist for induction into the Eisner Hall of Fame in 1998 and 2002, before finally being inducted in 2006.
- Das Kämpf (self-published, 1963) — re-issued in 1977 by Walter Bachner and Bagginer Productions with paste-up, layout, and lettering by Larry Todd)
- Deadbone/Deadbone Erotica/Erotica (Cavalier, May 1969–August 1975 [with the exception of April 1975])
- Sunpot (Galaxy Science Fiction, 1970s/republished in Heavy Metal, April–July 1977)
- Purple Pictography (Swank, August 1971–April 1972) — monthly comic strip feature
- Cheech Wizard (National Lampoon, 1971–1975) — monthly feature
- Junkwaffel (4 issues, Print Mint, 1971–1974) — final issue, #5, published by Last Gasp, and includes some reprints from the first four issues
- The Man (Print Mint, 1972)
From 1988 to 2001, Fantagraphics published a 14-volume series of Vaughn Bodē work titled, The Bodē Library.
- Vaughn Bodē's Erotica vol. 2, 1988, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 48 pages ISBN 978-0930193553
- Deadbone, 1989, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 64 pages ISBN 978-0930193980
- Cheech Wizard vol. 1, 1990 Fantagraphics (Seattle), 68 pages ISBN 978-1560970422
- Vaughn Bodē Diary Sketchbook #1, 1990, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 64 pages ISBN 978-1560970286
- Vaughn Bodē Diary Sketchbook #2, 1990, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 64 pages ISBN 978-1560970446
- Vaughn Bodē Diary Sketchbook #3, 1991, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 64 pages ISBN 978-1560970538
- Cheech Wizard vol. 2, 1991, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 68 pages ISBN 978-1560970545
- Junkwaffel vol. 1, 1993, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 84 pages ISBN 978-1560970866
- Junkwaffel vol. 2, 1995, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 80 pages ISBN 978-1560971108
- Vaughn Bodē's Erotica vol. 1, 1996, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 48 pages ISBN 978-1560973072. Note, this reprints the 1983 edition published by Last Gasp.
- Vaughn Bodē's Erotica vol. 3, 1997, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 48 pages ISBN 978-1560972679
- Vaughn Bodē's Erotica vol. 4, 1997, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 56 pages ISBN 978-1560972839
- Lizard Zen, 1998, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 48 pages ISBN 978-1560973096
- Schizophrenia, 2001, Fantagraphics (Seattle), 138 pages ISBN 978-1560973713
Other collected material:
- The Collected Cheech Wizard (Company & Sons, 1972)
- Orange Bode: Vaughn Bode At Syracuse's Daily Orange - An Annotated Catalog (Bob Coughlin/Chimneysweep Nostalgia Co., 1978) — 160pp.
- Poem-Toons (Kitchen Sink Press/Tundra Publishing, 1989)
- Cobalt 60 Book One (Tundra Publishing, 1992) — created by Vaughn Bodē, illustrated by Mark Bodé, written by Larry Todd. ISBN 1-879450-35-6
- Vaughn Bode: Rare And Well Done (Pure Imagination, 2004) — fanzine and small press work
- "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JKJW-KZ6 : accessed 21 Feb 2013), Vaughn Bode, July 1975; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
- Bob Levin. "I See My Light Come Shining," The Comics Journal vol. 5, (March 2005). Archived at The Official Bodē website. Accessed Feb. 18, 2016.
- As explained by Bodē's friend Fred A. Levy Haskell, in the collection "Vaughn Bodē's Poem Toons" (Tundra Publishing, 1989),"the line over the 'e' in Vaughn's signature is not an acute accent, it is a long mark. That is, it is not part of the family name, and is not pronounced as if it were a long 'a' — he added it to his signature to indicate that you are supposed to pronounce the long 'e' at the end of his name."
- Harmanci, Reyhan, "The Bay Citizen: In Finishing Comics, a Son Completes a Legacy," New York Times (July 1, 2010).
- "The 2006 Eisner Award Winners". San Diego Comic-Con. Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- Fox, M. Steven. "Das Kämpf", ComixJoint. Accessed Dec. 29, 2016.
- witzend. Fantagraphics Books. 8 July 2014. pp. 293–. ISBN 978-1-60699-744-4.
- Frucci, Angela (2004-05-31). "Following a Wiz to a Far-Out Oz; A Son Completes the Legacy Of an Underground Cartoonist". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- Zagria. "Vaughn Bodé (1941 - 1975)," A Gender Variance Who's Who (15 June 2009).
- Gibson, Jon M.; McDonnell, Chris (2008). "Fritz the Cat". Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi. Universe Publishing. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-7893-1684-4.
- Beck, Jerry (2005). "Wizards". The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 317. ISBN 978-1-55652-591-9.
- Lenburg, Jeff (2006). "Bakshi, Ralph". Who's who in Animated Cartoons. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-55783-671-7.
- Fox, M. Steven. "Das Kämpf", ComixJoint. Accessed Dec. 1, 2016.