Varbitsa Pass

Varbitsa Pass (Bulgarian: Върбишки проход [vɐrˈbiʃki ˈprɔxot]) is a mountain pass in the Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina) in Bulgaria. It connects Shumen and Petolachka crossroads.

Varbitsa Pass
Varbishki prohod 2.jpg
Elevation900 m (2,953 ft)
Traversed byRoad
RangeBalkan Mountains
Coordinates42°55′39″N 26°40′6″E / 42.92750°N 26.66833°E / 42.92750; 26.66833

The famous Battle of Pliska was fought in the pass on July 26, 811 between the armies of Bulgarian Empire led by Khan Krum and the Byzantine Empire under Nicephorus I which ended with a decisive Bulgarian victory and the death of the Byzantine Emperor.[1][2]


  1. ^ Zlatarski, Vasil N. (1918). Medieval History of the Bulgarian State, Vol I: History of the First Bulgarian Empire, Part I: Age of Hun-Bulgar Domination (679-852) (in Bulgarian). Sofia: Science and Arts Publishers, 2nd Edition (Petar Petrov, Ed.), Zahari Stoyanov Publishers, 4th Edition, 2006. ISBN 954-739-928-4. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Runciman, Steven (1930). A History of the First Bulgarian Empire. G. Bell & Sons, London. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)