A vaginal septum is a vaginal anomaly that is partition within the vagina; such a septum could be either longitudinal or transverse. In some affected women, the septum is partial or does not extend the length or width of the vagina. Pain during intercourse can be a symptom. A longitudinal vaginal septum develops during embryogenesis when there is an incomplete fusion of the lower parts of the two Müllerian ducts. As a result, there may appear to be two openings to the vagina. There may be associated duplications of the more cranial parts of the Müllerian derivatives, a double cervix, and either a uterine septum or uterus didelphys (double uterus). A transverse septum forms during embryogenesis when the Müllerian ducts do not fuse to the urogenital sinus. A complete transverse septum can occur across the vagina at different levels. Menstrual flow can be blocked. and is a cause of primary amenorrhea. The accumulation of menstrual debris behind the septum is termed cryptomenorrhea. Some transverse septa are incomplete and may lead to dyspareunia or obstruction in labour.
|Classification and external resources|
|ICD-9-CM||752.49, 752.47, 752.46|
- Vagina, Anatomical Atlases, an Anatomical Digital Library (2018)
- Media related to Vaginas at Wikimedia Commons
- Heinonen, Pentti K. (2006-03-01). "Complete septate uterus with longitudinal vaginal septum". Fertility and Sterility. 85 (3): 700–705. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2005.08.039. ISSN 0015-0282.
- Perez-Brayfield MR, Clarke HS, Pattaras JG (September 2002). "Complete bladder, urethral, and vaginal duplication in a 50-year-old woman". Urology. 60 (3): 514. doi:10.1016/S0090-4295(02)01808-3. PMID 12350504.
- "Urology Care Foundation - What Causes Congenital Vaginal Obstruction?". www.urologyhealth.org. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
- Üstün Y; Üstün YE; Zeteroğlu Ş; Şahin G; Kamacı M (2005). "A Case of Transverse Vaginal Septum Diagnosed During Labour" (PDF). Erciyes Medical Journal. 27 (3): 136–138.
- Dey, Pranab (2017-02-06). Essentials of Gynecologic Pathology. JP Medical Ltd. ISBN 9789386261205.