The visible and near-infrared (VNIR) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum has wavelengths between approximately 400 and 1400 nanometers (nm). It combines the full visible spectrum with an adjacent portion of the infrared spectrum up to the water absorption band between 1400 and 1500 nm. Some definitions also include the short-wavelength infrared band from 1400 nm up to the water absorption band at 2500 nm. VNIR multi-spectral image cameras have wide applications in remote sensing and imaging spectroscopy.Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite carried two VNIR instruments
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electromagnetic radiation at wavelengths extending from 100 nm in the ultra-violet, through the visible (400-700 nm), and the near infrared (700-1400 nm), to the far infrared (1400 nm – 1 mm).
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