VDNKh (Moscow Metro)

VDNKh (Russian: ВДНХ) is a Moscow Metro station in Ostankinsky District, North-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, Russia. It is located on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line, between Alekseyevskaya and Botanichesky Sad stations.

VDNKh

ВДНХ
Moscow Metro station
MosMetro VDNH asv2018-01.jpg
General information
LocationOstankinsky District
North-Eastern Administrative Okrug

Moscow
Russia
Coordinates55°49′16″N 37°38′28″E / 55.8211°N 37.6411°E / 55.8211; 37.6411Coordinates: 55°49′16″N 37°38′28″E / 55.8211°N 37.6411°E / 55.8211; 37.6411
Owned byMoskovsky Metropoliten
Line(s)#6 Kaluzhsko–Rizhskaya line Kaluzhsko–Rizhskaya line
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
ConnectionsMonorail: #M1 Moscow Monorail at Vystavochny Tsentr
Bus: м9, 15, 33, 56, 76, 85, 93, 136, 154, 172, 195, 244, 286, 375, 378, 379, 533, 544, 803, 834, 903, т13, т14, т76
Tram: 11, 17, 25
Construction
Depth53.5 metres (176 ft) (deepest from Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line)
Platform levels1
ParkingNo
Other information
Station code090, VS
History
Opened1 May 1958; 64 years ago (1958-05-01)
Previous namesVSKhV (1958—1959)
Services
Preceding station   Moscow Metro   Following station
Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line
toward Medvedkovo
Location
VDNKh is located in Moscow Metro
VDNKh
VDNKh
Location within Moscow Metro

VDNKh was opened on 1 May 1958. The name stands for Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy Vystavka Dostizheniy Narodnovo Khozyaystva (abbreviated VDNKh). The station features pylons faced with white marble and decorated with circular ventilation grilles.

VDNKh was designed by Nadezhda Bykova, I. Gokhar-Kharmandaryan, Ivan Taranov, and Yu. Cherepanov.

VDNKh is one of the deepest Metro stations being situated 53.5 metres (176 ft) below ground. It is also one of the busiest stations, serving 107,377 passengers a day in 2009.[1]

Originally, this station was planned to be opulently decorated in the manner of the other stations built in the 1950s, with mosaics by venerable artist Vladimir Favorsky along the insides of the arches between the pylons. However, in the wake of Nikita Khrushchev's attack on decorative "excessions", the place for mosaics, including existing mosaics as well, were crudely coated with incongruous thick green paint.

The original circular vestibule is located on the west side of Prospekt Mira, in front of the Space Obelisk.

In 1996, the station got an additional pavilion for entrance-exit needs at the southern side of the station.

It was the deepest station in Moscow Metro from 1958 until 1979.

TransfersEdit

Though not directly connected to VDNKh, Moscow Monorail station Vystavochny Tsentr is located within walking distance.

In popular cultureEdit

VDNKh is featured as the home of Artyom, the main protagonist in the novel and video game Metro 2033.

The station was also featured in the tenth leg of The Amazing Race 13.

The station is in the first chapter of Night Watch (Lukyanenko novel). The book refers to this station being one of the older stations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Пассажиропотоки 2009 год. Олимп (in Russian). Archived from the original on 28 September 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010.