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Used coffee grounds in boxes.

Used coffee grounds are the waste product from brewing coffee, in the final stages of coffee preparation. In the late 19th century, used coffee grounds were used to adulterate pure coffee.[1]

Contents

UsageEdit

In gardensEdit

 
Composting worms moving about in used coffee grounds.

In gardens, coffee grounds may be used for composting or as a mulch[2] as they are known to slowly release nitrogen into the soil. The dry coffee grounds contain significant amounts of potassium (11,700 mg/kg), magnesium (1,900 mg/kg), and phosphorus (1,800 mg/kg).[3] They are especially appreciated by worms and acid-loving plants such as blueberries,[4] although due to acids being leached from the grounds while in use, they typically have a neutral pH. Used coffee grounds are particularly noted as a soil amendment.[5] Gardeners have reported the use of used coffee grounds as a slug and snail repellent,[2][6] but this has not yet been scientifically tested.[7] Some commercial coffee shops run initiatives to prevent the grounds from going to waste, including Starbucks' "Grounds for your Garden" project,[8] and community sponsored initiatives exist, such as "Ground to Ground".[9]

Use in fortune tellingEdit

In divination and fortune-telling the patterns of coffee grounds are used for predictions.

Other usesEdit

Initiatives have succeeded using coffee grounds as a substrate for the cultivation of mushrooms (including oyster mushrooms).[10][11] Used coffee grounds have other homemade uses in wood staining, air fresheners, and body soap scrubs.[2] They may also be used industrially in biogas production or to treat wastewater.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pendergrast, Mark "Uncommon grounds : the history of coffee and how it transformed our world" 2010 Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-02404-9
  2. ^ a b c "Don't Throw Out Your Leftover Coffee Grounds!". Huffington Post. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  3. ^ Ballesteros, Lina F.; Teixeira, José A.; Mussatto, Solange I. (December 2014). "Chemical, Functional, and Structural Properties of Spent Coffee Grounds and Coffee Silverskin". Food and Bioprocess Technology. 7 (12): 3493–3503. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  4. ^ Martin, Deborah L; Gershuny, Grace, eds. (1992). "Coffee wastes". The Rodale book of composting. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-87857-991-4. Retrieved January 5, 2010.
  5. ^ "Coffee Grounds Perk up Compost Pile With Nitrogen". Life at OSU. 10 June 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  6. ^ "NORTH COAST GARDENING: Winter vegetable growing". Eureka Times-Standard. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  7. ^ a b Chalker-Scott, Ph.D, Linda (2009). "Coffee grounds— will they perk up plants?" (PDF). Master Gardener. Puyallup Research and Extension Center, Washington State University. Retrieved 25 December 2014.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Coffee for Your Plants? Starbucks Offers Free Coffee Grounds for Gardeners". Starbucks.com. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  9. ^ "About Us | Coffee Grounds to Ground". Groundtoground.org. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  10. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Zelf oesterzwammen kweken op basis van ... koffiegruis?
  11. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Oesterzwammen en koffiedik?