Urumita is a town and municipality of the Colombian Department of La Guajira.

Urumita
town
Flag of Urumita
Official seal of Urumita
Nickname(s): 
"The Garden of La Guajira"
(Spanish: El Jardin de La Guajira)
Location of the town and municipality of Urumita in the Department of La Guajira.
Location of the town and municipality of Urumita in the Department of La Guajira.
CountryColombia
RegionCaribbean
DepartmentLa Guajira
FoundationOctober 3, 1785 by Juan Bautista Canalete
Government
 • MayorEunice Murgas Saurith (L)[1]
Area
 • Total329 km2 (127 sq mi)
Elevation
255 m (837 ft)
Population
 (Census 2018[2])
 • Total10,198
Time zoneUTC-5
ClimateAw
Website
urumita-guajira.gov.co/
*

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Urumita is located on the Serranía del Perijá mountain range with part of its territory covering the valley of the Cesar River towards the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range. The municipality seat of Urumita is however located on a flat area some 45 km away from the capital of the Department of Cesar, Valledupar and some 175 km from the capital city of the Department of La Guajira, Riohacha.[3]

Urumita limits to the north with the municipality of Villanueva in a 36 km borderline; to the south with the municipality of La Jagua del Pilar sharing approximately 50 km; to the east with Venezuela, sharing 10 km; and to the west with the municipality of Valledupar sharing 15 km covering a total area of 329 km².[3]

ClimateEdit

Climate in the municipality of Urumita is very warm to hot with an average temperature throughout the year of 28 °C or 82.4 °F varying only slightly over the year.[4] There is a lengthy rainy season from April to November, with a slightly drier period mid-year, and a short, very dry season from mid-December to March. Under the Köppen climate classification, Urumita has a tropical savanna climate, labelled Aw on climate maps.

Climate data for Urumita
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.6
(92.5)
34.6
(94.3)
34.3
(93.7)
33.1
(91.6)
33.1
(91.6)
34.1
(93.4)
34.1
(93.4)
33.0
(91.4)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
32.1
(89.8)
33.4
(92.1)
33.2
(91.9)
Average low °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
21.4
(70.5)
22.0
(71.6)
22.8
(73.0)
22.8
(73.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.5
(70.7)
22.1
(71.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.4
(0.17)
13.1
(0.52)
35.0
(1.38)
111.3
(4.38)
172.6
(6.80)
123.5
(4.86)
90.2
(3.55)
112.8
(4.44)
147.5
(5.81)
187.3
(7.37)
119.6
(4.71)
47.7
(1.88)
1,165
(45.87)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 1 1 3 8 15 13 10 15 16 17 10 3 112
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.6 8.2 7.3 5.8 5.5 5.8 6.7 6.3 5.4 5.7 6.4 7.4 6.6
Source: Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales[5]

HistoryEdit

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish colonizers, the area of Urumita was inhabited by indigenous peoples pertaining to the Chimila. At the time of the Spanish arrival in the early 16th Century, the area was governed by a cacique named Uruma. After a period of conquest and colonization by the Spanish, on October 3, 1785 Juan Bautista Canalete founded the village of Urumita. The village became part of the jurisdiction of the municipality of Villanueva within the Government of Santa Marta. It was later made part of the Province of Padilla.[6]

In 1972 Urumita became an autonomous corregimiento by Ordinance 043 of 1971 until 1978 when the Urumita was segregated from the municipality of Villanueva and became a relative status by Ordinance 016 of the same year. In 1982 the previous ordinance of 1978 is reconfirmed by ordinance 036 of 1982 rectifying the limits with Villanueva.[6]

CultureEdit

The region has a large presence of Calagualas, a plant considered medicinal. It is used in various ways by the population of Urumita, and it is part of its popular culture. The locals celebrate the Festival y Reinado de las Flores y la Calaguala (Festival and Pageant of the Flowers and the Calaguala) in honor of the plant.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Spanish) Colombian Registry of the Civil State: 2007 election results
  2. ^ "Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2018" (in Spanish). DANE. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b (in Spanish) Urumita: geography[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ (in Spanish) Urumita: climate[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Data". www.ideam.gov.co. Retrieved 2020-06-23.
  6. ^ a b (in Spanish) Urumita: History[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ (in Spanish) Urumita: Culture[permanent dead link] It is also featured in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's classic novel One Hundred Years of Solitude.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 10°34′N 73°01′W / 10.567°N 73.017°W / 10.567; -73.017