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Urfa biber (also known as isot pepper) is a dried Turkish chili pepper of the type Capsicum annuum cultivated in the Urfa region of Turkey. It is often described as having a smoky, raisin-like taste.[1] Urfa biber is technically a red pepper, ripening to a dark maroon on the plant. The peppers go through a two-part process, where they are sun-dried during the day and wrapped tightly at night. The night process is called 'sweating', and works to infuse the dried flesh with the remaining moisture of the pepper.[2] The result is an appearance ranging from deep purple to a dark, purplish black. Urfa biber is less spicy than many other chili peppers, but provides a more lasting build of heat.

Urfa biber
SpeciesCapsicum annuum
OriginUrfa, Turkey
Heat Hot
Scoville scale30,000–50,000 SHU

The pungency of the urfa biber is 30,000–50,000 SHU on the Scoville scale.[citation needed]

Traditionally used in Turkey in meat and savoury foods.[3]

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