The Upnor Formation is a geological formation found in the London Basin of southeastern England. It is of Thanetian (Upper Paleocene) age. It lies unconformably on the Thanet Formation for most of its outcrop, but in the west it lies directly on Chalk Group.[1] It is generally overlain either by the Reading Formation or the Woolwich Formation, but locally in north and east Kent it is overlain unconformably by the Harwich Formation. It forms the lowermost part of the Lambeth Group. The type section is at Lower Upnor Pit, north Kent.

Upnor Formation
Stratigraphic range: Thanetian
Lambeth Group Gilbert's Pit.jpg
Exposure in Gilbert's Pit. Dark grey clays, and light grey shelly clays of the Woolwich Formation overlying yellow-brown weathering sands of the Upnor Formation
Unit ofLambeth Group
UnderliesReading Formation, Woolwich Formation
OverliesThanet Sand, Chalk Group
Thickness<2 - 15 m
Regionsouthern England
ExtentLondon Basin
Type section
Named forUpnor


  1. ^ "Upnor Formation". The BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units. British Geological Survey. Retrieved 31 July 2016.