This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (October 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Unwound was an American post-hardcore band based in Tumwater/Olympia, Washington. Formed in 1991, the band consisted of Justin Trosper (vocals, guitar, songwriting), Vern Rumsey (bass), and Brandt Sandeno (drums), all of whom had previously been in a band called Giant Henry. Brandt Sandeno quit Unwound in 1992 and was replaced by Sara Lund. This line-up would remain in place until the band's dissolution in 2002. The group was strongly associated with the label Kill Rock Stars throughout the 1990s. Unwound was sharply dissonant and angular, often resorting to unusual guitar tones, and associated with post-hardcore and noise rock. The band toured frequently, preferring "all ages" clubs and are noted for their strong DIY ethic. The group spawned numerous side projects.
Vocalist and guitarist Justin Trosper and drummer Sara Lund
|Origin||Tumwater/Olympia, Washington, United States|
|Genres||Post-hardcore, experimental rock, indie rock|
|Labels||Kill Rock Stars
Punk In My Vitamins?/Honeybear
Matador Records (Europe)
Rebel Beat Factory (Japan)
|Associated acts||Replikants, Long Hind Legs, The Young Ginns, Red Rumsey, Worst Case Scenario, The Corin Tucker Band, Giant Henry, Hungry Ghost, Flora v. Fauna, Survival Knife|
|Members||Justin Trosper (vocals, guitar)
Vern Rumsey (bass guitar)
Sara Lund (drums/percussion)
Brandt Sandeno (drums/percussion, keyboards)
David Scott Stone (guitar)
Unwound released a full demo tape in 1991, and recorded a mini-album in early 1992 (released as Unwound in 1995). Two songs from the demo tape later appeared on A Single History: 1991–1997. In July 1992 Sara Lund replaced her friend Sandeno. The band makes an appearance in the 1994 cult roadmovie Half-cocked. The group released several singles and albums, primarily on the Kill Rock Stars label, before disbanding on April 1, 2002, shortly after co-headlining that year's All Tomorrow's Parties festival. The fact that they broke up on April Fool's Day fueled speculation that they would, in actuality, remain together; an early band T-shirt had the inscription "Unwound 1991–2091". Unwound's Fake Train was the first full-length musical release on Kill Rock Stars; it had been strictly a spoken-word label until its owner Slim Moon attended an Unwound concert and decided he had to release their upcoming debut (though technically second) album. Unwound also had the maiden releases for several other key underground record labels, including Gravity Records and Troubleman Unlimited Records; side project Replikants had the first release on 5 Rue Christine, an esoteric KRS offshoot. Rumsey founded and ran Punk In My Vitamins? Records, releasing material by Lowercase, Yind, the Bangs, Karp, Thrones, Dub Narcotic Sound System and Chokebore. Trosper published several issues of his own underground rock fanzine in the early 1990s. Unwound and sonic/geographic contemporaries Sleater-Kinney were generally considered KRS's flagship bands of the 1990s; no other band released anywhere near as much material on KRS as these two did. Although Unwound was not part of the riot grrrl movement, the band supported gender equality.
Troubleman Unlimited's Mike Simonetti after hearing of the band's breakup posted a quick eulogy to Unwound on his record label's Web site: "Unwound were (and still are) beautiful people. Unwound was one of the most influential and vital bands of the '90s, and their last record was a masterpiece. You just don't know it yet. Unwound's influence will live on for a long time to come, and they were everything a band should be: independent and non-compromising in every aspect."
After Unwound broke up Vern Rumsey formed Flora v. Fauna. Sara Lund formed Hungry Ghost with Andrew Price from the Irving Klaw Trio as well as joining The Corin Tucker Band. In 2011, Brandt Sandeno and Justin Trosper formed Survival Knife. Live Leaves, a live album documenting various performances of the band's final tour in 2001 was released later in the year. An Unwound online archive, curated by members of the band, was also launched in anticipation to the new release.
In 2013 Unwound licensed their back catalog to The Numero Group. They released their pre-Unwound band, Giant Henry, on Record Store Day in 2013 and the first of a series of box sets later that year.
This section does not cite any sources. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Unwound's influences included Sonic Youth, Melvins, Fugazi, Wipers, Black Flag, Can, Mission of Burma, Hüsker Dü, Nation of Ulysses, Flipper, and Gang of Four. Evidence of the Black Flag influence can be seen in Trosper and Sandeno's side band with Tim Green (of Nation of Ulysses), The Young Ginns (named after Black Flag guitarist/songwriter Greg Ginn), and in their interpolation of Black Flag's lyric "I'm not a machine" in their song "Machine" (on Replikants' debut album). Trosper and Sandeno were also in a band called Worst Case Scenario that released an album on Vermiform Records. Unwound's early work was characterized by intense vocals, jagged guitar lines, and more complex drumming than the band's peers. Trosper's lyrics were highly existential, cryptic, and generally bleak. From this angular, atonal starting point, the band developed their signature sound over the course of several albums and numerous singles. With 1996's Repetition, Unwound added synthesizers to the mix. Free-jazz style saxophone found its way onto 1998's Challenge For A Civilized Society. The band recorded Peel sessions with John Peel at the BBC in 1998; these were broadcast over the radio, and were released as the semi-official bootleg Unwound - Live in London (on Love Letter). This new direction set a precedent that the band would follow for their remaining albums, culminating in the release of 2001's Leaves Turn Inside You, a double album the band recorded themselves over the course of two years. Unwound never covered any other artists' songs on their albums, though they did cover "Plight" by The Minutemen and Torch Song by the (pre Versus) band Flower on singles.
The band was known for its nonstop touring of the U.S. and Europe, and occasionally Japan. It shared stages over the years with the likes of the following, with earliest known date in parentheses: Sonic Youth ('95), Polvo ('95), Fugazi ('95), Hovercraft (European tour w/ them, '96), Lowercase, Polar Goldie Cats, Deerhoof ('98), Mogwai ('99), Slug (band) (the band, not the rapper), The PeeChees ('98), Clikatat Ikatowi (approx. '94), Chokebore, The Most Secret Method ('99), Yind ('99), Blonde Redhead ('95), Dub Narcotic Sound System, xbxrx (who formed after attending an Unwound concert in Biloxi, Mississippi, in 1998) (2001), Bikini Kill, and many more (members of Unwound and Yind occasionally performed live as "avant-Norge" "supergroup" Shag Bath). During their final (2001–02) tour, Unwound enlisted David Scott Stone as an additional guitarist and original drummer Brandt Sandeno on keyboards, percussion and guitar.
The band was known for having an all-ages policy at almost every concert which it headlined. This meant that they would often choose to play at unconventional locations such as basements, Jaycee halls, and college auditoriums, rather than at the traditional 18+ or 21+ (alcohol-serving) music clubs. They did this because they frequented all-ages shows in Olympia as teens, so they wanted to let fans of any age attend their own gigs.
Trosper played several kinds of odd guitars, including the Univox Hi-Flier (made famous by Kurt Cobain), generally preferring guitars with P-90 pickups. He sometimes played a clear Lucite (Plexiglas), Electra or Ventura, Japanese budget copy of the expensive originals designed by Dan Armstrong and produced by Ampeg. He sometimes used an Echoplex in the band's spacier ambient passages. Rumsey generally played a Fender Jazz Bass. He and Trosper often used Sunn and Kustom amplifiers, generally solid-state models; Trosper's main amp up to 1999 was a Sunn Concert Lead. Lund played a 1970s Ludwig drum kit.
Members of Unwound participated in a number of projects that ran concurrent to Unwound, each self-styled as highly conceptual and distinct from the parent band.
Trosper and Sandeno, who have collaborated musically since the mid-'80s, helmed an experimental venture called Replikants (not to be confused with the band Replicants, which featured members of Failure and Tool). Early on, they each acted as multi-instrumentalists for the group. Inspired by John Cage, Can, and Miles Davis, they combined jazz, ambient music, tape loops, musique concrète and vocal samples atop a krautrock-propelled base. Debut album This Is Our Message (1997) consisted of home recordings from 1994 to 1996 (the CD version contained ten bonus tracks not included on the vinyl version due to time constraints). William Goldsmith of The Foo Fighters and Sunny Day Real Estate played drums for a period in 1996 before they started playing with drummer Joe Plummer of Bare Minimum/ The Black Heart Procession and later of Modest Mouse and The Shins and a rotating cast of members. With more of an electro-rock sound, their second and final album Slickaphonics was released on 5RC in 1999.. A West Coast tour ensued that summer and after it, Trosper shelved Replikants to focus his energy on finishing Unwound's next (final) album. Sandeno and Trosper also collaborated with video artist Slater Bradley on a number of projects between 1999 and 2005 including a piece in the 2004 Whitney Biennial. They stopped performing as the Replikants in 2002.
Rumsey and friend Greg Allen recorded as enigmatic New Romantic-styled pop band Long Hind Legs in the 1990s. Rumsey used the pseudonym "Wolfgang" and Allen used the alias "Paul", with only astute Unwound fans aware of their real identities. Following a slew of singles, their debut self-titled album came out in 1997 on Kill Rock Stars. The 12" EP "Open Wide" (+ remixes)/ "Alphabets Of Unreason" was released simultaneously. Atop peppy, carnival-esque backing music, "Alphabets Of Unreason" features the odd lyrics, "Atoms, boys' cars, dead-end fags/ God, his image, and Jerry's Kids/ Love-making noon orgies/ I want to kill, I want to kill.../ Pills, quinine reveries... Scornful tramps, unwitting vamps, wasted xenophobes & all the young zeroes/ I want to kill, I want to kill..." (note the first letter of each of the main words in the verses, then refer back to the song title). The February 4–14, 1998 EP was released in 1998 on Kill Rock Stars.
Trosper and Sandeno also played together in two other bands, the Young Ginns, and Worst Case Scenario. The Young Ginns also featured Tim Green of The Nation Of Ulysses on guitar (Justin played bass). The project was first conceived in 1991 when Brandt and Justin were stuck at Tim's house while on tour with Unwound. The band later became a reality when Green moved to Olympia. They released a 7" on Gravity Records in 1993. In 1998, all their recordings were compiled and released on CD by Honey Bear Records. After the Young Ginns, Sandeno and Trosper formed Worst Case Scenario. Worst Case Scenario released two 7"s, one on Troubleman Unlimited and the other on Lookout! Records, and an album on Vermiform Records. Vermiform would release the group's entire discography on CD in 1997. Both the Young Ginns and Worst Case Scenario displayed a hardcore punk sound. Trosper and Sandeno formed Survival Knife in 2011.
Justin Trosper also performed in Severed Lethargy (with members of Bikini Kill) and Sara Lund and Vern Rumsey performed with the musical collective Witchypoo. Rumsey also played bass on Blonde Redhead's "Fake Can Just Be As Good" album. In 2010, Lund became drummer of The Corin Tucker Band, on which she works along the former Sleater-Kinney vocalist and guitarist, as well as with the Golden Bears' Seth Lorinczi.
Fake Train's cover art is simply a defiled copy of a Tom Jones LP cover which had been hanging over Trosper's doorway. The front cover photo to New Plastic Ideas is taken from the Philippe Entremont record Grieg: Concerto in A Minor for Piano and Orchestra. The cover and inner artwork of The Future of What are illustrations by Russian constructivist artist Yakov Chernikhov (1889–1951). A photo of Boston's stained-glass Mapparium adorns the cover of Challenge For A Civilized Society. Coincidentally, a similar photo of the Mapparium appeared on the cover of National Geographic magazine a month after Challenge was released.
LP versions of Unwound's albums generally came with elaborate additional artwork/lyric sheets that the CD versions lack.
|1991||Unwound (1)||Self-released (CS)||Recorded and released in October 1991. Track listing: "Bionic", "Whilst You're Ahead", "Lying at Best", "Crab Nebula", "Stumbling Block", "LD-Fifty", "Rubberband Heart", "Love & Fear"|
|1993||Fake Train||Kill Rock Stars (LP, CD, CS)||Recorded in January 1993, released in July 1993|
|1994||New Plastic Ideas||Kill Rock Stars (LP, CD, CS)||Recorded in November and December 1993, released in March 1994|
|1995||The Future of What||Kill Rock Stars (LP, CD, CS)||Recorded in December 1994, released in April 1995|
|1995||Unwound (2)||Punk In My Vitamins? (LP), Honey Bear (CD)||Recorded in May 1992, released in August 1995|
|1996||Repetition||Kill Rock Stars (LP, CD, CS)||Recorded in January 1996, released in April 1996|
|1998||Challenge for a Civilized Society||Kill Rock Stars (LP, CD, CS)||Recorded in August 1997, Released in January 1998|
|2001||Leaves Turn Inside You||Kill Rock Stars (2xLP, 2xCD)||Recorded in 2000, released in April 2001|
Compilations and reissuesEdit
|1999||A Single History: 1991–1997||Kill Rock Stars (LP, CD)||Singles, Compilation tracks, Demos|
|1999||Further Listening||Matador Europe (CD)||Import-only best-of compilation. Track listing: "All Souls Day", "Corpse Pose", "You Bite My Tongue", "Here Come the Dogs", "Envelope", "Rising Blood", "Dragnalus", "Equally Stupid", "Unauthorized Autobiography", "Arboretum", "Valentine Card", "Kantina", "Were, Are and Was or Is", "Petals Like Bricks", "Murder Movies", "Miserific Condition", "Kid Is Gone", "Message Received", "Swan", "Hating in D (Live)". It is worth noting that "Petals Like Bricks" contains "Vern's Answer to the Masses" but is unlisted as such, "Valentine Card", "Kantina", and "Were, Are and Was or Is" are all a part of the same track but are not listed this way either, "Hating In D (Live)" seems to be a homemade vinyl rip from the "Kandykornritualsagainsthatingind" 7", but it is unknown who ripped the track, and lastly, though being a best-of compilation released after Challenge for a Civilized Society, the compilation does not include anything from that album.|
|2012||Big Baby||The Numero Group (LP)||Pre-Unwound material (Giant Henry), recorded in 1991 while the band was still in high school|
|2013||Kid Is Gone||The Numero Group (3xLP)||Includes Unwound (1), Unwound (2), and a collection of rarities and previously unreleased material|
|2014||Rat Conspiracy||The Numero Group (3xLP)||Includes Fake Train, New Plastic Ideas, and a collection of rarities and previously unreleased material|
|2014||No Energy||The Numero Group (3xLP)||Includes The Future of What, Repetition, and a collection of rarities and previously unreleased material|
|2015||Empire||The Numero Group (3xLP)||Includes Challenge for a Civilized Society, Leaves Turn Inside You, and a collection of rarities and previously unreleased material|
|2016||What Was Wound||The Numero Group (10xCD, DVD)||Big Baby, Kid Is Gone, Rat Conspiracy, No Energy, Empire, and other Unwound releases spanned across 10 CD's and a DVD entitled Do Something Exciting|
|2012||Live Leaves||Self-released (2xLP)||Recorded during 2001 USA tour|
|1997||The Light at the End of the Tunnel Is a Train||Kill Rock Stars (12")||Track listing: "Mile Me Deaf", "No Tech", "Solo Sonata", "The Light at the End of the Tunnel Is a Train"|
|1999||Live in London||LoveLetter (12")||Track listing: "Hexenszene", "Side Effects of Being Tired", "Kantina/Were, Are and Was or Is"|
|1991||"Caterpillar"||Kill Rock Stars|
|1992||"Kandy Korn Rituals"||Kill Rock Stars|
|1994||"MKultra"||Kill Rock Stars|
|1996||Split 7" single with Steel Pole Bath Tub||Honey Bear|
|1996||"Corpse Pose"||Kill Rock Stars|
|1999||"Torch Song" split 7" with Versus||Troubleman Unlimited|
- Tobi Vail (2013-06-21). "Interview: Unwound". eMusic. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
- Ross Raihala (2002-03-15). "Web site reports that Olympia's Unwound will disband". The Olympian. Archived from the original on 2002-06-16. Retrieved 2002-06-16.
- "About — UNWOUND". Unwoundarchive.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "Numero to Reissue Unwound's Complete Recordings". Pitchfork. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- "Young Ginns | Free Music, Mixes, Tour Dates, Photos, Videos". Myspace.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "Unwound – Kid Is Gone". Discogs.com. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- Fred Thomas. "No Energy - Unwound - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (September 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Kill Rock Stars artist page
- Kill Rock Stars factsheet
- Detailed discography
- 2013 interview with Justin Trosper
- 1999 interview with Trosper
- 2001 interview: The Unwound Sound
- Trouser Press entry
- Unwound at AllMusic
- enotes.com Bio
- 1998 gig preview
- Musical gear list
- 77 Boadrum Site Profile Viva Radio, Sep 2007. (Flash)