University of Shanghai

University of Shanghai, also known as Shanghai College and Hujiang University (Chinese: 滬江大學), was a university established by the American Baptist Missionary Union and the Southern Baptist Convention in Shanghai.

University of Shanghai
Shanghai College 1906.jpg
TypePrivate university
PresidentLiu Zhan'en

It was the predecessor of University of Shanghai for Science and Technology.


During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, the Central China Mission of the American Southern Baptist Convention and the East China Mission of the American Baptist Missionary Union (Northern Baptists) gathered in Shanghai. The two missions collaborated for higher education, establishing the Shanghai Baptist Theological Seminary in 1906 and Shanghai Baptist College in 1909. The two were combined in 1911 to form "Shanghai Baptist College and Theological Seminary" (上海浸會大學). The name "University of Shanghai" (滬江大學) was adopted when it was registered with the Chinese Government in 1929.[1]

Liu Zhan'en (or Herman Chan-En Liu), an alumnus of Teachers College, Columbia University, was the first Chinese president to succeed Dr. F·J·White for the university.[2]

University of Shanghai was in a critical position for information sharing after the 1937' Battle of Nanking. President Liu was assassinated by the Japanese on a bus stop in Shanghai on the date of April 7, 1938 after he secretly transferred Nanjing Massacre photos (taken by western missionary people) to the members of public along the world.[3]

Ling, Hsien-yang (prefers Henry H. Lin), an alumnus of University of Shanghai (1927) and University of Southern California (1929), was the last Chinese president for the university. He selected to remain in mainland China for servicing the school and students in 1949. He was imprisoned in 1951 on the Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries and died few years later.[4]

In 1952Edit

University of Shanghai was merged into East China Normal University and other universities in Shanghai. It is no longer existing. Some university records for research purpose are available in the Yale University's Divinity School Library.


In 1919, the campus was designed by the American architect Henry Murphy's company.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ China and the Christian colleges 1850-1950, Jessie Gregory Lutz, Cornell University Press, 1971 Page 575
  2. ^ Herman Chan-En Liu (1922). Non-verbal Intelligence Tests for Use in China (Thesis). Teachers College, Columbia University.
  3. ^ "Liu Zhan'en: L: By Person: Stories: Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity". Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  4. ^ Ling, Hsien-yang, Chinese Who's Who, China Year Book 1947, Page 674