University of Lausanne

The University of Lausanne (UNIL; French: Université de Lausanne) in Lausanne, Switzerland was founded in 1537 as a school of theology, before being made a university in 1890. The university is the second oldest in Switzerland, and one of the oldest universities in the world to be in continuous operation. As of fall 2017, about 15,000 students and 3,300 employees study and work at the university. Approximately 1,500 international students attend the university (120 nationalities), which has a wide curriculum including exchange programs with world-renowned universities.

University of Lausanne
Université de Lausanne
Logo Université de Lausanne.svg
Latin: Schola Lausannensis
MottoLe savoir vivant
Motto in English
Live knowledge
TypePublic university
Established1537; 484 years ago (1537)
RectorNouria Hernandez (since August 2016)
Administrative staff
3,700 (2014)
Students13,500 (2014)
Undergraduates8,066 (2010)
Postgraduates1,370 (2010)
1,583 (2010)
Address
Université de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Suisse
, , ,
46°31′21″N 6°34′46″E / 46.52250°N 6.57944°E / 46.52250; 6.57944Coordinates: 46°31′21″N 6°34′46″E / 46.52250°N 6.57944°E / 46.52250; 6.57944
AffiliationsEUA, AUF, UNICA
Websitewww.unil.ch

Since 2005, the University follows the requirements of the Bologna process. The 2011 Times Higher Education World University Rankings[1] ranked the University of Lausanne 116th globally. The CWTS Leiden Ranking 2015 ranks the University of Lausanne 11th in Europe and 41st globally, out of 750 universities.[2]

Together with the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) the university forms a vast campus at the shores of Lake Geneva.

HistoryEdit

 
The Palais de Rumine, one of the former buildings of the University of Lausanne
 
Unithèque building houses one of the two sites of the Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne on the main campus of the UNIL

The University was founded in 1537 as the Schola Lausannensis, one year after Bern conquered the territory of Vaud from the Duchy of Savoy. At the time it was a school of theology with the purpose of training pastors for the church.[3] It enjoyed great renown for being the first and, until the establishment of the Academy of Geneva in 1559, the only French language Protestant school of theology. In its early years it became a center of humanist learning, with thinkers such as Corderius and Celio Secondo Curione among its professors.[3] In the 17th century it became known as the Academy of Lausanne (Académie de Lausanne).[3] As the centuries passed, the number of faculties increased and diversified until, in 1890, the Academy received the name and status of a university.

In 1909, Rudolphe Archibald Reiss founded the first school of forensic science in the world: the Institut de police scientifique.

From 1970, the university moved progressively from the old centre of Lausanne, around the Cathedral and Château, to its present site at Dorigny.

The end of the 20th century witnessed the beginnings of an ambitious project aiming at greater co-operation and development among the French-speaking universities of Lausanne, Geneva, and Neuchâtel, together with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL). Among others, this led to the transfer of the sections of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry from the University to the EPFL; the funds that were made available following this transfer were invested in the development of the life sciences at the University, including the creation of a Center for Integrative Genomics.

In 2003, two new faculties were founded, concentrating on the life and human sciences: the Faculty of Biology and Medicine and the Faculty of Geosciences and Environment.

On 1 January 2014, the Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP) was integrated into the University of Lausanne.[4]

Since August 2016, the rector of the University of Lausanne is Nouria Hernandez; before then, the University was led by Dominique Arlettaz.

Faculties and schoolsEdit

 
 
UNIL
Location: Lausanne, Switzerland

The University of Lausanne comprises seven faculties:

The University of Lausanne also comprises schools and different sections, including but not limited to:

  • School of Criminal Justice (ESC)
  • School of French as a Foreign Language (EFLE)
  • French summer and winter courses (Cours de vacances)
  • Science-Society Interface

CampusEdit

Main campusEdit

The main campus is presently situated outside the city of Lausanne, on the shores of Lake Léman, in Dorigny. It is adjacent to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) and is served by the Lausanne Metro Line 1 (M1). The two schools together welcome about 20,000 students.

The UNIL and the EPFL share an active sports centre located on the campus, on the shores of Lake Geneva[5] and their campus is also equipped with a bicycle sharing system.[6]

The university campus is made up of individual buildings with a park and arboretum in between. The university library also serves as eating hall and is centrally located. The view from the library across the sports fields to the lake of Geneva and the French and Swiss Alps. On a clear day, Mont Blanc can be seen.

The Swiss Institute of Comparative Law and the central administration of the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics are also located on the main campus.

Other sitesEdit

In addition to its main campus at the lakeside, the University of Lausanne also has other sites. The Faculty of Biology and Medicine is also located in two other sites: around the University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV) (site called Bugnon) and in Épalinges (to the north of Lausanne).

The Department of Biochemistry, the Ludwig Cancer Research branch of the University of Lausanne and the WHO Immunology Research and Training Centre and some laboratories of the University Hospital of Lausanne are located in Épalinges. The Biopôle was built next to the Épalinges campus. The Faculty of Biology and Medicine also comprises a fourth site, the Psychiatric Hospital of Cery, in Prilly.

Associated institutionsEdit

 
The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) and the University of Lausanne form a large campus near the lake Geneva.
 
One of the Biopôle buildings in Épalinges (2010). More Biopôle buildings were built there since then.

Reputation and rankingsEdit

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[12]100-150 (2019)
CWUR World[13]146 (2018-19)
CWTS World[14]84 (2018)
QS World[15]149 (2019)
RUR World[16]50 (2019)
THE World[17]152 (2018)
USNWR Global[18]179 (2018)
 
The main building of the Faculty of Law and Criminal Justice and of the Faculty of Business and Economics

The Leiden Ranking of the University of Leiden, when ranking universities by the proportion of publications (all sciences) of a university belonging to the top 10% of their field among universities worldwide, ranked the University of Lausanne as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2015-2018 5 35 98
2014-2017 6 38 108
2013-2016 6 28 90
2012-2015 6 34 99
2011-2014 4 22 73
2010-2013 4 15 57
2009-2012 7 31 88
2008-2011 5 21 67
2007-2010 4 16 67
2006-2009 3 14 67

The Academic Ranking of World Universities [ARWU] ranked the University of Lausanne in 2016 as 101-150th in life science and medicine and 151-200th in social science.[19] The overall ranking is as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2020 101 - 150
2019 151 - 200
2018 101 - 150
2017 151 - 200

The University of Texas at Dallas Top 100 Business School Research Rankings ranked the Faculty of Business & Economics of the University of Lausanne (HEC Lausanne) as follows:

Period In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2004-2008 1st 9th 112th
2003-2007 1st 8th 103rd
2002-2006 1st 8th 123rd
2001-2005 1st 14th 149th
2000-2004 1st 20th 186th

According to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the University ranked 62nd in life sciences worldwide (4th in Switzerland) in 2017.[20] The overall rankings[1] are as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2016-2017 7th ? 151nd
2013-2014 6th 54th 132nd
2012-2013 4th 51st 130th
2011-2012 6th 41st 116th
2010-2011 6th 44th 136th

The QS World University Rankings[21] ranked the University of Lausanne 96th in life science and medicine[22] with the overall rankings as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2016 - - 138th
2015 - - 143th
2014 - - 105th
2013 6th - 111th
2012 6th - 115th

The THE-QS World University Rankings (in 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings) ranked the University of Lausanne as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2009 6th - 168th
2008 6th 64th 161st
2007 7th 93rd 217th
2006 5th - 89th
2005 6th - 133rd

The Leiden Ranking of the University of Leiden, when ranking universities by the size-independent, field-normalized average impact of their research publications (CPP/FCSm) among the 250 largest universities worldwide, ranked the University of Lausanne as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2010 3rd 5th 45th
2008 3rd 6th 73rd

The Leiden Ranking of the University of Leiden, when ranking universities by citations-per-publication (CPP) among the 250 largest universities worldwide, ranked the University of Lausanne as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2010 1st 1st 22nd
2008 1st 1st 31st

4 International Colleges & Universities [4icu.org] ranked the popularity of the website of the University of Lausanne as follows:

Year In Switzerland In Europe In the World
2009 5th 15th 45th

PressEdit

The UNIL publish free monthly campus magazine entitled L'Uniscope[23] The UNIL also publish Allez savoir !,[24] a free magazine aimed at a larger audience (general public), in January, May, and September.

Besides these, L'auditoire is the students' newspapers from both UNIL and EPFL, with a circulation of 19,000 free copies.

AlumniEdit

ALUMNIL networkEdit

In 2011, an on-line network of the UNIL alumni, called ALUMNIL, was created.[25] Since then, regular events (throughout the year) and an annual party (in autumn) are organised every year for the alumni.

RoyaltyEdit

PoliticsEdit

BusinessEdit

LiteratureEdit

ScholarsEdit

OthersEdit

School of LausanneEdit

Neoclassical school of thought in economics founded at the University of Lausanne by two of its professors: Léon Walras and Vilfredo Pareto. The School of Lausanne is associated with the development of general equilibrium theory as well as the marginalist revolution.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 13 April 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  2. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking". CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Nicole Meystre-Schaeren. "Université de Lausanne". Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (in French).
  4. ^ Rapport annuel 2012 de l'Université de Lausanne, www.unil.ch (page visited on 30 May 2013).
  5. ^ Service des sports UNIL-EPFL, sport.unil.ch (page visited on 10 May 2013).
  6. ^ Campus roule, www.publibike.ch (page visited on 15 May 2013).
  7. ^ Center for Biomedical Imaging (page visited on 2 October 2011).
  8. ^ CADMOS (page visited on le 20 February 2012).
  9. ^ Institut universitaire romand de santé au travail Archived 18 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine (page visited on 1 October 2011).
  10. ^ Swiss Vaccine Research Institute (page visited on 14 April 2012).
  11. ^ Centre universitaire romand de médecine légale (page visited on 3 June 2012).
  12. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  13. ^ "World University Rankings 2018-19". Center for World University Rankings. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  14. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2018 - PP top 10%". CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  15. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2019". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Round University Ranking of World Universities 2019". RUR Rankings Agency. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  17. ^ "World University Rankings 2018". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  18. ^ "Best Global Universities Rankings (2018)". U.S. News Education. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  19. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Life and Agriculture Sciences - 2016 | 2016 Top 100 Universities in Natural Sciences and Mathematics | ARWU-FIELD 2016". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  20. ^ "World University Rankings 2016-2017 by subject: life sciences". Times Higher Education (THE). 20 September 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  21. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results". Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  22. ^ "QS World University Rankings by Faculty 2015/16 - Life Sciences and Medicine". Top Universities. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Archives de l'uniscope". www.unil.ch. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  24. ^ Allez savoir !
  25. ^ ALUMNIL, www.unil.ch (page visited on 1 November 2013).
  26. ^ "Jean Claude Gandur". Fg-art.org. Retrieved 6 November 2014.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit