Union of Settlers and Smallholders
The party was established in 1932 as a merger of the ruling Farmers' Assemblies party and the Settlers' Party, with the two parties holding a combined 38 seats in the Riigikogu. In the 1932 elections the new party won 42 seats, the most seats ever won in multi-party elections in Estonia. It continued in government, with Kaarel Eenpalu becoming Head of State.
In 1933 it suffered a major split when the large conservative faction of the Farmers' Assemblies left the Union to re-establish their party.