Union Square (Hong Kong)
Union Square is a commercial and residential real estate project in Hong Kong on the West Kowloon reclamation. Covering 13.54 hectares (33.5 acres), the site has a gross floor area of 1,090,026 square metres (11,732,940 sq ft), approximately the size of the Canary Wharf development in London. As of 2011, the site contained some of the tallest buildings in Hong Kong — including the tallest commercial building in Hong Kong, the 118-storey International Commerce Centre and the loftiest residential tower in Hong Kong, The Cullinan (270-metre (890 ft) high).
Location and accommodationEdit
Union Square is located at 1 Austin Road West, West Kowloon, Kowloon, Hong Kong. It occupies part of the 340 hectares of land reclaimed from Victoria Harbour in the 1990s to construct a highway and rail link to the new Hong Kong International Airport, and it integrates the Kowloon station of the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway. The built area includes 5,866 residential units (totalling 608,026 m2 (6,544,740 sq ft)), 2,230 hotel rooms, and 2,490 serviced apartments with 167,472 m2 (1,802,650 sq ft) of combined hotel and serviced apartment space and 231,778 m2 (2,494,840 sq ft) of office space. This development has a 82,750 m2 (890,700 sq ft) shopping mall, Elements.
The name Union Square is not well known and is seldom used, and as such, people tend to refer to its constituent parts, such as the Elements mall, the ICC, the W Hotel and the various luxurious private apartment complexes.
Planning and conceptEdit
The contract to build and operate the airport railway was awarded to MTR Corporation in 1992. The master plan for Union Square, comprising the massive air rights development surrounding Kowloon Station, was laid out by TFP Farrells. The architects envisioned a three-dimensional mixed-use urban quarter, with numerous towers sitting atop a massive podium.
According to Sir Terry Farrell, MTR Corporation initially wanted a dispersed train station with discreet entrances, but he argued for a grand station hall concept with layered space oriented around Kowloon station providing a central focal point. Transport infrastructure occupies the underground level and first floor – loading facilities and platforms for MTR trains on the Tung Chung and Airport Express lines occupying the sub-terranean level; while the ground level has bus stations, parking garage entrances and mechanical rooms. The Elements Mall on the upper decks takes up 146,000 square metres (1,570,000 sq ft), with retail space occupied by luxury brands, chain stores, a cinema, a supermarket, restaurants, and an ice rink.
On the roof of the Union Square shopping mall, three storeys above the ground, is a pseudo ground level public place with walkways, gardens and a central plaza surrounded by outdoor cafés and bars. Entrances to the various building complexes of Union Square are located on this level. Although Union Square was conceived as an interconnected space centred on transport infrastructure, it was criticised in a 2013 University of Hong Kong study as being cut off from its surroundings, especially for pedestrians. Paul Zimmerman said Union Square is "an island of the rich disconnected from its surroundings", and a lesson for future urban planners. This concern is shared by Farrell, who said there were pre-determined site constraints, and little could be done to mitigate them.
|2000||The Waterfront, Tower 1||46||142.46 metres (467.4 ft)|
|2000||The Waterfront, Tower 2||46||142.46 metres (467.4 ft)|
|2000||The Waterfront, Tower 3||46||142.46 metres (467.4 ft)|
|2000||The Waterfront, Tower 5||46||142.46 metres (467.4 ft)|
|2000||The Waterfront, Tower 6||46||142.46 metres (467.4 ft)|
|2000||The Waterfront, Tower 7||46||142.46 metres (467.4 ft)|
|2003||Sorrento, Tower 1||75||256.3 metres (841 ft)|
|2003||Sorrento, Tower 2||66||236 metres (774 ft)|
|2003||Sorrento, Tower 3||64||218 metres (715 ft)|
|2003||Sorrento, Tower 5||62||212 metres (696 ft)|
|2003||Sorrento, Tower 6||60||206 metres (676 ft)|
|2003||The Harbourside||73||251.16 metres (824.0 ft)|
|2005||The Arch||65||231 metres (758 ft)|
|2007||The Cullinan, North Tower||68||269.92 metres (885.6 ft)|
|2007||The Cullinan, South Tower||68||269.92 metres (885.6 ft)|
|2010||International Commerce Centre||108||484 metres (1,588 ft)|
The Waterfront (Chinese: 漾日居; Cantonese Yale: Yeuhng yaht gēui), phase I of Union Square, was developed by the consortium led by Wing Tai Asia, including Temasek Holdings, Singapore Land, Keppel Land, Lai Sun Development, World-wide Investment and USI Holdings. The residential complex consists of 1,288 apartments in 6 towers and was completed in 2000, together with Dickson Cyber Express, a 70,000 square feet (6,500 m2) cyber shopping mall of Dickson Concepts which was closed after the internet bubble burst. There is a private clubhouse with various facilities, such as swimming pool, badminton court, tennis court, dance room, reading room, karaoke room and a party room for holding different kinds of activities. The residential complex has its own underground car park for residents. There are a lot of greenings within the estate, and the whole estate area is non-smoking. Residents need to show their resident cards before entering the estate. Visitors cannot enter without permission.
|Roof||256 m (839.9 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Wong & Ouyang|
Sorrento (Chinese: 擎天半島; Cantonese Yale: Kìhngtīn Bundóu) is a residential complex occupying the northern edge of Union Square. The complex was built by The Wharf Estate Development Ltd. and MTR Corporation. It contains five residential towers completed in 2003 and was designed by Wong & Ouyang (HK) Ltd.
The towers are named Sorrento 1 through Sorrento 6. As in many buildings in Hong Kong, tower 4 is omitted because, in Cantonese, "4" is a homophone for "death". All five towers follow the same design but reducing in height consecutively with the tallest being Sorrento 1, and the shortest, Sorrento 6. Sorrento 1 is 256 metres (841 feet) tall with 75 floors. It is the 2nd tallest residential building in Hong Kong and the 5th in the world. There are a total of 2,126 units in Sorrento. Between Sorrento 2 and Sorrento 3 is a gap, where a foot bridge connects the residential complex to Kowloon station and Elements.
|The Harbourside (君臨天下)|
|Roof||255 m (836.6 ft)|
|Floor area||128,845 m2 (1,386,876 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||P & T Architects & Engineers Ltd.|
The Harbourside (Chinese: 君臨天下; Cantonese Yale: Gwānlàhm Tīnhah) is a 255 m (836.6 ft) tall residential skyscraper in Union Square, phase 4 of the Kowloon station development. Construction of the 74-storey complex began in 2001 and was completed in 2004 under the design by P & T Architects & Engineers.
The Harbourside appears to be a one-wall building from a distance. However, there are actually three towers joined in the base, middle and top. The gaps between the towers help relieve the stress caused by wind since the complex has a large surface area, allowing it to act as a sail. All floors are used for residential purpose.
The Harbourside is the 91st tallest building in the world when measured up to the highest architectural point.
|The Arch (凱旋門)|
|Roof||231 m (758 ft)|
|Floor count||65 Above ground|
2 Basement floors
|Floor area||100,000 m2 (1,076,391 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||Ove Arup & Partners Hong Kong Ltd.|
The Arch (Chinese: 凱旋門; Cantonese Yale: Hóisyùhn mùhn) is an 81-floor 231-metre (758 feet) tall skyscraper completed in 2006 in Union Square. It is the third-tallest residential building in Hong Kong, consisting of four towers: Sun Tower, Star Tower, Moon Tower, and Sky Tower. The Star Tower is connected to the Moon Tower, while the Sky Tower is connected to the Sun Tower. The Sun and Moon Towers joined on the 69th floor and above to form an arch, hence the name "The Arch".
Sun Hung Kai Properties, the developer of the project, was criticised for its sales tactics of The Arch in 2005, for the practice of "internal sales" in unfinished units, the absence of sale price-lists, and also for hyping sales for flats in The Arch by announcing inflated prices (per square metre) achieved. A buyer apparently paid HK$168 million (HK$31,300 per square foot) for a 5,360-square-foot (498 m2) penthouse. Sweeteners were allegedly given (discounts given to the same purchaser on other units bought), but were excluded from the calculation. This allowed the company to raise prices of the next batch of 500 units by 5–10 percent. However, Sun Hung Kai Properties denied the allegations.
|The Cullinan (天璽)|
|Location||Union Square, Hong Kong|
|Antenna spire||270 m (885.8 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Developer||Sun Hung Kai Properties|
The Cullinan (Chinese: 天璽; Cantonese Yale: Tīnsáai), phase 6 of Union Square, is a residential complex developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties. It is the tallest residential complex in Hong Kong, with 68 storeys and a height of 270 metres (886 feet). It consists of two towers, the North Tower and the South Tower, both of which were completed in 2008 and 2009 consecutively.
The residential complex was named after the 3,106-carat (621.2 g) Cullinan Diamond, the largest diamond in the world, found in 1905. The Cullinan complex was planned to be 45 storeys until the cancellation of Union Square phase 5. The number of floors was then increased to the current 68.
International Commerce CentreEdit
The International Commerce Centre (ICC), phase 7 of Union Square, is a 118-floor, 484-meter (1,588 ft) commercial skyscraper completed in 2010, owned and jointly developed by MTR Corporation and Sun Hung Kai Properties. It is currently the world's fourth tallest as well as the tallest building in Hong Kong. The five-star Ritz-Carlton Hotel currently occupies floors 102 to 118.
Elements, the shopping mall in Union Square, occupies 500,000 sq ft (46,000 m2). As of 2008, it had a total of 123 shops, with an ice rink, and the 1600-seat multiplex Grand Cinema which is currently the largest cinema complex in Hong Kong.
- The Waterfront, Tower 1. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Waterfront, Tower 2. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Waterfront, Tower 3. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Waterfront, Tower 5. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Waterfront, Tower 6. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Waterfront, Tower 7. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- Sorrento Tower 1. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- Sorrento Tower 2. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- Sorrento, Tower 3. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- Sorrento, Tower 5. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- Sorrento, Tower 6. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Harbourside. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Arch. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Cullinan North Tower. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- The Cullinan South Tower. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
- International Commerce Centre. Emporis. Retrieved 10 September 2011
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- The Waterfront Archived 25 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- The Waterfront[permanent dead link]
- Dickson Cyber Express Archived 27 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Dickson set to spin off e-tailing operations[dead link]
- Wong & Ouyang (HK) Ltd.. "More than half-a-century of architectural design experience in Hong Kong", section "The Sorrento", p. 34, September 2009
- "The Arch - SkyscraperPage.com". Retrieved 17 April 2008.
- Lau, Eli (19 May 2005). "Flats frenzy puts system in spotlight". The Standard. Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2007.
- Wang, Raymond (20 May 2005). "Speculators may blow new bubble". The Standard. Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2007.
- MCL, Shaw ready Hong Kong's largest cinema complex Archived 6 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Union Square (Hong Kong).|