Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam
The Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam (Giáo hội Phật giáo Việt Nam Thống nhất or GHPGVNTN) is a Buddhist organization in Vietnam. The Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam was founded in 1964 in order to unify 11 of the 14 different sects of Vietnamese Buddhism which were present in the country at the time. The unification also came in response to a government that was increasingly being seen as hostile to Buddhists during the Vietnam War.
The UBSV's patriarchs Thích Huyền Quang, and Thích Quảng Độ were under house arrest due to their opposition to strict government control of religion, which was established after the communists won the war in 1975.
In 1981, six years after the communist victory, the new government consolidated all Buddhist organizations under the umbrella group Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam and placed it under government control. The Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam and all other non-sanctioned organizations were banned within Vietnam. It continues to operate in exile outside Vietnam.
- Queen, Christopher S.; King, Sallie B. (1996). Thich Nath Hanh and the Unified Church of Vietnam. In: Engaged Buddhism: Buddhist Liberation Movements in Asia. SUNY Press. pp. 321–. ISBN 978-0-7914-2844-3.
- The Suppression of the Unified Buddhist Church, Human Rights Watch 1995