Ulrik Fredrik de Cicignon

Ulrik Frederik de Cicignon (1698 – 8 June 1772) was a Norwegian military officer. He is best known for his part in Strilekrigen, an 18th-century farmer's rebellion, in Bergen.[1][2][3]

Major General

Ulrik Fredril de Cicignon
Ulrik Fredrik Cicignon.JPG
Born1698
Akershus Fortress, Christiania
DiedJune 8, 1772(1772-06-08) (aged 73–74)
Sønderborg
AllegianceDenmark-Norway
RankMajor General

Early lifeEdit

He was probably born at Akershus Fortress in Christiania (now Oslo, Norway). He was the son of Major General Frederik Christoph von Cicignon (c. 1667-1719) and Karen Hausmann (1682-1744). He was also the grandson of the Luxembourg-born military officer and engineer, Johan Caspar von Cicignon (1625-1696). He studied at the Académie des Chevaliers in Strasbourg and the Académie de Lorraine in Nancy, France.[4]

CareerEdit

In 1718, he was appointed First Lieutenant within the Søndenfjeldske Gevorbne Infantry Regiment. He became captain in 1720 and then rose through the ranks until 1746 when he was made Colonel and head of the 2nd Vesterlenske National Infantry Regiment. In 1749, he had been appointed stiftamtmann in Bergen. He was regiment commander in 1750. He was knighted in 1754 with the title of Major General and became a member of the Privy Council in 1764.

Role in StrilekrigenEdit

In autumn 1762, the national government in Copenhagen established an extra per capita tax for every person over twelve years, which was later reduced to a charge per household. These extra taxes were intended to help pay loans from foreign governments and to support the price of the Danish-Norwegian currency at the stock market in Hamburg.

Strilekrigen took place in Bergen on 18 April 1765, when about 2,000 common people from Nordhordland poured into Bergen to protest against the harsh action of the extra tax. The extra tax had hit the poor farmers and fishermen in rural areas around Bergen particularly hard. The protests, which became violent, were particularly directed at Cicignon.

Rebellions of this magnitude was unprecedented in the 18th century, and officials in Copenhagen were appalled. The authorities send an inquiry north consisting of top officials on a warship. The leaders of the rebellion were indicted by the general court and were convicted of disturbance of public order. The result was that a few farmers ended in prison for life after being pardoned from the death sentence. The extra tax was later abolished in Norway in 1772 but continued in force in Denmark. After the rebellion Cicignon sought and received dismissal as stiftamtmann in May 1766. He moved to Sønderborg in the Duchy of Schleswig, where he died in 1772.[5][6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nicolay Nicolaysen, norska stiftelser, III, 575. 882:e
  2. ^ "Ulrik Frederik de Cicignon". geni_family_tree. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  3. ^ Magne Njåstad. "Ulrik Frederik de Cicignon". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Archived from the original on 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
  4. ^ Rolf Grankvist. "Johan Caspar De Cicignon". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Archived from the original on 2016-08-16. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  5. ^ Harald Nissen d.e. "Ulrik Frederik De Cicignon". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Archived from the original on 2016-08-16. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  6. ^ Harald Nissen d.e. "Ulrik Fredrik de Cicignon". Store norske leksikon. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  7. ^ "Strilekrigen". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
Government offices
Preceded by County Governor of Bergenhus amt
1749–1766
Succeeded by
Preceded by County Governor of Bergenhus stiftamt
1749–1766
Succeeded by