Uguccione della Faggiuola

Uguccione della Faggiuola (c. 1250 – 1 November 1319) was an Italian condottiero, and Ghibelline magistrate of Pisa, Lucca and Forlì (from 1297).

BiographyEdit

 
A portrait of Uguccione della Faggiuola

Uguccione was born at Casteldelci and came to prominence in the late 13th century as captain for the Aretine army, when he successfully captured Cesena. In 1297, he attempted to conquer Forlì but was unsuccessful.

Of Ghibelline association, in 1311–1312 Ugguccione was imperial vicar in Genoa for Henry VII, who came to Pisa in 1312.[a][2] After the latter's death in 1313, Uguccione was made chief magistrate (podestà), captain of the people, and virtual lord of Pisa. From 1314 to 1316, Pisa became the center of Ghibelline activity under Uguccione's rule.[3]

Uguccione sacked Lucca in 1314 with the help of his protégé Castruccio Castracani.[4] On 29 August 1315 he delivered the Guelfs of Florence and their Angevin associates from Naples their worst defeat since 1260 in the battle of Montecatini in the Val di Nievole.[4]

In 1316 risings in Pisa and Lucca drove Uguccione out and he took refuge under Cangrande della Scala, who made Uguccione podestà of Vicenza.

Uguccione died of malaria during the siege of Padua on 1 November 1319.[5]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hunt refers to Ugguccione as "dictator of Pisa".[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hunt 1994, p. 27.
  2. ^ Epstein 1996, p. 194.
  3. ^ Beattie 2006, p. 30.
  4. ^ a b Hunt 1994, p. 152.
  5. ^ Armstrong 1932, p. 47.

SourcesEdit

  • Armstrong, Edward (1932). "Italy in the Time of Dante". In Gwatkin, Henry Melvill; Whitney, James Pounder; Tanner, Joseph Robson; Previté-Orton, Charles William; Brooke, Zachary Nugent (eds.). The Cambridge Medieval History. 7: Decline of Empire and Papacy. Cambridge University Press.
  • Beattie, Blake R. (2006). Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334. Brill.
  • Epstein, Steven (1996). Genoa and the Genoese, 958-1528. University of North Carolina Press.
  • Hunt, Edwin S. (1994). The Medieval Super-Companies: A Study of Peruzzi Company of Florence. Cambridge University Press.
Preceded by
To Bologna
Lord of Imola
1296–1299
Succeeded by
To the Papal States
Preceded by
Republic
Lord of Pisa
1314–1316
Succeeded by
Gaddo della Gherardesca
Preceded by
Commune
Lord of Lucca
1314–1316
Succeeded by
Castruccio Castracani