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Sithu U Nyun (Burmese: ဦးညွှန့်; also spelt U Nyunt; 20 January 1910 – 4 April 1996) was a Burmese development economist, diplomat and intellectual who served as the Executive Secretary as the head of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.[2][3][4]

Sithu

U Nyun
ဦးညွှန့်
U Nyun.jpg
U Nyun in United Nations office
Executive Secretary of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
In office
1959 – 1973[1]
Preceded byChakravarthi V. Narasimhan
Succeeded byJ. B. P. Maramis
Personal details
Born(1910-01-20)20 January 1910
Hpa-An, British Burma
Died8 April 1996(1996-04-08) (aged 86)
Yangon, Myanmar
NationalityBurmese
Spouse(s)Than Tin
Children4 son, 1 daughters:
Aung Nyun
Than Nyun
Myo Nyun
Hla Nyun
Marie Nyun
ParentsKyuu Hlaing (father)
Kyin Saing (mother)
Alma materRangoon University
Oxford University
University of London
Websitewww.unyun.org/u-nyun/about/

Contents

Early lifeEdit

U Nyun was born on 20 January 1910 in Hpa-An, British Burma. He attended Basic Education High School No. 1 Thaton and graduated from Rangoon University in 1930, and also educated at Oxford University and University of London. He joined the Indian Civil Service on 4 October 1933. [5]

United Nations careerEdit

U Nyun served in the Indian Civil Service (ICS) and then as a senior civil servant in the independent Burma government, before joining the United Nations in 1953. From 1959 to 1973, he was the Under-Secretary General of the United Nations as the head of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), working directly under Secretaries-General Dag Hammarskjöld and U Thant.[6][7]

U Nyunt served as the Executive Secretary, and established the Mekong Development Project, Asian Highway Network, Asian Statistical Institute, Asian Industrial Development Council, Asian Development Bank, Asian Clearing Union. In 1966, he founded the Asian Development Bank, and was recognized as The Father of Asian Development Bank. In 1973, he retired from the United Nations as the head of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.[6]

U Nyun was one of many trained and experienced Burmese Indian Civil Service and Burmese Civil Service officers at the time of independence.[6]

 
U Nyun on the cover of The Philippines herald in 1954

Personal life and deathEdit

In 1935, he married to Than Tin. He died on 8 April 1996 in Yangon, Myanmar. He is survived by his four sons and one daughter– Aung Nyun, Than Nyun, Myo Nyun, Hla Nyun and Marie Nyun.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Former Executive Secretaries". United Nations ESCAP. Retrieved 2017-08-17.
  2. ^ "US Vice-President Humphrey Visits Sala Santitham for Talks with ECAFE's Executive Secretary". United Nations News & Media. Retrieved 2017-08-17.
  3. ^ "Executive Secretary U Nyun Information". National Archives of Singapore. Retrieved 2017-08-17.
  4. ^ "ECAFE HARMONY". Victoria University of Wellington. Retrieved 2017-08-17.
  5. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/33993/page/7198/data.pdf
  6. ^ a b c "ကမ္ဘာကျော် မြန်မာပုဂ္ဂိုလ်ကြီးတစ်ဦး (သို့) အာရှဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးဘဏ်ရဲ့ ဖခင်ကြီးဦးညွန့်". Thuta Zone (in Burmese). Retrieved 2017-08-17.
  7. ^ "Information" (PDF). Asean.org. Retrieved 2017-08-17.