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USS Saginaw Bay (CVE-82) was an Casablanca-class escort carrier of the United States Navy. She was laid down as MC hull 1119 on 1 November 1943 by the Kaiser Shipbuilding Company, Inc., of Vancouver, Washington; launched on 19 January 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Howard L. Vickery; delivered to the Navy on 2 March 1944 at Astoria, Oregon; and commissioned the same day, with Captain Frank C. Sutton in command.

USS Saginaw Bay (CVE-82) underway at sea, circa 1944.jpg
USS Saginaw Bay
History
United States
Name: USS Saginaw Bay
Builder: Kaiser Shipyards
Laid down: 1 November 1943
Launched: 19 January 1944
Commissioned: 2 March 1944
Decommissioned: 19 June 1946
Struck: 1 March 1959
Fate: Sold for scrapping 27 November 1959
General characteristics
Class and type: Casablanca-class escort carrier
Displacement:
  • 7,800 long tons (7,900 t) (light)
  • 10,400 long tons (10,600 t) (full load)
Length: 512 ft 3 in (156.13 m) overall
Beam:
  • 65 ft 2 in (19.86 m)
  • 108 ft 1 in (32.94 m) (maximum width)
Draft: 22 ft 6 in (6.86 m)
Installed power: 9,000 ihp (6,700 kW)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × 5-cylinder Skinner Unaflow reciprocating stem engines
  • 4 × 285 psi boilers
  • 2 × screws
Speed: 19.3 kn (22.2 mph; 35.7 km/h)
Range: 10,240 nmi (11,780 mi; 18,960 km) at 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h)
Complement:
  • Ship′s Crew: 860 officers and men
  • Embarked Squadron: 50-56 officers and men
  • Total: 910-916 officers and men
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 28
Service record
Part of:
Operations:
Awards: 5 Battle stars

The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships states that Saginaw Bay was named after an inlet on Kuiu Island in the Alexander Archipelago of Alaska, but there has been some discussion that the ship is actually named after Saginaw Bay, a large bay of Lake Huron located in Michigan. However it is extremely likely that the original reference for Saginaw Bay's name was the inlet in Alaska, given that every other ship in the Casablanca class was at least initially given a "Bay" name derived from the many bays and inlets of the Alexander Archipelago and that there is a Saginaw Bay on Kuiu Island. The inlet itself was named after USS Saginaw, a US Navy sloop-of-war that spent 1868-1869 exploring and charting the Alaskan coast.

Contents

Service historyEdit

World War IIEdit

Following shakedown off San Diego, Saginaw Bay loaded aircraft and their pilots for transport to Hawaii and departed on 15 April 1944. She reached Pearl Harbor on 21 April, exchanged her cargo for damaged planes, and returned to Alameda, California. She conducted pilot qualifications off San Diego during May and early June, and completed a second ferry mission to Pearl Harbor by 5 July.

Departing Pearl Harbor on 9 July, she proceeded to Eniwetok and Majuro atolls transporting aircraft. In August, she joined the expeditionary force forming in the Solomon Islands for the invasion of the Palaus and, as flagship of the escort carrier task force, provided air cover for the amphibious landings at Peleliu and Anguar. She then steamed for Seeadler Harbor, Manus, where she became flagship of a task force which sailed on 14 October to begin the liberation of the Philippine Islands with landings at Leyte. She joined the carrier task group "Taffy 1" under Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague, and was assigned to guarding the southeast entrance to Leyte Gulf. As the Japanese Fleet closed, on 24 October she was ordered to transfer her aircraft to other carriers and proceed to Morotai for replacements. Thus, she missed the Battle for Leyte Gulf. She rejoined her task unit on 28 October as it retired to Manus.

Saginaw Bay was anchored in Seeadler Harbor on 10 November when the ammunition ship Mount Hood was literally blown to pieces by an internal explosion. Saginaw Bay suffered minor damage to her exterior from the force of the blast and helped to care for men of various ships in the fleet base area who had been struck by debris from the disintegrated ship.

Saginaw Bay next participated in training for amphibious landing support missions in preparation for operations in Lingayen Gulf and supported the actual invasion from 2 January through 21 January 1945. She then steamed to Ulithi for rehearsal of the Iwo Jima assault; covered the invasion force en route; provided support to the landings on 19 February; and supported operations on that bitterly contested island until 11 March. Saginaw Bay next participated in the pre-invasion strikes against Okinawa which began on 25 March; continued her support through the invasion on 1 April; and then supported American forces ashore until she was ordered to the U.S. on 29 April.

The carrier arrived at San Diego on 22 May; underwent repairs; returned to Guam transporting aircraft in August; and was back in San Diego by 20 August. By the end of the month, she was engaged in training operations in the Hawaiian area until she reported for "Operation Magic Carpet" duty, the return of combat veterans from the Pacific. She departed Hawaii on 14 September and called at Guiuan Roadstead, Samar, and San Pedro Bay, Leyte, in the Philippines to embark veterans for return to San Francisco. She made a second "Magic Carpet" voyage to Buckner Bay, Okinawa, and back, before sailing on 1 February 1946 for the eastern seaboard

Post warEdit

She entered the Boston Naval Shipyard on 23 February for inactivation; was decommissioned on 19 June 1946; and was assigned to the Boston Group of the U.S. Atlantic Reserve Fleet. She was reclassified CVHE-82, effective 12 June 1955 but was never converted. Saginaw Bay was struck from the Navy list on 1 March 1959 and was sold to Louis Simons on 27 November 1959.

AwardsEdit

Saginaw Bay earned five battle stars for World War II service.

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.