USRA Heavy Santa Fe

The USRA Heavy Santa Fe was a USRA standard class of steam locomotive designed under the control of the United States Railroad Administration, the nationalized railroad system in the United States during World War I. These locomotives were of 2-10-2 wheel arrangement in the Whyte notation, or 1′E1′ in UIC classification; this arrangement was commonly named "Santa Fe" in the United States. At the time, the Santa Fe was the largest non-articulated type in common use, primarily in slow drag freight duty in ore or coal service.[1][2][3]

USRA Heavy Santa Fe
USRA Heavy Santa Fe diagram.jpg
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderAmerican Locomotive Company, Baldwin Locomotive Works
Build date1919
Total produced175
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte2-10-2
 • UIC1′E1′ h2
Gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Leading dia.33 in (838 mm)
Driver dia.63 in (1,600 mm)
Trailing dia.43 in (1,092 mm)
Wheelbase42 ft 2 in (12.85 m)
Length55 ft 4 in (16.87 m) without tender
Width10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
Height15 ft 9 in (4.80 m)
Adhesive weight293,000 lb (133,000 kilograms; 133 metric tons)
Loco weight380,000 lb (170,000 kilograms; 170 metric tons)
Total weight586,000 lb (266,000 kilograms; 266 metric tons)
Fuel typeSoft coal (bituminous)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
82.2 sq ft (7.64 m2)
Boiler pressure190 psi (1.31 MPa)
Heating surface5,156 sq ft (479.0 m2)
 • Tubes3,258 sq ft (302.7 m2)
 • Flues1,469 sq ft (136.5 m2)
 • Firebox429 sq ft (39.9 m2)
Superheater:
 • Heating area1,230 sq ft (114.3 m2)
CylindersTwo
Cylinder size30 in × 32 in (762 mm × 813 mm)
Valve gearSouthern (see drawing)
Performance figures
Tractive effort74,000 lbf (329.2 kN)
Factor of adh.3.96
Career
DispositionAll Scrapped between 1953 and 1955

A total of 175 of these locomotives were constructed under the auspices of the USRA. They went to the following railroads:

Table of original USRA allocation [4]
Railroad Quantity Class Road numbers Notes
Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad
5
D2A
521–525
[5]
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
10
M-3
6300–6309
At times leased to the Colorado and Southern Railway[6]
Erie Railroad
25
R-3
4200–4224
[7]
Colorado and Southern Railway
5
E-5B
905–909
[8]
Pennsylvania Railroad
130
N2s
Random between
7036 and 9859
[9]
Total 175

The Pennsylvania Railroad locomotives were later refitted with the Pennsy's trademark Belpaire fireboxes. None of the originals built under USRA auspices or any of the subsequent copies were preserved.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2-10-2 "Santafe" Locomotives in the USA". steamlocomotive.com. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  2. ^ "The Standard Heavy Santa Fe Type Locomotive". Railway Age. 66 Number 7: 388–392. 14 February 1919. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b Drury, George (19 November 2015). Guide to North American steam locomotives (2nd Revised ed.). Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1627002592.
  4. ^ "USRA Locomotives". Steamlocomotive.com. Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  5. ^ Drury, George (19 November 2015). Guide to North American steam locomotives (2nd Revised ed.). Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company. pp. 51–52. ISBN 978-1627002592.
  6. ^ Drury, George (19 November 2015). Guide to North American steam locomotives (2nd Revised ed.). Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company. pp. 101, 106. ISBN 978-1627002592.
  7. ^ Drury, George (19 November 2015). Guide to North American steam locomotives (2nd Revised ed.). Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company. pp. 174, 180. ISBN 978-1627002592.
  8. ^ Drury, George (19 November 2015). Guide to North American steam locomotives (2nd Revised ed.). Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company. pp. 136, 138. ISBN 978-1627002592.
  9. ^ Drury, George (19 November 2015). Guide to North American steam locomotives (2nd Revised ed.). Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1627002592.