Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army)
The Military Intelligence Corps is the intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the United States Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders. The Army's intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.
|Military Intelligence Corps|
|Garrison/HQ||INSCOM – Fort Belvoir, VA|
|Motto(s)||Always Out Front|
|March||"Freedom on Parade"|
|Engagements||American Civil War|
World War I
World War II
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
|U.S. Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2—Intelligence)||LTG Scott D. Berrier|
|Commander (INSCOM)||MG Gary W. Johnston|
|Regimental coat of arms|
Intelligence personnel were a part of the Continental Army since its initial founding in 1775.
In 1776, General George Washington commissioned the first intelligence unit. Knowlton's Rangers, named after its leader Colonel Thomas Knowlton, became the first organized elite force, a predecessor to modern special operations forces units such as the Army Rangers, Delta Force, and others. The "1776" on the United States Army Intelligence Service seal refers to the formation of Knowlton's Rangers.
In January 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker established the Bureau of Military Information for the Union Army during the Civil War, headed by George H. Sharpe. Allan Pinkerton and Lafayette C. Baker handled similar operations for their respective regional commanders. All of those operations were shut down at the end of the Civil War in 1865.
In March 1942, the Military Intelligence Division was reorganized as the Military Intelligence Service. Originally consisting of just 26 people, 16 of them officers, it was quickly expanded to include 342 officers and 1,000 enlisted personnel and civilians. It was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence. Initially it included:
- an Administrative Group
- an Intelligence Group
- a Counter-intelligence Group
- an Operations Group
In May 1942, Alfred McCormack established the Special Branch of the Military Intelligence Service, which specialized in communications intelligence.
On January 1, 1942, the U.S. Army Corps of Intelligence Police, founded in World War I, was re-designated as the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps. In 1945, the Special Branch became the Army Security Agency.
On 1 July 1962, the Army Intelligence and Security Branch was established as a basic Army branch to meet the increased need for national and tactical intelligence.
It was in July 1967, that a number of intelligence and security organizations were combined to form the military intelligence branch. In 1977 they eventually recombined with the Army Intelligence Agency and Army Security Agency to become the US Army Intelligence and Security Command.
In 1971, the United States Army Intelligence Center was established at Fort Huachuca, Arizona as the home of the military intelligence branch. On 1 July 1987 the Military Intelligence Corps was activated as a regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System. All United States Army Military Intelligence personnel are members of the Military Intelligence Corps.
Approximately 28,000 military personnel and 3,800 civilian personnel are assigned to intelligence duties, comprising the Military Intelligence Corps. Some of the key components include:
|Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence (G-2)||As the Army's Chief Intelligence Officer, the responsibilities of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence include policy formulation, planning, programming, budgeting, management, staff supervision, evaluation, and oversight for intelligence activities, as well as overall coordination of the major intelligence disciplines.||Ft Belvoir|
|U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM)||INSCOM is the U.S. Army's major intelligence command.||Ft Belvoir|
|U.S. Army Military Intelligence Readiness Command (MIRC)||MIRC is the U.S. Army Reserve's intelligence command.||Ft Belvoir|
|U.S. Army Intelligence Center of Excellence (USAICoE)||USAICoE is the U.S. Army's school for professional training of military intelligence personnel.||Fort Huachuca|
Major military intelligence unitsEdit
|1st Information Operations Command (Land)
||United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER)||Fort Belvoir|
|58th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
||Maryland Army National Guard||Maryland|
|66th Military Intelligence Brigade
||United States Army Europe||Lucius D. Clay Kaserne (Wiesbaden, Germany)|
|71st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
||Texas Army National Guard||Texas|
|111th Military Intelligence Brigade||United States Army Intelligence Center of Excellence||Fort Huachuca|
|116th Military Intelligence Brigade (Aerial Intelligence)
|201st Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade
||I Corps||Joint Base Lewis-McChord|
|207th Military Intelligence Brigade (Theater)
||United States Army Africa||Vicenza, Italy|
|259th Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) (Army Reserve)||MIRC||Joint Base Lewis–McChord|
|300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Linguist) (Army National Guard)
|336th Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) (Army Reserve)||MIRC||New Jersey|
|470th Military Intelligence Brigade
||United States Army South||Fort Sam Houston|
|500th Military Intelligence Brigade
||United States Army Pacific||Schofield Barracks|
|501st Military Intelligence Brigade
||Eighth United States Army||Yongsan Garrison, (South Korea)|
|504th Military Intelligence Brigade
||III Corps||Fort Hood|
|505th Military Intelligence Brigade (Army Reserve)||United States Army North||San Antonio, Texas|
|513th Military Intelligence Brigade
||United States Army Central||Fort Gordon|
|525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade||XVIII Corps||Fort Bragg|
|650th Military Intelligence Group||Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe||Mons, Belgium|
|704th Military Intelligence Brigade
||National Security Agency||Fort George G. Meade|
|706th Military Intelligence Group
||Central Security Service||Fort Gordon|
|780th Military Intelligence Brigade
||ARCYBER||Fort George G. Meade|
|902nd Military Intelligence Group
||INSCOM||Fort George G. Meade|
|National Ground Intelligence Center||INSCOM||Charlottesville, Virginia|
|National Intelligence Support Group (Army Reserve)||MIRC|
Creed and march of the Military Intelligence CorpsEdit
Creed of the Military Intelligence Corps
I am a Soldier first, but an intelligence professional second to none.
With pride in my heritage, but focused on the future,
Performing the first task of an Army:
To find, know, and never lose the enemy.
With a sense of urgency and of tenacity, professional and physical fitness,
and above all, INTEGRITY, for in truth lies victory.
Always at silent war, while ready for a shooting war,
The silent warrior of the ARMY team.
Military Intelligence Corps March
Onward to victory!
Our silent warriors to the fight.
Onward to victory!
Trained and ready day or night.
Peace through intelligence!
Here's to your health and to our corps.
Strength through intelligence!
Toujours Avant forever more.
The United States Army Intelligence Museum is located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It features the history of American military intelligence from the Revolutionary War to present. In the Army Military Intelligence Museum there is a painting of "The MI Blue Rose". The back of this painting indicates Sgt. Ralph R Abel, Jr. created it. The painting was photographed and distributed worldwide. Sgt. Abel also painted a replica of the corps flag.
Military Intelligence Hall of FameEdit
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