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Two Kettles or Oóhe Núŋpa ("Two Boilings" or "Two Kettles") are one of the seven subtribes of the Lakota people who, along with the Dakota, make up the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ (Seven Council Fires). They reside on the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation.[1]

Together with the Sans Arc (Itázipčho - 'Without Bows') and Miniconjou (Mnikȟáŋwožu or Hoȟwožu - 'Plants by the Water') they are referred to as Central Lakota[citation needed] and divided into several bands or tiyošpaye.

Contents

Historic Oóhe Núŋpa thiyóšpaye or bandsEdit

  • Wanúŋwaktenula (Wah-nee-wack-ata-o-ne-lar, aka Waniwacteonila - 'Killed Accidentally')
  • Šúŋka Yúte šni ('Eat No Dogs')
  • Mnišála ('Red Water', a splinter group from the Sans Arc tiyošpaye, also called Mnišála- 'Red Water')
  • Oíglapta ('Take All That Is Left')

The Oóhe Nuŋpa or Two Kettles were first part of the Mnikȟáŋwožu thiyóšpaye called Waŋhíŋ Wéǧa ('Broken Arrow'), split off about 1840 and became a separate oyáte or tribe.[2]

The Oóhe Núŋpa were often also divided into two groups:[3]

  1. Oóhe Núŋpa (Oohe Noⁿpa - 'Two Boilings' or 'Two Kettles')
  2. Ma Waqota (Ma-wahota - 'Skin-smeared-with-whitish-earth')

HistoryEdit

Before 1843 explorers give no reference to this subdivision. The band appeared to number 800 people. At the usual average of 7 people per lodge, that would make about 115 lodges (tepees when unoccupied), equating to 230 warriors at the norm of 2 per lodge. They were varyingly claimed to live among other herds of buffalo, or to live separate from other bands by the Cheyenne River and the Missouri River. They respected white traders and visitors and hunted skillfully. Early on they rarely engaged in warfare but later did so. Later still they signed a treaty agreeing not to attack others except in self-defense.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Johnson, Michael (2000). The Tribes of the Sioux Nation. Osprey Publishing Oxford. ISBN 1-85532-878-X.
  2. ^ Two Kettles
  3. ^ James Owen Dorsey: Siouan Sociology, Echo Lib, 2007, ISBN 978-1-4068-2595-4

External linksEdit