Twinings /ˈtwnɪŋz/ is an English marketer of tea and other beverages, including coffee, hot chocolate and malt drinks, based in Andover, Hampshire.[2] The brand is owned by Associated British Foods. It holds the world's oldest continually-used company logo, and is London's longest-standing ratepayer, having occupied the same premises on the Strand since 1706.[3]

Twinings
Twinings Tea logo.png
Twinings 20130414 068.jpg
Twinings' shop on the Strand in central London was established as a tea room in 1706
OwnerAssociated British Foods
CountryUnited Kingdom
Introduced1706; 314 years ago (1706)
MarketsBeverages (Tea, coffee, hot chocolate)[1]
Websitewww.twinings.co.uk

HistoryEdit

Twinings was founded by Thomas Twining, of Painswick, Gloucestershire, England, who opened Britain's first known tea room, at No. 216 Strand, London, in 1706; it still operates today.[4][5] The firm's logo, created in 1787, is the world's oldest in continuous use.[6][7]

Holder of a royal warrant,[8] Twinings was acquired by Associated British Foods in 1964.[9] The company is associated with Earl Grey tea, a tea infused with bergamot, though it is unclear when this association began, and how important the company's involvement with the tea has been. Competitor Jacksons of Piccadilly– acquired by Twinings during the 1990s –also had associations with the bergamot blend.[10]

In April 2008, Twinings announced their decision to close its Belfast Nambarrie plant, a tea company in trade for over 140 years.[11] Citing an "efficiency drive"; Twinings moved most of its production to China and Poland, in late 2011, while retaining its Andover, Hampshire factory with a reduced workforce.[8]

In August 2018, Twinings published a list of all its tea suppliers in India on its Sourced with Care website. This came after Traidcraft Exchange called on all the major UK tea brands to show the public which tea plantations they buy from and crack down on modern slavery in the supply chain. Traidcraft Exchange welcomed the move, their policy adviser, Fiona Gooch, saying that it would put "pressure on the other big tea brands ... to follow suit".[12]

EthicsEdit

Twinings has an ethical programme named 'Sourced with Care', which aims to improve the quality of life in the communities it sources from.[13] Through its Sourced with Care programme, Twinings aims to improve the lives of 500,000 people in its supply chain by 2020 through enhancing livelihoods, enabling life opportunities and improving living standards.[14]

The company is a founding member of the Ethical Tea Partnership,[15] a not-for-profit membership organisation of tea-packing companies that works to monitor and improve ethical conditions on tea estates in all major tea growing regions. However, the organisation has been criticised for its "focus on the large-scale producer".[16] Twinings has an Ethical Code of Conduct[17] and works with all its packaging and raw material suppliers to ensure decent working conditions in the supply chain.[18]

VarietiesEdit

Black TeasEdit

The following are some of Twinings black tea blends:[19]

IndulgenceEdit

The following are the blends from the Indulgence range:

  • Lemon Drizzle[21] – Green tea with lemon peel and cake pieces.
  • Gingerbread[22] – Green tea with ginger root and golden syrup.
  • Salted Caramel[23] – Green tea with salted caramel flavour.
  • Cherry Bakewell[24] – Green tea with cherry, vanilla and almond flavour.

SuperblendsEdit

Cold InfuseEdit


Notable members of the Twining familyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Twinings Teas". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Other Drinks". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  3. ^ Winn, Christopher (2007). I Never Knew That About London. Ebury Press. ISBN 978-0-09-191857-6.
  4. ^ Phillips-Evans, James (2012) The Longcrofts: 500 Years of a British Family, Amazon, pp. 244–245
  5. ^ "Twining & Co". Lloyds Banking Group. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  6. ^ "History of the Twinings Tea Company". Twinings. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  7. ^ Standage, Tom (2005). A history of the world in six glasses. New York: Walker. p. 202.
  8. ^ a b "Twinings to leave Britain for Poland". The Telegraph. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  9. ^ Hall, Nick (2 June 2000). The Tea Industry. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. p. 58. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  10. ^ Glyn Hughes. "The Foods of England – Earl Grey Tea". foodsofengland.co.uk. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  11. ^ "Tea Time Over For Nambarrie". Northern Ireland, United Kingdom: 4NI.co.uk Northern Ireland News. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2009. One of Northern Ireland's top teas – and a favourite in Scotland too – is no longer to be packed in central Belfast.
  12. ^ Selwood, Daniel. "Twinings publishes full list of its tea suppliers in India". The Grocer. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Home | Twinings Sourced With Care". www.sourcedwithcare.com. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Home | Twinings Sourced With Care". www.sourcedwithcare.com. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  15. ^ "Ethical Tea Partnership – Working for a Responsible Tea Industry". United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
  16. ^ "Ethical shopping guide to Tea". Ethical Consumer. December 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  17. ^ "Twinings Ovaltine Code of Conduct" (PDF). Twinings.co.uk. 27 March 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  18. ^ "Associated British Foods: Corporate responsibility".
  19. ^ "Classic Black Teas". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Turkish Apple Tea - Single Envelope". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Lemon Drizzle Indulgence Green Tea - Single Envelope". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Gingerbread Indulgence Green Tea - Single Envelope". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  23. ^ "Salted Caramel Indulgence Green Tea - Single Envelope". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  24. ^ "Cherry Bakewell Indulgence Green Tea - Single Envelope". Twinings. Retrieved 17 November 2018.

External linksEdit