Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992
|Twilight: Los Angeles 1992|
|Written by||Anna Deavere Smith|
|Date premiered||March 24, 1994|
|Place premiered||Mark Taper Forum, Los Angeles|
|Subject||Los Angeles riots of 1992|
|Setting||Los Angeles, California|
The original Broadway production opened at the Cort Theatre in New York City on April 17, 1994 and ran for 72 performances. The play is composed of a series of monologues by real people connected directly and indirectly to the riots. Smith chose the texts of the monologues and the subjects from interviews that she had conducted with more than 300 individuals in the process of researching the play. It is considered an example of the genre of verbatim theatre. The play was nominated in 1994 for a Tony Award for Best Play. It won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show, Smith's second such honor in two years.
Smith interviewed some 300 people to gain opinions and viewpoints about the events related to the 1992 riots. From these interviews, she chose numerous subjects to feature as characters of the play, including such public officials as LAPD chief Daryl Gates and Congresswoman Maxine Waters; a nameless juror on the Rodney King police trial, which acquittal of police officers in his attack was a catalyst for the riots; various victims and instigators of violence in South Central, including white truck driver Reginald Denny, who was beaten; and residents of greater Los Angeles with their own view of the events, including singer Jessye Norman and actor Charlton Heston. She memorized and delivered words in Korean to portray a Korean-American woman whose business had been burned down.
Twilight which takes it name from Twilight Bey the Watts Gang Truce Activist, is a direct successor to Smith's previous play, Fires in the Mirror (1992). It was also a one-woman play composed of monologues taken from interview transcripts. It was related to the Crown Heights riot of 1991 in Brooklyn, New York. Both plays are considered trailblazers in a genre that has become known as verbatim theatre.
Awards and nominationsEdit
Twilight was nominated for the 1994 Tony Award for Best Play, losing to Angels in America: Perestroika. Smith was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, losing to Diana Rigg in Medea.
It won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show, Smith's second such honor in two years.
In April 2012 Smith returned to Los Angeles to take part in a "community conversation" marking the 20th-anniversary of the riot. It was sponsored by the nonprofit organization Facing History and Ourselves, and was to be held at Robert F. Kennedy Community High School's Cocoanut Grove Theater at 701 S. Catalina Street.
Katselas Theatre Company mounted a production of Twilight at the Skylight Theater, with a "multiethnic cast of 25 performing many of the characters originally all portrayed by Smith".
Watts Village Theater Company launched "Riot/Rebellion," a multi-year project exploring three episodes of L.A. civil unrest: the 1965 Watts uprising, "the 1992 conflagration and the 1943 Zoot Suit riots, in which non-Latino white U.S. servicemen brawled with Mexican Americans and African Americans."
- Richards, David (March 24, 1994). "Review/Theater: Twilight -- Los Angeles, 1992; A One-Woman Riot Conjures Character Amid the Chaos". The New York Times.
- von Busack, Richard (November 23, 2000). "Mob Mentalities". Metroactive.
- Johnson, Reed (April 25, 2012). "Anna Deavere Smith revisits 'Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992'". Los Angeles Times.
- Tanzer, Joshua (Oct 10, 2000). "The Fire Last Time". www.offoffoff.com. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
- Reed Johnson, "Anna Deavere Smith revisits 'Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992'", LA Times, 25 April 2012
- Reed Johnson, "Artists, actors creatively reengage with '92 L.A. riots, 'Twilight'", LA Times, 29 April 2012; accessed 31 January 2019