Tveit Church (Norwegian: Tveit kirke) is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Kristiansand Municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located on the banks of the Tovdalselva, just outside the village of Ryen in the district of Tveit in the borough of Oddernes in the northeastern part of the city of Kristiansand. It is the church for the Tveit parish which is part of the Kristiansand domprosti (arch-deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, stone church was built in a long church design around the year 1150 using plans drawn up by an unknown architect. The church seats about 350 people. The church is surrounded by a cemetery. The historic structure is protected by law.[1][2]

Tveit Church
Tveit kirke
View of the church
58°13′42″N 8°07′17″E / 58.2283°N 08.1214°E / 58.2283; 08.1214
LocationKristiansand Municipality,
DenominationChurch of Norway
Previous denominationCatholic Church
ChurchmanshipEvangelical Lutheran
StatusParish church
Founded11th century
Functional statusActive
Architectural typeLong church
Completedc.1150 (874 years ago) (1150)
DioceseAgder og Telemark
DeaneryKristiansand domprosti
StatusAutomatically protected

History edit

The earliest existing historical records of the church date back to the year 1379, but the church was likely built between the years 1050 and 1070. It is possible that there was a wooden stave church on the site prior to the construction of the stone building. The Romanesque stone church originally had a rectangular shape. The baptismal font in sandstone dated from 1250 to 1350. The Madonna figure is believed to have been made in the 13th century. The baroque altarpiece is dated to around the year 1650.[3][4][5]

In 1814, this church served as an election church (Norwegian: valgkirke).[6] Together with more than 300 other parish churches across Norway, it was a polling station for elections to the 1814 Norwegian Constituent Assembly which wrote the Constitution of Norway. This was Norway's first national elections. Each church parish was a constituency that elected people called "electors" who later met together in each county to elect the representatives for the assembly that was to meet in Eidsvoll later that year.[6][7]

Over the years there have been several additions to enlarge the church. In 1827, a sacristy was built on the north side of the chancel. In 1831, the main entrance with a tower was added and the old entry porch was incorporated into the nave. In 1867, a wooden addition to the west was added to enlarge the nave even more and provide a new entry porch.[3][4][5]

Media gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Tveit kirke, Kristiansand". Kirkesøk: Kirkebyggdatabasen. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Oversikt over Nåværende Kirker" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Tveit kirke" (in Norwegian). Tveit menighet. Archived from the original on 27 October 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Tveit kirke" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Tveit kirke". (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Valgkirkene". (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Om valgene". Valgene i 1814 (in Norwegian). Arkivverket. Retrieved 10 January 2021.

External links edit