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Tuskar Rock (Irish: An Tuscar)[3] is a group of rocks topped by a lighthouse 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) off the southeast coast of County Wexford, Ireland. It has probably destroyed more ships than any other Irish coastal feature.[4][5] One hundred and seventy-six wrecks are listed for the Tuskar Rock area at Irish Wrecks Online.[6]

Tuskar Rock Lighthouse
An Tuscar
Tuskar Rock.jpg
Tuskar Rock
Tuskar Rock, Ireland is located in Ireland
Tuskar Rock, Ireland
LocationCounty Wexford
Coordinates52°12.175′N 6°12.445′W / 52.202917°N 6.207417°W / 52.202917; -6.207417Coordinates: 52°12.175′N 6°12.445′W / 52.202917°N 6.207417°W / 52.202917; -6.207417
Year first constructed1812–1815
Year first lit1815
Automated31 March 1993
Constructiongranite tower
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternwhite tower and lantern, red lantern rail
Tower height34 metres (112 ft)
Focal height33 metres (108 ft)
Original lensCatoptric light
Current lensChance Brothers 500-millimetre (20-inch) annular lens
Intensity1 kilowatt lamp
Range24 nmi (44 km)
CharacteristicQ (2) W 7.5s
Admiralty numberA5838
NGA number6540
ARLHS numberIRE-076
Ireland numberCIL-0470[1][2]

It is mentioned in the Irish ballad Tales of Loch Achray as the place where the clipper Loch Achray dropped her tug, before sailing to the South Atlantic where she was wrecked off the River Plate.

The Tuskar Rock lighthouse, built from granite and standing 120 feet (37 metres) tall, was built over a period of years beginning in 1812. In October of that year, a storm struck, washing away temporary barracks that had been erected on the island, and killing fourteen workmen—the worst such disaster in Ireland's history of lighthouse construction.[7] The surviving workers clung to the island's slippery rocks for two full days before being discovered and rescued.[7] Work resumed, and the lighthouse was completed, entering into operation on 4 June 1815.[7]

The Tuskar Rock air disaster occurred near the rock on 24 March 1968 when Aer Lingus flight 712, en route from Cork to London, crashed into the sea with the loss of all 61 people on board.

The name Tuskar rock has no foundation in the Irish language but actually came from the Vikings. It is one of many Viking place names found in the south of Wexford and means simply large (tu) rock (skar) in Old Norse.[8]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
18414—    
18517+75.0%
18612−71.4%
18716+200.0%
188116+166.7%
18913−81.2%
19013+0.0%
19114+33.3%
19263−25.0%
19363+0.0%
19463+0.0%
19516+100.0%
YearPop.±%
19563−50.0%
19616+100.0%
19663−50.0%
19713+0.0%
19793+0.0%
19813+0.0%
19863+0.0%
19915+66.7%
19960−100.0%
200200.00%
200600.00%
Source: Central Statistics Office. "CNA17: Population by Off Shore Island, Sex and Year". irishislands.info. Retrieved October 12, 2016.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lighthouses Directory
  2. ^ Tuskar Rock Lighthouse Commissioners of Irish Lights
  3. ^ Tuskar Rock. Irish Placenames Database. Retrieved: 2010-10-22.
  4. ^ Tuskar Rock. Commissioners for Irish Lights. Retrieved: 2010-10-22.
  5. ^ Tuskar Rock. Commissioners for Irish Lights, 1997. Retrieved: 2010-10-22.
  6. ^ Tuskar Rock. irishwrecksonline.net. Retrieved: 2010-10-23.
  7. ^ a b c Krauskopf, Sharma (2001) Irish Lighthouses; p.15.
  8. ^ Billy Colfer ( 2004) The Hook Peninsula: County Wexford p30 Cork University Press ISBN 9781859183786