Turismod

Turismod (Latin: Turismodus[1]) was a son of the king of the Gepids Thurisind. He was killed in 551 or 552 on the battlefield by Alboin, son of the king of the Lombards Audoin.

Turismod was the oldest son of Thurisind and a brother of Cunimund; his sibling eventually succeeded their father in circa 560. Thurisind seems to have given to his eldest son the rank of commander of the Gepids in the city of Sirmium as a way to guarantee his succession to the throne, as this position made him heir apparent. He seems to have had a son, Reptila, who under the reign of Cunimund held Sirmium.[2][3]

According to Paul the Deacon, he participated to the third Lombard-Gepid War; in 551[4] or 552[1] in the decisive battle of Asfeld he was slain there by Alboin, son of the king of the Lombards Audoin. His death was always according to Paul the turning point of the battle, as when the other Gepids saw their leader dead they broke the ranks and escaped.[1][5]

After the war, tells Paul who probably took the story from oral tradition,[6] maybe an heroic lay dedicated to Alboin,[7] Turismod's killer, Alboin, in order to obtain the right to become his father's table-companion as was customary to Lombards had to ask for the hospitality of a foreign king and have the king arm him; for this initiation he went with 40 companions to the court of Turismod's father Thurisind.[8][9][10]

Thurisind, in observance of the laws of hospitality, lets Alboin and his companions participate to a banquet given in their honor offering Alboin the seat where Turismod habitually stood. Following a mockery by Turismod's brother Cunimund and Alboin's rejoinder, a clash is avoided just by Thurisind's intervention, who puts peace and sends away Alboin with Turismod's arms. According to István Boná, who believes in the veracity of this story, the facts may have taken place as described by Paul but it also could reflect a secret peace condition imposed by Audoin on Thurisind under which the Gepid king had to arm his son's killer.[1][8][11][12]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Martindale 1992, s.v. Alboin, pp. 38 – 40
  2. ^ Martindale 1992, s.v. Cunimundus, p. 364
  3. ^ Boná 1976, pp. 70, 108
  4. ^ Jarnut 1995, pp. 20 – 21
  5. ^ Boná 1976, pp. 7, 19
  6. ^ Goffart 1988, p. 387
  7. ^ Boná 1976, p. 12
  8. ^ a b Ausenda 1999, p. 433
  9. ^ Gasparri 2000, p. 105
  10. ^ Boná 1976, pp. 7 – 8
  11. ^ Huizinga 2003, pp. 68 – 69
  12. ^ Boná 1976, pp. 7 – 8, 12

ReferencesEdit

  • Ausenda, Giorgio. "Current issues and future directions in the study of Franks and Alamanni in the Merovingian period", Franks and Alamanni in the Merovingian Period: An Ethnographic Perspective. Ian Wood (ed.). Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998, pp. 371 – 455. ISBN 1-84383-035-3.
  • (in French) Boná, István. A l'aube du Moyen Age: Gépides et Lombards dans le bassin des Carpates. Budapest: Corvina Press, 1974 [1976], ISBN 963-13-4494-0.
  • Gasparri, Stefano. "Kingship rituals and ideology in Lombard Italy", Rituals of Power: From Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages. Frans Theuws and Janet L. Nelson (eds.). Leiden: Brill, 2000, pp. 95 – 114. ISBN 90-04-10902-1.
  • Goffart, Walter. The Narrators of Barbarian History (A.D. 550 – 800): Jordanes, Gregory of Tours, Bede, and Paul the Deacon. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988, ISBN 0-691-05514-9.
  • Huizinga, Johan. Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-Element in Culture. New York: Routledge, 1938 [1998], ISBN 0-415-17594-1.
  • (in Italian) Jarnut, Jörg. Storia dei Longobardi. Turin: Einaudi, 1982 [1995], ISBN 88-06-13658-5.
  • Martindale, John R. (ed.), Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire - Volume III: A.D. 527 – 641, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, ISBN 978-0-521-20160-5.