|Capital||Tsongkha (modern Ping'an District)|
In 997 the elders of Amdo found a descendant of the Yarlung dynasty in Gaochang by the name of Qinanling Wenqianbu. They took him to Hezhou where they named him Gusiluo, otherwise known as Gyelsé, meaning "son of Buddha".
In 1054 assisted the Song army in resolving a dispute among Tibetan tribes.
In 1065 Gusiluo died and was succeeded by his son Dongzhan. Mucheng, son of Xiazhan, declared independence in Hezhou.
In 1072 the Song dynasty regained control of Wushengjun.
In 1074 Dongzhan and Mucheng submitted to Song governance.
In 1099 Tsongkha was briefly occupied by the Song dynasty before regaining independence.
- Tuttle, Gray (2013), The Tibetan History Reader, Columbia University Press
- Twitchett, Denis (1994), The Cambridge History of China, Volume 6, Alien Regime and Border States, 907-1368, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521243319
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