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Triticum urartu, also known as red wild einkorn wheat,[2] and a form of einkorn wheat, is a grass species related to wheat, and native to western Asia. It is a diploid species whose genome is the A genome of the allopolyploid hexaploid bread wheat Triticum aestivum, which has genomes AABBDD.[3]

Triticum urartu
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Genus: Triticum
T. urartu
Binomial name
Triticum urartu
Thumanjan ex Gandilyan
  • Crithodium urartu (Gandilyan) Á.Löve
  • Triticum michaelii Zhuk. nom. inval.


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Triticum urartu". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  3. ^ Ling, H.-Q.; Zhao, S.; Liu, D.; Wang, J.; Sun, H.; Zhang, C.; Fan, H.; Li, D.; Dong, L.; Tao, Y.; Gao, C.; Wu, H.; Li, Y.; Cui, Y.; Guo, X.; Zheng, S.; Wang, B.; Yu, K.; Liang, Q.; Yang, W.; Lou, X.; Chen, J.; Feng, M.; Jian, J.; Zhang, X.; Luo, G.; Jiang, Y.; Liu, J.; Wang, Z.; Sha, Y.; Zhang, B.; Wu, H.; Tang, D.; Shen, Q.; Xue, P.; Zou, S.; Wang, X.; Liu, X.; Wang, F.; Yang, Y.; An, X.; Dong, Z.; Zhang, K.; Zhang, X.; Luo, M.-C.; Dvorak, J.; Tong, Y.; Wang, J.; Yang, H.; Li, Z.; Wang, D.; Zhang, A.; Wang, J. (2013). "Draft genome of the wheat A-genome progenitor Triticum urartu". Nature. 496 (7443): 87–90. doi:10.1038/nature11997. PMID 23535596.