The Dreikönigsgymnasium ("Tricoronatum", meaning "Three Kings School", sometimes called in English the College of the Three Crowns) is a regular public Gymnasium located in Cologne, Germany. Founded in 1450 by the city of Cologne, it is the oldest school in Cologne and one of the oldest in Germany. In 1556 it was transferred to Jesuit control through the son of the mayor, who had become a Jesuit. The Jesuits continued to run the school until 1778, when control was restored to the city after the papal suppression of the Jesuits of 1773.
- Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn (1545–1617) was a Prince-Bishop of Würzburg
- Dietrich von Fürstenberg (1546–1618), Prince-Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paderborn
- Johann Adam Schall von Bell (1592–1666), Jesuit missionary to China
- Maximilian Henry of Bavaria (1621-1688), Archbishop-Elector of Cologne
- Franz Egon of Fürstenberg (1626–1682), Imperial Count
- William Egon of Fürstenberg (1629–1704), prince of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg
- Theodor Schwann (1810–1882), physiologist
- Adolph Kolping (1813–1865), Catholic priest
- Carl Schurz (1829–1906), German revolutionary, American statesman and reformer, and Union Army general
- Fritz Schramma (born 1947), Mayor of Cologne
- Peter Kohlgraf (born 1967), Bishop of Mainz
- Daniel Brühl (born 1978), Actor
- Maryks, Robert A.; Wright, Jonathan, eds. (2014). Jesuit Survival and Restoration: A Global History, 1773–1900. Studies in the History of Christian Traditions. BRILL. p. 144.
- Grendler, Paul F. (2018). Jesuit Schools and Universities in Europe, 1548–1773. BRILL. p. 82. ISBN 9789004391123.
- O'Connor, John T. (1978). Negotiator out of Season. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. p. 2. ISBN 0-8203-0436-0.
- Delplace, Louis (1884). History of the Sodalities of the Blessed Virgin Mary: A Memorial of the Tercentenary Jubilee. 1584–1884. T. Moonan. p. 42.
- Homepage of the Dreikönigsgymnasium Köln (in German)
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