Trencsén County

Trencsén county (Latin: comitatus Trentsiniensis / Trenchiniensis; Hungarian: Trencsén (vár)megye; Slovak: Trenčiansky komitát / Trenčianska stolica / Trenčianska župa; German: Trentschiner Gespanschaft / Komitat) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in western Slovakia.

Trencsén County
Comitatus Trenchiniensis (Latin)
Trencsén vármegye (Hungarian)
Komitat Trentschin (German)
Trenčianska župa (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920
Coat of arms of Trencsén
Coat of arms
Trencsen.png
CapitalTrencsén
Area
 • Coordinates48°54′N 18°2′E / 48.900°N 18.033°E / 48.900; 18.033Coordinates: 48°54′N 18°2′E / 48.900°N 18.033°E / 48.900; 18.033
 
• 1910
4,456 km2 (1,720 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
310437
History
History 
• Established
11th century
• Treaty of Trianon
June 4 1920
Today part ofSlovakia
Trenčín is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Trencsén, 1891.
 
Former county of Trencsén superimposed on map of contemporary Slovakia.

Trencsén county shared borders with the Austrian lands Moravia, Galicia, and Silesia, and the Hungarian counties Árva, Turóc and Nyitra. The county's territory was a strip in the extreme northwestern edge of present-day Slovakia, i.e. the territory between the Czech border, the town of Vágújhely, the Turóc county, the Árva county and the Polish border. The river Vág flowed through the county. Its area was 4456 km² around 1910.

CapitalsEdit

The capital of Trencsén County was the Trenčín Castle (Hungarian: Trencséni vár), and from around 1650 the town of Trencsén.

HistoryEdit

A predecessor of the Trencsén county maybe existed already in the 9th century, at the time of Great Moravia, with a center in Ducové. In the 10th and 11th century, the county was probably temporarily part of Bohemia and then temporarily of Poland (castellania Trecen).

The Trencsén county as a Hungarian comitatus arose at the end of the 11th century, when most parts of the territory were conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary. Traditionally, the office of hereditary lord lieutenant of Trencsén county was held by the Csák, Cseszneky and Illésházy families.

In the aftermath of World War I, Trencsén county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon. The county as (Trenčianska župa) continued to exist until 1922, but it had completely different powers, etc.

During the existence of the first Slovak State between 1939 and 1945, Trenčín county was recreated again in 1940, but its territory was slightly extended. After World War II Trenčín county became part of Czechoslovakia again. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and Trenčín became part of Slovakia.

DemographicsEdit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).
Population by mother tongue[a]
Census Total Slovak Hungarian German Other or unknown
1880[1] 244,919 222,786 (93.96%) 2,576 (1.09%) 10,634 (4.48%) 1,113 (0.47%)
1890[2] 258,769 241,818 (93,45%) 5,082 (1.96%) 10,267 (3.97%) 1,602 (0.62%)
1900[3] 287,665 266,763 (92.73%) 8,210 (2.85%) 10,213 (3.55%) 2,479 (0.86%)
1910[4] 310,437 284,770 (91.73%) 13,204 (4.25%) 9,029 (2.91%) 3,434 (1.11%)
Population by religion[b]
Census Total Roman Catholic Lutheran Jewish Other or unknown
1880 244,919 211,355 (86.30%) 20,357 (8.31%) 12,940 (5.28%) 267 (0.11%)
1890 258,769 224,259 (86.66%) 21,546 (8.33%) 12,463 (4.82%) 501 (0.19%)
1900 287,665 250,628 (87.12%) 24,890 (8.65%) 11,397 (3,96%) 750 (0.26%)
1910 310,437 271,233 (87.37%) 27,421 (8.83%) 10,809 (3.48%) 974 (0.31%)

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Trencsén county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Bán Bán (now Bánovce nad Bebravou)
  Csaca Csaca (now Čadca)
  Illava Illava (now Ilava)
  Kiszucaújhely Kiszucaújhely (now Kysucké Nové Mesto)
  Nagybiccse Nagybiccse (now Bytča)
  Puhó Puhó (now Púchov)
  Trencsén Trencsén (now Trenčín)
  Vágbeszterce Vágbeszterce (now Považská Bystrica)
  Zsolna Zsolna (now Žilina)
  Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Trencsén (now Trenčín)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  2. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved September 29, 2021.

External linksEdit