Total pressure

In physics, the term total pressure may indicate two different quantities, both having the dimensions of a pressure:

where ρ is the density of the fluid, g is the local acceleration due to gravity, and z is the height above a datum.
If the variation in height above the datum is zero, or so small it can be ignored, the above equation reduces to the following simplified form:
Because this is the static pressure that occurs in locations where the fluid flow is entirely stopped (stagnated), this case is also called the stagnation pressure. A fluid can lose total pressure through energy dissipation. An example is the friction between the fluid and a pipe inner surface.

The dynamic pressure is calculated using the density and velocity of the fluid: