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Torre de Benén, Córdoba

The Torre de Belén (literally: Bethlehem Tower) is located in the San Basilio neighbourhood of Córdoba, Spain. It forms part of the Historic centre of Córdoba, a UNESCO World Heritage site.[1] The tower is a fine example of a former defensive gate providing access to a walled enclosure.[2]

DescriptionEdit

The tower is square-shaped, the sides measuring 7.4 m (24 ft). Built of limestone ashlar blocks, arranged in alternating layers of headers and stretchers, it is accessed through two doors at right angles to each other. The outer door to the north has a pointed horseshoe arch while the inner door to the east leads into the ground floor which was once converted into a chapel. As a result, the building was also known as Torre de las Imágines (Tower of the Pictures) or Torre de San Benito (Saint Benedict's Tower). There are two upper floors in the tower, each with hemispherical vaulting. From the first floor, the city walls can be accessed through rounded arches to the north and south. The three rounded arches in the eastern wall once housed the chapel bells. There is disagreement as to whether the tower is of 12th-century Almohad origin or was built later during the Christian period.[3][4] It does however appear to have been consolidated as part of the defences following the Christian conquest of Córdoba in 1236.[5]

The tower underwent restoration work in 2000 which also included the chapel and the altarpiece.[6]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Historic Centre of Cordoba". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  2. ^ "El Alcázar Viejo" (in Spanish). Arte en Córdoba. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  3. ^ "Alcázar Viejo" (in Spanish). CastillosNet. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  4. ^ Ruano, Eloy Benito; Lacave, José Luis; Alvarez, Ana María López; Ricardo Izquierdo Benito (2003). Juderías y sinagogas de la Sefarad medieval: en memoria de José Luis Lacave Riaño. Univ de Castilla La Mancha. pp. 63–. ISBN 978-84-8427-226-7.
  5. ^ "Córdoba (V): siglo XIV, la consolidación cristiana de la ciudad" (in Spanish). una Ventana desde Madrid. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Cultura invierte 158 millones en restaurar la muralla de Córdoba" (in Spanish). El País. 19 October 1999. Retrieved 3 January 2014.

Coordinates: 37°52′36″N 04°47′28″W / 37.87667°N 4.79111°W / 37.87667; -4.79111