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Tongchuan (simplified Chinese: 铜川; traditional Chinese: 銅川; pinyin: Tóngchuān; literally: 'copper river') is a prefecture-level city located in central Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China on the southern fringe of the Loess Plateau that defines the northern half of the province (Shanbei) and the northern reaches of the Guanzhong Plain.



Yintai, Tongchuan, Shaanxi, China - panoramio.jpg
Location of Tongchuan Prefecture within Shaanxi
Location of Tongchuan Prefecture within Shaanxi
CountryPeople's Republic of China
 • Total3,882 km2 (1,499 sq mi)
 • Total834,437
 • Density210/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-SN-02


Tongchuan’s main industries are coal, building materials, machinery, textile and chemical and aluminium industry. Pottery and porcelain, with Yaozhou Kiln products are particularly well known. Tongchuan also produces medicines and food products.

Farm products include apples, hot peppers, Chinese prickly ash, garlic, flue-cured tobacco, walnuts and precious Chinese medicine herbs. Apple wine, apple vinegar, apple soft drink which are made of apples and processing products of hot pepper, walnut etc. are well known in China and are exported to Southeast Asia.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Wangyi District 王益区 Wángyì Qū 200,230 162 1,236
Yintai District 印台区 Yìntái Qū 217,509 627 347
Yaozhou District 耀州区 Yàozhōu Qū 251,860 1,572 160
Yijun County 宜君县 Yíjūn Xiàn 91,160 1,476 64



There are the ruins of the Yaozhou Kiln, the remains of Yuhua Palace, and many rare historical relics. The Forest of Stone Sculptures on Yaowang Mountain is a major historical relic under state protection.