38M Toldi(Redirected from Toldi (tank))
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command 38M Toldi I or II with antenna
|Place of origin||Kingdom of Hungary|
|Used by||Kingdom of Hungary|
|Wars||World War II|
|Variants||Toldi I, Toldi II, Toldi IIa, Toldi III|
|Weight||Toldi I: 8.5 t
Toldi IIa: 9.3 t
|Length||4.75 m (15 ft 7 in)|
|Width||2.14 m (7 ft 0 in)|
|Height||1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|Armour||Toldi I: 20 mm maximum
Toldi II: 35 mm
|20 mm gun (Toldi I and Toldi II)
40 mm gun (Toldi IIa and Toldi III)
|1x 8 mm machine gun|
|Engine||Büssing-NAG V8 7.9 litres
|200 km (120 mi)|
|Speed||47 km/h (29 mph) on road|
|clutch braking (all variants)|
The 38M Toldi was produced and developed under license from Swedish company AB Landsverk between 1939 and 1942. Only 202 were produced.
- Toldi I (k.hk. A20) - first variant armed with 20 mm gun, 80 made.
- Toldi II (k.hk. B20) - variant with thicker front armour, 110 made.
- Toldi IIa (k.hk. B40) - modification developed in 1942, armed with 40 mm gun - 80 tanks of earlier variant were rearmed this way.
- Toldi III (k.hk. C40) - improved variant, only 12 made.
These tanks were mostly used against the USSR between 1941 and 1944. Because of their light armour, armament and good communications equipment, they were mostly used for reconnaissance. The design was not effective in head-on engagements with Soviet T-34 medium tanks encountered during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa.
Two known surviving 38M Toldi tanks (one Toldi I and one Toldi IIa) are preserved on display at the Kubinka Tank Museum.
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