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The 38M Toldi was a Hungarian light tank, based on the Swedish Landsverk L-60B tank. It was named after the 14th century Hungarian knight Miklós Toldi.

38M Toldi
Insignia, number plate, tank, General Military Vehicle Emblem, track, aerial, automobile, Hungarian brand, military Fortepan 72478 crop.jpg
command 38M Toldi I or II with antenna
Type Light tank
Place of origin Kingdom of Hungary
Service history
Used by Kingdom of Hungary
Wars World War II
Production history
Produced 1939–1942
No. built 202
Variants Toldi I, Toldi II, Toldi IIa, Toldi III
Weight Toldi I: 8.5 t
Toldi IIa: 9.3 t
Length 4.75 m (15 ft 7 in)
Width 2.14 m (7 ft 0 in)
Height 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)
Crew 3

Armour Toldi I: 20 mm maximum
Toldi II: 35 mm
20 mm gun (Toldi I and Toldi II)
40 mm gun (Toldi IIa and Toldi III)
1x 8 mm machine gun
Engine Büssing-NAG V8 7.9 litres
155 bhp
200 km (120 mi)
Speed 47 km/h (29 mph) on road
clutch braking (all variants)


Production historyEdit

The 38M Toldi was produced and developed under license from Swedish company AB Landsverk between 1939 and 1942. Only 202 were produced.


  • Toldi I ( A20) - first variant armed with a 20 mm Solothurn anti-tank rifle[1], 80 made.
  • Toldi II ( B20) - variant with thicker front armour, 110 made.
  • Toldi IIa ( B40) - modification developed in 1942, armed with 40 mm gun - 80 tanks of earlier variant were rearmed this way.
  • Toldi III ( C40) - improved variant, only 12 made.

Combat historyEdit

Toldi tanks entered Hungarian service in 1940. They first saw action with the Hungarian Army against Yugoslavia in 1941.

These tanks were mostly used against the USSR between 1941 and 1944. Because of their light armour, armament and good communications equipment, they were mostly used for reconnaissance. The design was not effective in head-on engagements with Soviet T-34 medium tanks encountered during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa.


Two known surviving 38M Toldi tanks (one Toldi I and one Toldi IIa) are preserved on display at the Kubinka Tank Museum.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Zaloga, Steven J. (2018). The Anti-Tank Rifle. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-4728-1722-8. 

External linksEdit