To Walk Invisible

To Walk Invisible is a British television film about the Brontë family that aired on BBC One on 29 December 2016.[1] The drama was written and directed by Sally Wainwright and focused on the relationship of the three Brontë sisters; Charlotte, Emily and Anne, and their brother, Branwell.[2]

To Walk Invisible
To Walk Invisible poster.jpg
GenreDrama
Written bySally Wainwright
Directed bySally Wainwright
StarringFinn Atkins
Rebecca Callard
Charlie Murphy
Adam Nagaitis
Chloe Pirrie
Jonathan Pryce
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Original language(s)English
Production
Executive producer(s)Faith Penhale
Sally Wainwright
Producer(s)Karen Lewis
Running time120 minutes
Production company(s)BBC Cymru Wales
Lookout Point
The Open University
Release
Original release29 December 2016 (2016-12-29)

In the United States, it aired on 26 March 2017 on PBS as part of Masterpiece Theater, under the title: "To Walk Invisible: The Bronte Sisters."[3]

TitleEdit

The title of the drama comes from a letter that Charlotte Brontë had written to her publisher about once meeting a clergyman who did not realise that she was Currer Bell. It suited her and her sisters that they were not famous; "What author would be without the advantage of being able to walk invisible?"[4]

PlotEdit

In 1845 the Brontë family consisting of Patrick Brontë, his daughters Charlotte, Emily and Anne and his son Branwell, are reunited after Branwell is fired from his position as tutor and Anne, who had been working as a governess for the same family, resigns alongside him. Anne reluctantly tells her sisters that Branwell was fired for having sexual relations with the mistress of the house.

Anne reveals to her sister, Charlotte, that she still writes though Charlotte admits to having giving up the hobby as it frightens her. Later Anne also confides to Emily that she is terrified by Branwell's drunken behaviour as their father is blind and sickly and their house belongs to the parish meaning that when he dies the sisters will be wholly dependent on their brother who is a liar, a heavy drinker, and a spendthrift.

Charlotte, who is also terrified by a future where she is financially dependent on Branwell, has a conversation with him about his future plans where he reveals he has published a few poems but because of the insignificant pay is setting his sights on a novel. The conversation triggers Charlotte to wonder if she and her sisters might be able to publish their material as well. She searches through Emily's room and uncovers her poems which she finds brilliant and amazing. Emily reacts violently to the breech in privacy while Anne is intrigued by the idea of publication and shows Charlotte some of her poems and a novel she is working on. Charlotte is unimpressed by Anne's work, but thinks that the three sisters should try to publish a volume of poetry they can use to establish themselves before they write novels. The sisters pay to have Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell published and use pseudonyms so as not to be discriminated against because of their gender. They keep the publication secret from their father and brother.

Branwell hears from his mistress and discovers her husband has died. However he has left provisions in his will that she will lose both her money and her house if she remarries or is seen with Branwell. Branwell sinks further into alcoholism and becomes increasingly violent.

Meanwhile, the sisters have written novels and begin to send them out for publication. Charlotte takes their father for cataract surgery and during his recovery period begins work on a second novel, Jane Eyre.

After disappearing for a long time Branwell returns, severely unwell. The family tries to nurse him back to health but sudden sobriety means he begins to experience hallucinations.

Charlotte finally receives a letter from a publisher and is disappointed to learn that while Emily's novel Wuthering Heights and Anne's novel Agnes Grey have been accepted for publication her own novel, The Professor has been rejected. She urges her sisters to go forward with publication without her and begins to look for a publisher for Jane Eyre.

The situation with Branwell worsens as the family is forced to pay off more of his debts. However Jane Eyre is accepted for publication and all three of the books are incredibly successful. After yet another incident with Branwell harassing their father for money, Emily urges her sisters to reveal themselves and the huge success of their books to their father in order to alleviate his worries about their financial futures. The sisters ask their father not to reveal their success to Branwell, as they have achieved what he dreamed of.

Charlotte becomes enraged after Anne and Emily's publisher tries to pass off The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, a book written by Anne, as being Charlotte's work. She insists that the sisters travel to London and reveal themselves to be separate authors. Anne agrees to go with her sister, but Emily refuses, insisting on protecting her anonymity. After Charlotte introduces herself and Anne they are greeted with adoration by their publishers who take them to the opera.

When they return home Emily reveals that Branwell is deeply ill and has been vomiting blood. Branwell never recovers and eventually dies.

A postscript reveals that Emily died three months after Branwell and Anne died five months after her. The parsonage was turned into a museum celebrating the sisters and their work.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

WritingEdit

BAFTA-winning writer Sally Wainwright, whose other credits include crime drama Happy Valley and comedy-drama Last Tango in Halifax, both set in Yorkshire, said she was "thrilled beyond measure" to have been asked by the BBC to "bring to life these three fascinating, talented, ingenious Yorkshire women." [6]

FilmingEdit

The drama was filmed mostly in Yorkshire with Haworth being used extensively during filming.[7] A replica of the Parsonage at Haworth was constructed on the moorland in Penistone Hill Country Park, just west of Haworth. This allowed external scenes to be filmed away from the real Parsonage in the village. The replica parsonage was also added to with other buildings and a street to make a small set of how Haworth looked at the time of the Brontës, with at least one local councillor pointing out that in their time, the Parsonage was not shaded by trees as it is now.[8]

Interior scenes were filmed in studios at Manchester as filming in the actual Parsonage itself was not possible. Other external scenes were filmed within the city of York[9] and the Calder Valley in West Yorkshire.[10]

Critical receptionEdit

On review aggregating web site Rotten Tomatoes, the film has achieved a score of 83% based on six reviews, for an average rating of 7.5/10.[11]

Lucy Mangan, writing in The Guardian, described the drama as "bleak, beautiful and brilliant; like everything that Wainwright and her repertory company does". She also praised Nagaitis' performance as "a blazing performance [which] conveys the inner torment as well as the selfishness and keeps our sympathy even as he drives us up the wall".[12]

The Telegraph's Jasper Rees gave the drama five stars out of five describing the episode as "the Brontë sisters brought to fizzing, furious life," and similarly praised Adam Nagaitis' acting, noting that it was excellent.[13]

The programme also attracted numerous comments on social media, with many viewers expressing their displeasure about a fine performance ruined by the quality of the audio.[14]

The characterization of the Brontë family was criticized by Peggy Hewitt, a member of the Brontë Society whose own biography about the family, These Lonely Mountains, is "widely regarded as the definitive book about the Haworth moors and their links to the Brontës".[15] Hewitt was critical of Branwell's character being overplayed, Charlotte's "constant mean pinched look" and the representation of Patrick Brontë as "mild and ineffectual" when she claims he was a "fiery Irishman, Cambridge graduate, [and a] forward-looking social reformer."[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "To Walk Invisible". bbfc.co.uk. BBFC. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  2. ^ Deehan, Tom (24 April 2016). "BBC drama To Walk Invisible was shot on location in Yorkshire". thelocationguide.com. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  3. ^ "2017 MASTERPIECE Schedule | Programs". Masterpiece | PBS. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  4. ^ Wilson, Fiona (24 December 2016). "Sisters are doing it for themselves: the Brontës' own story". The Times (72102). Saturday Review. p. 11. ISSN 0140-0460.
  5. ^ "Cast revealed for Sally Wainwright's new BBC One drama, To Walk Invisible". bbc.co.uk. BBC Media Centre. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  6. ^ "BBC to dramatise the lives of the Bronte sisters". The Telegraph. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  7. ^ "To Walk Invisible". bronte-country.cm. Brontë Country. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  8. ^ Robinson, Andrew (31 March 2016). "Brontë Parsonage film set takes shape on moors above Haworth". Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  9. ^ "To Walk Invisible (2016 TV Movie) Filming Locations". imdb.com. IMDB. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  10. ^ Beever, Susie (15 November 2016). "Yorkshire fans can attend special screening of new Bronte drama". Huddersfield Daily Examiner. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  11. ^ "To Walk Invisible (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  12. ^ Mangan, Lucy (30 December 2016). "To Walk Invisible review – a bleak and brilliant portrayal of the Brontë family". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  13. ^ Rees, Jasper (29 December 2016). "To Walk Invisible review: the Brontë sisters brought to fizzing, furious life". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  14. ^ Wheeler, Olivia (30 December 2016). "To Walk Invisible viewers left annoyed over 'bad sound quality'". OK! Magazine. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  15. ^ a b Knights, David (9 January 2017). "Emily a corpse, Branwell overplayed, Charlotte a dried-up woman – Brontë icon's verdict on To Walk Invisible". Keighley News. Retrieved 11 January 2017.

External linksEdit