To Each His Own (film)
To Each His Own is a 1946 American romantic drama film directed by Mitchell Leisen and starring Olivia de Havilland, Mary Anderson, Roland Culver, and John Lund in his first on-screen appearance, where he played dual roles as father and son. The screenplay was written by Charles Brackett and Jacques Théry. A young woman bears a child out of wedlock and has to give him up.
|To Each His Own|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mitchell Leisen|
|Produced by||Charles Brackett|
|Written by||Charles Brackett (story) |
Dodie Smith (uncredited)
|Starring||Olivia de Havilland |
|Music by||Victor Young|
|Cinematography||Daniel L. Fapp|
|Edited by||Alma Macrorie|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|March 12, 1946|
|Box office||$3.6 million (US rentals)|
In World War II London, fire wardens Josephine "Jody" Norris (Olivia de Havilland) and Lord Desham (Roland Culver) keep a lonely vigil. When Jody saves Desham's life, they become better acquainted. With a bit of coaxing, the ageing spinster tells the story of her life, leading to a flashback.
Jody is the belle of her small American hometown of Piersen Falls. Both Alex Piersen (Phillip Terry) and traveling salesman Mac Tilton (Bill Goodwin) propose to her, but she turns them both down. A disappointed Alex marries Corinne (Mary Anderson). When handsome US Army Air Service fighter pilot Captain Bart Cosgrove (John Lund) flies in to promote a World War I bond drive, he and Jody quickly fall in love, though they have only one night together.
A pregnant Jody is advised (out of town) that her life is in danger and she needs an operation. She agrees, though she would lose her unborn child. When she learns that Bart has been killed in action, she changes her mind. She secretly gives birth to their son in 1919. She tries to arrange it so that she can "adopt" the boy without scandal by having him left on the doorstep of a family with too many children already, but the scheme backfires. Corinne loses her own newborn that same day, but is consoled by Jody's. Jody has to love her son, named Gregory or "Griggsy," from afar.
Jody's father dies, forcing her to sell the family drug store. When Jody asks to become Griggsy's nurse, Corinne turns her down; she may have suspected all along that Jody is the boy's real mother. Knowing that her husband never loved her, Corinne is determined to keep the one person who does.
Jody moves to New York City to work for Mac. She discovers to her surprise that he is a bootlegger, using a cosmetics business as a front. The same day, the place is raided by the police, leaving Mac with nothing but the cosmetics equipment. Jody persuades him to make cold cream; with her drive and determination, she builds up a thriving business, and they become rich.
In 1924, she forces Corinne to give her Griggsy by threatening to block a desperately needed bank loan for Alex's failing business. After two months, however, the four-year-old (played by Billy Ward) is still so miserably homesick, Jody gives up and sends the boy back.
Heartbroken, Jody leaves the US to immerse herself in work, setting up and running the English branch of her Lady Vyvyan Cosmetics Company. During World War II, her son (also played by John Lund) becomes a pilot in the 8th Air Force. When he gets a leave in London, Jody meets his train and fusses over him. He only knows her as a family friend. Lord Desham, who is attracted to Jody, uses his influence to arrange for the young man to marry his WREN fiancée without the customary delay. After some broad hints from Desham, Lieutenant Pierson finally realizes why Jody has been so helpful and asks his mother (by that title) for a dance.
- Olivia de Havilland as Miss Josephine 'Jody' Norris
- Mary Anderson as Corinne Piersen
- Roland Culver as Lord Desham
- Phillip Terry as Alex Piersen
- Bill Goodwin as Mac Tilton
- Virginia Welles as Liz Lorimer
- Victoria Horne as Nurse Daisy Gingras
- Griff Barnett as Daniel Norris
- Alma Macrorie as Belle Ingram
- Bill Ward as Gregory - Younger
- Frank Faylen as Babe
- Willard Robertson as Dr. Hunt
- Arthur Loft as Bernadock Clinton
- Virginia Farmer as Mrs. Cora Clinton
- Doris Lloyd as Miss Pringle
- Clyde Cook as Mr. Harkett
- Ida Moore as Miss Claflin
- Mary Young as Mrs. Nix
- John Lund as Captain Bart Cosgrove / Gregory Pierson
- To Each His Own (VHS). Universal Studios. February 17, 1998.
- To Each His Own (DVD (region 2)). Universal Studios.
ALTFG said "To Each His Own is surprisingly direct in its handling of an unwed mother, paralleling Jody's increasing coldness with the detached—but honest—flashbacks that comprise the bulk of the film." One reviewer at Cinescene said "In To Each His Own, the sufferer is able to learn something from her mistakes and misfortunes, growing past her grief and distress into a kind of wisdom. The picture has style, but also a sincerity of sentiment that gives it distinction." Another wrote, "Forthrightly feminist avant la lettre, the film is conscious of constraints, but committed to its movement forward: less resentful than resourceful, and more stalwart than strident, yet angry and determined nonetheless."
ClassicFilmGuide deemed it "A marvelous sentimental (and now dated) story ". JigsawLounge wrote "Brackett's screenplay is a wonder of intricate construction, with pretty much every minor detail of character and plot introduced for a reason which 'pays off' much later in the script. On sober reflection, it is a rather tall tale—and more than the usual degree of disbelief-suspension may be required here and there. But this should prove a very simple task for all but the most hard-headed of audiences: To Each His Own's combination of emotional resonance and a lively wit is potent, and enduring." San.beck said, "This maudlin drama explores the loneliness of a woman who is successful in business but has only one relative she rarely sees. The world wars made for some quick marriages and many widows." NicksFlickPicks gave the film a rating of 3 stars out of 5. TV Guide said, "What might have been a trite soap opera is elevated to the status of superior emotional drama by a wise script, sensitive direction, and an Oscar-winning performance by de Havilland."
|1946||New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress||Olivia de Havilland||2nd place|
|1947||Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role||Olivia de Havilland||Won|
|1947||Academy Award for Best Writing, Original Story||Charles Brackett||Nominated|
- "60 Top Grossers of 1946", Variety 8 January 1947 p8
- Variety film review; March 13, 1946, page 10.
- Harrison's Reports film review; March 16, 1943, page 43.
- "Aradhana (1969) - Movie connections". IMDb.com. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "rediff.com: Dial D for Darjeeling". Specials.rediff.com. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
-  Archived July 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "rediff.com, Movies: The different avatars of Rajesh Khanna". Rediff.com. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Doug Johnson. "TO EACH HIS OWN Review – Olivia de Havilland, John Lund Mitchell Leisen". Alt Film Guide.
- "Flicks - November 2001". cinescene.com.
- "Other Voices, Other Films". cinescene.com.
- "To Each His Own (1946)". Classic Film Guide.
- "EDINBURGH 06 (pt4) : 'To Each His Own' (1946) / 'Chilly Scenes of Winter' (1979) / etc - Neil Young's Film Lounge". jigsawlounge.co.uk.
- "To Each His Own". beck.org.
- "Nick's Flick Picks: The Blog". nicksflickpicks.com.
- "To Each His Own". TVGuide.com.
- Shadoian, Jack (September 1, 1998). "Exacting standards: Director Mitchell Leisen's film 'To Each His Own' epitomizes the director's work". Film Comment. 34 (5): 40. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
Seeing Leisen's films, though, kindles the urge to get up in arms, hoist a banner or two in the hope of securing the director his rightful share of the limelight. Segue to To Each His Own, a quintessential Leisen weepie—what one could unkindly call glittery trash created by the best minds of the motion picture industry, but that just might be wonder-full enough to do the job.Shadoian is a film scholar who wrote the monograph Dreams and Dead Ends: The American Gangster Film (1978, 2003).