Tienen

  (Redirected from Tirlemont)

Tienen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtinə(n)]; French: Tirlemont) is a city and municipality in the province of Flemish Brabant, in Flanders, Belgium. The municipality comprises Tienen itself and the towns of Bost, Goetsenhoven, Hakendover, Kumtich, Oorbeek, Oplinter, Sint-Margriete-Houtem and Vissenaken.

Tienen
Flag of Tienen
Flag
Coat of arms of Tienen
Coat of arms
Tienen is located in Belgium
Tienen
Tienen
Location in Belgium
Tienen in the Province of Flemish Brabant
TienenLocatie.png
Coordinates: 50°48′N 04°56′E / 50.800°N 4.933°E / 50.800; 4.933Coordinates: 50°48′N 04°56′E / 50.800°N 4.933°E / 50.800; 4.933
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
RegionFlemish Region
ProvinceFlemish Brabant
ArrondissementLeuven
Government
 • MayorKatrien Partyka (CD&V)
 • Governing party/ies[CD&V, Open VLD, NVA en Groen]
Area
 • Total71.77 km2 (27.71 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total34,675
 • Density480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Postal codes
3300
Area codes016
Websitewww.tienen.be

On January 1, 2017, Tienen had a total population of 34,365. The total area is 71.77 km2 (27.71 sq mi) which gives a population density of 444 inhabitants per km².

HistoryEdit

 
French commander Charles François Dumouriez, who used the town as a base during the March 1793 Battle of Neerwinden

In the early middle-ages, the town was probably ruled by an old German family Thienen, a branch of the Jonckers dynasty. According to a Spanish historian, the last known Jonckers ruler, Duke Rogerius, was executed by the Spanish Inquisitor, Thiago Vidal.

During the 1635 to 1659 Franco-Spanish War, Tienen was part of the Spanish Netherlands and was captured by a combined Franco-Dutch army in May 1635.[2] Its capture resulted in one of the most serious atrocities of the Dutch Revolt; the town was sacked, over 200 civilians killed and many buildings damaged, including Catholic churches and monasteries. This ended Dutch prospects of winning over the predominately Catholic population of the Southern Netherlands.[3]

After the 1714 Treaty of Utrecht, the town was incorporated into the Austrian Netherlands; in the French Revolutionary Wars, it was used as a base by French Republican General Charles François Dumouriez during the Battle of Neerwinden. On 16 March 1793, the French repulsed an Austrian army commanded by Prince Josias of Coburg.[4]

This was the last victory for the veteran Dumouriez, hero of Valmy and Jemappes; within a week, his army suffered such catastrophic defeats that he defected to the French Royalists.[5]

Culture and significant landmarksEdit

Tienen is the location of a summer rock festival known as 'Suikerrock'.[6] Other landmarks include a swimming pool and local community centre.

IndustryEdit

Tienen is the centre of sugar production in Belgium; a huge sugar beet processing factory, the Sugar refinery of Tienen (Tiense Suikerraffinaderij - Raffinerie Tirlemontoise), is located at the eastern edge of the town. It is the site of facilities owned by Citrique Belge, that produces citric acid, and Havells Sylvania, a manufacturer of energy saving lamps.[7]

Notable inhabitantsEdit

TransportEdit

The town is served by Tienen railway station, the oldest in Belgium still in use.[verification needed]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Tienen is twinned with:

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ De Périni 1896, p. 179.
  3. ^ Lasaffer 2006, pp. 3-4.
  4. ^ Soboul 1975, p. 298.
  5. ^ Thiers 1838, p. 298.
  6. ^ www.suikerrock.be
  7. ^ www.havells-sylvania.com Archived 2010-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Bielsko-Biała - Partner Cities". © 2008 Urzędu Miejskiego w Bielsku-Białej. Retrieved 2008-12-10.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit