Tiraspol Agreement

The Tiraspol Agreement (German: Tiraspoler Abkommen; Romanian: Acordul de la Tiraspol) was an agreement between Nazi Germany and Romania signed on 19 August 1941 in the city of Tiraspol (now in Moldova, under Transnistrian control) regarding the Romanian administration of the region of Transnistria, which became the Transnistria Governorate. It fell under the rule of Gheorghe Alexianu, under immediate subordination of Ion Antonescu,[1] the Conducător (leader) of Romania.[2] It was signed during World War II, while the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union was taking place. The Tighina Agreement in which specific issues of the region were discussed entered in force shortly after, on 30 August.[1] The agreement allowed full Romanian control over the territory between the Dniester and Southern Bug rivers, with the exception of the city of Odessa. The latter was ceded to Romania in the Tighina Agreement with some privileges for Germany.[3]

Romanian territory in May 1942

Afterwards, Transnistria became the destination of many Jews from the recently recovered Romanian regions of Northern Bukovina and Bessarabia. Antonescu planned to colonize Transnistria with Romanian settlers once the invasion of the Soviet Union and the extermination of the Jewish and Romani population in the region was completed to formally annex it.[2]

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  1. ^ a b Babeș, Adina; Florian, Alexandru (2014). "The beginning of war in the East and hastening the approaches against the Jewish population". Holocaust. Studii și cercetări (7): 30–44.
  2. ^ a b Bond, Lucy; Craps, Stef; Vermeulen, Pieter (2016). Memory unbound: tracing the dynamics of memory studies. Berghahn Books. pp. 1–302. ISBN 9781785333019.
  3. ^ Stahel, David (2017). Joining Hitler's Crusade: European Nations and the Invasion of the Soviet Union, 1941. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–437. ISBN 9781108245463.