The timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic lists the articles containing the chronology and epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2,[1] the virus that causes the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and is responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic.

The first human cases of COVID-19 occurred in Wuhan, People's Republic of China, on or about 17 November 2019.[2] The first human case in the United States was on 21 January 2020. The World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020, and first referred to it as a pandemic on 11 March 2020.[3][4] The WHO ended the PHEIC on 5 May 2023.[5]

Interactive map of confirmed COVID-19 cases per million people.

Click the play button in the top left to interact with the map.

On mobile devices, use landscape mode (i.e. rotate your device) and drag the slider at the top of the infographic.

Worldwide timelines by month and year


The 2019 and January 2020 timeline articles include the initial responses as subsections, and more comprehensive timelines by nation-state are listed below this section.


The following are the timelines of the COVID-19 pandemic respectively in:


The following are responses to the COVID-19 pandemic respectively in:

Timeline by country


Some of the timelines listed below also contain responses. The following are the timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in:











Worldwide cases by month and year


The following are COVID-19 pandemic cases in:


  1. ^ "Coronavirus". Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  2. ^ Page, Jeremy; Hinshaw, Drew; McKay, Betsy (26 February 2021). "In Hunt for Covid-19 Origin, Patient Zero Points to Second Wuhan Market - The man with the first confirmed infection of the new coronavirus told the WHO team that his parents had shopped there". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)". World Health Organization (WHO). 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  4. ^ "WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19—11 March 2020". World Health Organization. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  5. ^ Rigby J, Satija B (8 May 2023). "WHO declares end to COVID global health emergency". Reuters. Retrieved 9 May 2023.